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Portfolio Adolph Von Menzel. The complete works. (256: Chalk, Drawing, Frescoes, Oil, Oil On Canvas, Oil On Panel, Painting, Pencil, Watercolour)

 

  • Adolph Von Menzel - The Flute Concert at Sanssouci (sketch)
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Théatre du Gymnase
  • Adolph Von Menzel - The Flute Concert of Frederick the Great at Sanssouci
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Legal Adviser Reading the Counterfeit Documents
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Dancer Pepita da Oliva
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Who Goes There?
  • Adolph Von Menzel - View from a Window in the Marienstrasse
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Folk theatre in Tyrol
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Portrait of a Young Girl
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Portrait of Menzel's brother Richard
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Model Study for Wilhelmine von Bayreuth
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Chodowiecki on the Jannowitz bridge
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Drawing of a Boy
  • Adolph Von Menzel - William I Departs for the Front, July 31, 1870
  • Adolph Von Menzel - The Game of Chess
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Sermon in the Beechwood at Kösen
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Woman Sleeping
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Sketch for The Coronation of King William I at Königsberg
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Gustav Adolph Greets his Wife outside Hanau Castle
  • Adolph Von Menzel - The Round Table of Frederick II at Sanssouci (sketch)
  • Adolph Von Menzel - A Flute Concert of Frederick the Great at Sanssouci
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Early Mass in a Salzburg Church
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Sketch for The Coronation of King William I at Königsberg
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Frederick the Great and the Dancer Barbarina
  • Adolph Von Menzel - The Petition
  • Adolph Von Menzel - Recollection of the Luxembourg Gardens
 
All 256 Artworks from Adolph Von Menzel





Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, (December 8, 1815 – February 9, 1905) was a German artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings. Along with Caspar David Friedrich, he is considered one of the two most prominent German artists of the 19th century, and was the most successful artist of his era in Germany. His popularity in his native country, owing especially to politically propagandistic works, was such that few of his major paintings left Germany, as many were quickly acquired by museums in Berlin. Menzel's graphic works and drawings were more widely disseminated; these, along with informal paintings not initially intended for display, have largely accounted for his posthumous reputation.

Although he traveled in order to find subjects for his art, to visit exhibitions, and to meet with other artists, Menzel spent most of his life in Berlin, and was, despite numerous friendships, by his own admission detached from others. It is likely that he felt socially estranged for physical reasons alone—Menzel had a large head, and stood about four foot six inches.

Graphic works

He was born in Breslau. His father was the headmaster of a school for girls, and intended to educate his son as a professor; however, he would not thwart his taste for art. After resigning his teaching post, Menzel senior set up a lithographic workshop in 1818. In 1830 the family moved to Berlin, and in 1832 Adolph was forced to take over the lithographic business on the death of his father. In 1833, he studied briefly at the Berlin Academy of Art, where he drew from plaster casts and ancient sculptures; thereafter Menzel was self-taught. Sachse of Berlin published his first work in 1833, an album of pen-and-ink drawings reproduced on stone, to illustrate Goethe's little poem, Kunstlers Erdenwallen. He executed lithographs in the same manner to illustrate Denkwürdigkeiten aus der brandenburgisch-preussischen Geschichte; The Five Senses and The Prayer, as well as diplomas for various corporations and societies.

From 1839 to 1842, he produced 400 drawings, largely introducing to Germany the technique of wood engraving, to illustrate the Geschichte Friedrichs des Grossen (History of Frederick the Great) by Franz Kugler. He subsequently brought out Friedrichs der Grossen Armee in ihrer Uniformirung (The Uniforms of the Army under Frederick the Great), Soldaten Friedrichs der Grossen (The Soldiers of Frederick the Great); and finally, by order of King Frederick William IV, he illustrated the works of Frederick the Great, Illustrationen zu den Werken Friedrichs des Grossen (1843-1849).

Through these works, Menzel established his claim to be considered one of the first, if not actually the first, of the illustrators of his day in his own line.

Paintings

In the meantime, Menzel had also begun to study, unaided, the art of painting, and he soon produced a great number and variety of pictures. His paintings consistently demonstrated keen observation and honest workmanship in subjects dealing with the life and achievements of Frederick the Great, and scenes of everyday life, such as In the Tuileries, The Ball Supper, and At Confession. Among those considered most important of these works are Iron Rolling Mill (1872-1875) and The Market-place at Verona. When invited to paint The Coronation of William I at Koenigsberg, he produced an exact representation of the ceremony without regard to the traditions of official painting.

Menzel's depictions of Frederick the Great were nearly cinematic in their reportage and attention to detail, glorifying a suppressive government in a pseudo-documentary style; in these qualities as well as for their re-creation of earlier events of nationalistic pride, the paintings are very similar in effect to the Napoleonic heroics chronicled by Ernest Meissonnier (1815-1891). During Menzel's life, his paintings' political implications were appreciated by Otto von Bismarck and William I, and after his death they were appropriated for use as electoral posters by Adolf Hitler.

