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Portfolio Cimabue. The complete works. (36: Frescoes, Mosaic, Oil On Panel, Panel, Tempera)

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  • Cimabue - Saint Francis of Assisi (detail)
  • Cimabue - Madonna and Child Enthroned (Maesta)
  • Cimabue - The Virgin and Child Enthroned with Two Angels
  • Cimabue - The Flagellation of Christ
  • Cimabue - Madonna with Child
  • Cimabue - Enthroned Madonna with Angels
  • Cimabue - The Madonna in Majesty (detail)
  • Cimabue - The Madonna in Majesty (detail)
  • Cimabue - Madonna Enthroned with the Child, St Francis and Four Angels
  • Cimabue - Madonna Enthroned with the Child and Two Angels
  • Cimabue - Crucifix
  • Cimabue - Crucifix (detail)
  • Cimabue - Virgin Enthroned with Angels
  • Cimabue - The Virgin and Child in Majesty surrounded by Six Angels
  • Cimabue - Crucifix
  • Cimabue - The Madonna in Majesty (detail)
  • Cimabue - Christ Enthroned between the Virgin and St John the Evangelist (detail)
  • Cimabue - Virgin and Child
  • Cimabue - Madonna Enthroned with the Child, St Francis and four Angels (detail)
  • Cimabue - St Luke (detail)
  • Cimabue - St John (detail)
  • Cimabue - St Luke (detail)
  • Cimabue - The Madonna in Majesty (Maestà)
  • Cimabue - Apocalyptical Christ (detail)
  • Cimabue - Crucifix
  • Cimabue - Virgin and Child
  • Cimabue - St Matthew (detail)
  • Cimabue - Apocalyptical Christ (detail)
  • Cimabue - Crucifix (detail)
All 36 Artworks from Cimabue

Cimabue (Italian pronunciation: [tʃimaˈbue]; c. 1240–1302), also known as Bencivieni di Pepo or in modern Italian, Benvenuto di Giuseppe, was a Florentine painter and creator of mosaics.

Cimabue is generally regarded as one of the first great Italian painters to break away from the Italo-Byzantine style, although he still relied on Byzantine models. The art of this period comprised scenes and forms that appeared relatively flat and highly stylized. Cimabue was a pioneer in the move towards naturalism, as his figures were depicted with rather more lifelike proportions and shading. Even though he was a pioneer in that move, his Maestà paintings show Medieval techniques and characteristics.

According to Giorgio Vasari, he was the teacher of Giotto, considered the first great artist of the Italian Renaissance.

Owing to little surviving documentation, not much is known about Cimabue's life. He was born in Florence and died in Pisa. His career was described in Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects. Although it is one of the few early records about him, its accuracy is uncertain.

He perhaps trained in Florence under unknown masters culturally connected to Byzantine art. However, his first attributed work, the Crucifixion in the church of San Domenico in Arezzo (assigned to him by Italian art historian Pietro Toesca and dated to around 1270), he departed from the Byzantine style. His style was at the time more reminiscent of works such as the Christus patiens (c. 1250) by Giunta Pisano, although Cimabue's Christ is more bent and the clothes have the golden striations introduced by Coppo di Marcovaldo.

Around 1272 he is documented in Rome. A little later, he made another Crucifixion for the Florentine church of Santa Croce (incidentally: damaged by the 1966 Arno River flood). This is a larger and more evoluted work than that in Arezzo, with traces of naturalism perhaps inspired by Nicola Pisano's works. In the same period (c. 1280) he painted the Maestà now at the Louvre Museum, originally in the church of San Francesco at Pisa. This work established a style which was followed by numerous artists after him, including Duccio di Buoninsegna in his Rucellai Madonna (once wrongly attributed to Cimabue), as well as Giotto himself. Other works dating to this period, in which the influence of his pupil Giotto becomes manifest, include a Flagellation (Frick Collection), mosaics for the Baptistery of Florence (now largely restored), the Maestà at the Santa Maria dei Servi in Bologna and the Madonna in the Pinacoteca of Castelfiorentino. A workshop painting, perhaps assignable to a slightly later period, is the Maestà with Saints Francis and Dominic now at the Uffizi.

During the pontificate of Pope Nicholas IV, the first Franciscan pope, Cimabue worked at Assisi. His call was perhaps due to the fame he gained in Rome in 1272, although no works from his stay there are known. At Assisi, in the transept of the Lower Basilica of San Francesco, he frescoed a Madonna with Child Enthroned, Four Angels and St. Francis; the left part of the work is missing, and perhaps showed St. Antony of Padua. The authorship of the painting has been recently disputed for technical and stylistic reasons, however. Cimabue was subsequently commissioned the decoration of the apse and the transept of the Upper Basilica of Assisi, in the same period in which Roman artists were frescoing the nave. The cycle comprises scenes from the Gospels, the life of Mary and of St. Peter and St. Paul, and is today in poor conditions due to the oxidation of the brighter colors.