If these historical illustrations anticipated the literal qualities of early Impressionism, it is paintings such as The French Window and The Palace Garden of Prince Albert, both painted in the mid- 1840s, that now appeal as "among the most freely observed of mid-nineteenth century images." Such genre paintings evidence associations with French and English art, and would have been politically unacceptable in Wilhelmine Germany; they were not exhibited in Menzel's lifetime. Private drawings and watercolors made of dead and dying soldiers in 1866 on the battlefields of the Austro-Prussian War are unsparing in their realism, and have been described by art historian Marie Ursula Riemann-Reyher as "unique in German art of the time."

Later Years

The paintings which were available to the public garnered recognition not only within Germany, but from the French avant-garde as well: Edgar Degas admired and copied his work, calling him "the greatest living master", and Louis Edmond Duranty wrote of his art:

    "In a word, the man is everywhere independent, sincere, with sure vision, a decisive note that can sometimes be a little brutal....While being perfectly healthy he has the neurosis of truthfulness....The man who has measured with a compass the buttons on a uniform from the time of Frederick, when it is a matter of depicting a modern shoe, waistcoat, or coiffure, does not make them by approximations but totally, in their absolute form and without smallness of means. He puts there everything that is called for by the character (of the object). Free, large, and rapid in his drawing, no draftsman is as definitive as he".

Notwithstanding Menzel's professed estrangement from others, his renown entailed social obligations, and in the 1880s the poet Jules Laforgue described him as "no taller than a cuirassier-guard's boot, bedecked with pendants and orders, not missing a single one of these parties, moving among all these personages like a gnome and like the greatest enfant terrible for the chronicler." In Germany he received many honors, and in 1898 became the first painter to be admitted to the Order of the Black Eagle; by virtue of receiving the Order, Menzel was raised to the nobility, becoming "Adolph von Menzel". He was also made a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris and the Royal Academy in London. After his death in 1905 in Berlin, his funeral arrangements were directed by the Kaiser, who walked behind his coffin.
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 8Ko]

Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (December 8, 1815 – February 9, 1905) was a German artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings. Along with Caspar David Friedrich, he is considered one of the two most prominent German artists of the 19th century, and was the most successful artist of his era in Germany. His popularity in his native country, owing especially to politically propagandistic works, was such that few of his major paintings left Germany, as many were quickly acquired by museums in Berlin. Menzel's graphic works and drawings were more widely disseminated; these, along with informal paintings not initially intended for display, have largely accounted for his posthumous reputation.

Although he traveled in order to find subjects for his art, to visit exhibitions, and to meet with other artists, Menzel spent most of his life in Berlin, and was, despite numerous friendships, by his own admission detached from others. It is likely that he felt socially estranged for physical reasons alone—Menzel had a large head, and stood about four foot six inches.

He was born in Breslau. His father was a lithographer and intended to educate his son as a professor; however, he would not thwart his taste for art. After resigning his teaching post, Menzel senior set up a lithographic workshop in 1818. In 1830 the family moved to Berlin, and in 1832 Adolph was forced to take over the lithographic business on the death of his father. In 1833, he studied briefly at the Berlin Academy of Art, where he drew from plaster casts and ancient sculptures; thereafter Menzel was self-taught. Sachse of Berlin published his first work in 1833, an album of pen-and-ink drawings reproduced on stone, to illustrate Goethe's little poem, Kunstlers Erdenwallen. He executed lithographs in the same manner to illustrate Denkwürdigkeiten aus der brandenburgisch-preussischen Geschichte; The Five Senses and The Prayer, as well as diplomas for various corporations and societies.

From 1839 to 1842, he produced 400 drawings, largely introducing to Germany the technique of wood engraving, to illustrate the Geschichte Friedrichs des Grossen (History of Frederick the Great) by Franz Kugler. He subsequently brought out Friedrichs der Grossen Armee in ihrer Uniformirung (The Uniforms of the Army under Frederick the Great), Soldaten Friedrichs der Grossen (The Soldiers of Frederick the Great); and finally, by order of King Frederick William IV, he illustrated the works of Frederick the Great, Illustrationen zu den Werken Friedrichs des Grossen (1843-1849).

Through these works, Menzel established his claim to be considered one of the first, if not actually the first, of the illustrators of his day in his own line.

In the meantime, Menzel had also begun to study, unaided, the art of painting, and he soon produced a great number and variety of pictures. His paintings consistently demonstrated keen observation and honest workmanship in subjects dealing with the life and achievements of Frederick the Great, and scenes of everyday life, such as In the Tuileries, The Ball Supper, and At Confession. Among those considered most important of these works are Iron Rolling Mill (1872-1875) and The Market-place at Verona. When invited to paint The Coronation of William I at Koenigsberg, he produced an exact representation of the ceremony without regard to the traditions of official painting.

Menzel's depictions of Frederick the Great were nearly cinematic in their reportage and attention to detail, glorifying a suppressive government in a pseudo-documentary style; in these qualities as well as for their re-creation of earlier events of nationalistic pride, the paintings are very similar in effect to the Napoleonic heroics chronicled by Ernest Meissonnier (1815-1891). During Menzel's life, his paintings' political implications were appreciated by Otto von Bismarck and William I, and after his death they were appropriated for use as electoral posters by Adolf Hitler.

If these historical illustrations anticipated the literal qualities of early Impressionism, it is paintings such as The French Window and The Palace Garden of Prince Albert, both painted in the mid- 1840s, that now appeal as "among the most freely observed of mid-nineteenth century images." Such genre paintings evidence associations with French and English art, and would have been politically unacceptable in Wilhelmine Germany; they were not exhibited in Menzel's lifetime. Private drawings and watercolors made of dead and dying soldiers in 1866 on the battlefields of the Austro-Prussian War are unsparing in their realism, and have been described by art historian Marie Ursula Riemann-Reyher as "unique in German art of the time."

The paintings which were available to the public garnered recognition not only within Germany, but from the French avant-garde as well: Edgar Degas admired and copied his work, calling him "the greatest living master", and Louis Edmond Duranty wrote of his art:

Notwithstanding Menzel's professed estrangement from others, his renown entailed social obligations, and in the 1880s the poet Jules Laforgue described him as "no taller than a cuirassier-guard's boot, bedecked with pendants and orders, not missing a single one of these parties, moving among all these personages like a gnome and like the greatest enfant terrible for the chronicler." In Germany he received many honors, and in 1898 became the first painter to be admitted to the Order of the Black Eagle; by virtue of receiving the Order, Menzel was raised to the nobility, becoming "Adolph von Menzel". He was also made a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris and the Royal Academy in London. After his death in 1905 in Berlin, his funeral arrangements were directed by the Kaiser, who walked behind his coffin.