The Maestà of Santa Trinita, originally painted for the church of Santa Trinita in Florence dates to c. 1290-1300. It is now at the Uffizi Gallery. The softer expression of the characters suggests that it was influenced by Giotto, who was by then already active as a solo artist. Cimabue spent the period from 1301 to 1302 in Pisa, where, together with collaborators, he executed the apse mosaic for the city's cathedral. He died in 1302.

History has long regarded Cimabue as the last of an era that was overshadowed by the Italian Renaissance. In Canto XI of his Purgatorio, Dante laments Cimabue's quick loss of public interest in the face of Giotto's revolution in art:

[Biography - Cimabue - 5Ko]
Cenni di Pepe dit (Giovanni) Cimabue (v. 1240, Florence - v. 1302, Pise) est un peintre italien de la pré-Renaissance. Cimabue assure le renouvellement de la peinture byzantine en rompant avec son formalisme et en introduisant des éléments de l'art gothique, tels que le réalisme des expressions des personnages. De ce point de vue, il peut être cons...
[Biography - Cimabue - 2Ko]
Cimabue (* ca. 1240 † ca. 1302 eigentlicher Name Cenni di Peppo) war ein Florentiner Maler und Mosaik-Künstler, der auch als Entdecker und Meister von Giotto in die Kunstgeschichte einging. Er brach als einer der ersten in der Frührenaissance mit dem Formalismus der byzantinischen Kunst und bemühte sich um eine lebendigere Darstellung der Mensche...
[Biography - Cimabue - 2Ko]
Cimabue, pseudonimo di Cenni di Pepo (Firenze, 1240 circa – Pisa, 1302), è stato un pittore italiano. Si hanno notizie di lui dal 1272. Dante lo citò come il maggiore della generazione antecedente a quella di Giotto, parallelamente al poeta Guido Guinizelli e al miniatore Oderisi da Gubbio. Secondo il Ghiberti e il Libro di Antonio Billi fu al cont...
[Biography - Cimabue - 14Ko]
Cenni di Pepo (Giovanni) Cimabue (n. Florencia c.1240 - f. Pisa 1302) también conocido como Bencivieni di Pepo o en italiano moderno, Benvenuto di Giuseppe fue un pintor y creador de mosaicos florentino. Se le considera iniciador de la escuela florentina del trecento. Nació en Florencia y murió en Pisa. Su carrera fue descrita por Giorgio Vasari ...
[Biography - Cimabue - 15Ko]
Чимабу́э (итал. Cimabue настоящее имя — Ченни ди Пепо (итал. Cenni di Pepo) около 1240 — около 1302) — флорентийский живописец, один из главных возродителей итальянской живописи после её продолжительного средневекового застоя. Происходил из знатной и богатой фамилии Ч. Гвальтьерн, родился, по свидетельству Вазари, в 1240 г., работал во Флоренции ...
[Biography - Cimabue - 5Ko]
Cenni di Petro (Giovanni) Cimabue (c.1240 – 1302) foi um pintor florentino e criador de mosaicos. Ele também é popular por ter descoberto Giotto e ser considerado o último grande pintor italiano a seguir a tradição bizantina. Sua biografia foi descrita por Giorgio Vasari no livro "As Vidas dos Artistas". Seu nome foi mencionado no Purgatório da Div...
[Biography - Cimabue - 3Ko]
p チマブーエ(Cimabue, 1240年 - 1302年)はイタリア、ゴシック期の画家である。 ゴシック期のフィレンツェで活躍した画家。ジョットは彼の弟子と考えられている。西洋絵画が中世から近代へと歩み始める最初期に位置する画家として、美術史上に重要である。近代以前のイタリアの画家には、本名でなくもっぱら通称で呼ばれる者が多いが、チマブーエもその一人であり、本名はチェンニ・ディ・ペーポ(Cenni di Pepo)といった(「チマブーエ」は雄牛の頭の意)。 西洋文化史のうえで中世の次に位置するゴシックの時代は、12世紀に始まった。ゴシック様式を代表する分野の一つは、今もフランス各地に残る、壮大華麗な大聖堂建築である。一方、絵画におけるゴシック様式の発達は建築より遅れ、13世紀後半のイタリ...
[Biography - Cimabue - 2Ko]
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