[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 7Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, (Décembre 8, 1815 - Février 9, 1905) était un artiste allemand connu pour des dessins, des gravures et des peintures. Avec Caspar David Friedrich, il est considéré comme l'un des deux plus importants artistes allemands du 19e siècle, et a été l'artiste le plus réussi de son époque en Allemagne. Sa popularité dan...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 10Ko]
Adolph von Menzel (né à Breslau, le 8 décembre 1815 - mort à Berlin, le 9 février 1905) est un peintre allemand. Son père dirigeait une école de filles et il aurait voulu faire de son fils un professeur mais il ne contrecarra pas son goût pour l'art. Orphelin en 1832, Menzel dut subvenir aux besoins de sa famille. En 1833 Sachse, de Berlin, publia...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 3Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, (8. Dezember 1815 - 9. Februar 1905) war ein deutscher Künstler für Zeichnungen, Radierungen und Gemälden zur Kenntnis genommen. Zusammen mit Caspar David Friedrich, gilt er als einer der beiden bedeutendsten deutschen Künstler des 19. Jahrhunderts und war der erfolgreichste Künstler seiner Zeit in Deutschland. ...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 9Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, geadelt 1898 (* 8. Dezember 1815 in Breslau † 9. Februar 1905 in Berlin) war Maler, Zeichner und Illustrator. Er gilt als der bedeutendste deutsche Realist des 19. Jahrhunderts. Sein Werk ist außerordentlich vielfältig bekannt und zu Lebzeiten hoch geehrt wurde er vor allem durch seine historisierenden Darstel...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 15Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, (8 dicembre 1815 - 9 febbraio, 1905) è stato un artista tedesco noto per i disegni, incisioni e dipinti. Insieme a Caspar David Friedrich, è considerato uno dei due più importanti artisti tedeschi del 19 ° secolo, ed è stato l'artista di maggior successo della sua epoca in Germania. La sua popolarità nel suo...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 8Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (Breslavia, 8 dicembre 1815 – Berlino, 9 febbraio 1905) è stato un pittore tedesco noto non solo per i suoi dipinti ma anche per le sue incisioni e i suoi disegni. Von Menzel nacque a Breslavia da un preside di scuola femminile che immediatamente tentò di avviarlo alla carriera di professore, senza successo. Rima...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 3Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, (diciembre 8vo, 1815 hasta febrero 09, 1905) fue un artista alemán conocido por dibujos, grabados y pinturas. Junto con Caspar David Friedrich, es considerado uno de los dos artistas alemanes más importantes del siglo 19, y fue el artista más exitoso de su época en Alemania. Su popularidad en su país natal, sobr...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 9Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann (posteriormente: von) Menzel (Breslavia, 8 de diciembre de 1815 - Berlín, 9 de febrero de 1905) fue un pintor alemán famoso por sus pinturas a menudo inspiradas en la historia, que es considerado el más importante exponente del realismo pictórico del siglo XIX en Alemania. Junto con Caspar David Friedrich, está considerado ...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 7Ko]
Адольф Фридрих Эрдман фон Менцеля (8 декабря 1815 - 9 февраля 1905) был немецкий художник отличался рисунки, офорты и картины. Наряду с Каспара Давида Фридриха, он считается одним из двух самых известных немецких художников 19 века, и был самым успешным художником своего времени в Германии. Его популярность в родной стране, объясняется, в частности...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 8Ko]
А́дольф фон Ме́нцель (нем. Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, 8 декабря 1815, Бреслау — 9 февраля 1905, Берлин) — немецкий художник, один из лидеров романтического историзма. Адольф фон Менцель родился в Восточной Германии в городке Бреслау (ныне Вроцлав, Польша). В 1830 году переехал с семьей в Берлин. Первой художественной школой стала для Адол...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 5Ko]
阿道夫弗里德里希埃德曼冯门泽尔(1815年12月8日 - 1905年2月9日)是一个德国艺术家图纸,铜版画和绘画指出。随着卡斯帕大卫弗里德里希,他被认为是19世纪德国的两个最突出的艺术家之一,是他那个时代最成功的艺术家在德国。他在他的祖国的普及,特别是由于政治宣传的作品,就是这样,他的主要作品很少离开了​​德国,因为许多被迅速在柏林博物馆收购。门泽尔的图形作品和图纸,更广泛地传播这些,连同最初不打算显示的非正式画,基本上都占为他追授声誉。 虽然他前往,以便找到他的艺术的主题,参观展览,并满足与其他艺术家,门泽尔花大部分他在柏林的生活,并且,尽管有许多的友谊,由他自己从别人脱离入场。它是可能的,他觉得单门泽尔有一个大脑袋,站在大约四英尺六英寸的生理上的原因,社会疏远。 图形作品 他出生于布雷斯...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 4Ko]
阿道夫·弗里德利希·艾尔德曼·冯·门采尔, (1815年12月8日-1905年2月9日)是德国油画家和版画家。 门采尔出生于现属波兰的弗罗茨瓦夫,他的父亲是一位女子学校的校长,1830年,全家迁居柏林,他父亲开办了一个石印工厂,在他17岁时父亲去世,他承担起支撑家庭的责任,供养母亲和弟妹,1833年他18岁时,柏林一家出版社出版了他的一本为歌德的诗集插图的石版画册。从1839年至1842年,他创作了大约400幅木刻版画,为《腓特烈大帝传》作插图,从1843年至1849年,他根据腓特烈·威廉四世的委托,为《腓特烈大帝全集》创作了200幅插图。从此,他成为德国著名的插图画家,他自学油画创作,很快创作出大批绘画作品,主要描绘腓特烈大帝时代的历史场景,但也描绘日常生活的景象,绘画题材丰富。 1898...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 2Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel, (08 de dezembro de 1815 - 09 de fevereiro de 1905) foi um artista alemão conhecido por desenhos, gravuras e pinturas. Junto com Caspar David Friedrich, ele é considerado um dos dois mais proeminentes artistas alemães do século 19, e foi o artista mais bem sucedido de sua época na Alemanha. Sua popularidade em se...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 9Ko]
Adolph Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (Breslau, 8 de dezembro de 1815 — Berlim, 9 de fevereiro de 1905) foi um pintor, desenhista e ilustrador alemão, mestre do realismo e o maior expoente desta escola no seu país no século XIX. Nascido na cidade de Breslau em 1815 Menzel recebeu seus primeiros ensinamentos artísticos no estúdio litográfico de seu pa...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 3Ko]
アドルフフリードリヒエルトマンフォンメンツェル、(1815年12月8日 - 1905年2月9日)は、図面、版画、絵画のために注目のドイツ人アーティストだ。カスパルダーヴィトフリードリヒと共に、彼は19世紀の二つの最も著名なドイツのアーティストの一人と見なされ、ドイツの彼の時代の最も成功したアーティストだったさ。彼の母国での彼の人気は、により、特に政治的プロパガンダ作品に、多くはすぐにベルリンの博物館に買収されたとして、彼の主要な絵画の数は、ドイツを離れているようだ。メンツェルのグラフィック作品と図面は、より広く普及したが、これらは、最初に表示するために意図されていない非公式の絵画と共に、主に彼の死後の評判を占めている。 彼は展覧会を訪問し、そして他のアーティストに会うために、彼の芸術のための...
[Biography - Adolph Von Menzel - 4Ko]
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