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Portfolio Claude Lorrain. The complete works. (157: Etching, Oil, Oil On Canvas, Oil On Copper, Pen, Wash)

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  • Claude Lorrain - Seaport with the Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba
  • Claude Lorrain - Embarkation of Ulysses
  • Claude Lorrain - Ideal Landscape with the Flight into Egypt
  • Claude Lorrain - Landscape with Aeneas at Delos
  • Claude Lorrain - The father of Psyche sacrificing at the Temple of Apollo
  • Claude Lorrain - Port Scene with the Villa Medici
  • Claude Lorrain - Veduta of Delphi, with a sacrificial procession
  • Claude Lorrain - Ulysses Returning Chryseis to her Father
  • Claude Lorrain - Landscape with the Adoration of the Golden Calf
  • Claude Lorrain - Harbour Scene with Grieving Heliades
  • Claude Lorrain - Cleopatra Disembarking at Tarsus
  • Claude Lorrain - The Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba
  • Claude Lorrain - Landscape with the Rest on the Flight into Egypt
  • Claude Lorrain - Harbour with Villa Medici
  • Claude Lorrain - The Disembarkation of Cleopatra at Tarsus
  • Claude Lorrain - Landscape with the nymph Egeria and Numa
  • Claude Lorrain - Coast Scene with the Rape of Europa
  • Claude Lorrain - The Expulsion of Hagar
  • Claude Lorrain - Villa in the Roman Campagna
  • Claude Lorrain - Port Scene with the Embarkation of St Ursula
  • Claude Lorrain - Landscape with Narcissus and Echo
  • Claude Lorrain - The Campo Vaccino, Rome
  • Claude Lorrain - Pastoral Landscape
  • Claude Lorrain - Apollo and the Muses on Mount Helicon
  • Claude Lorrain - Port at sunset
  • Claude Lorrain - The Embarkation of St. Paula in Ostia
All 157 Artworks from Claude Lorrain

Claude Lorrain, traditionally just Claude in English (also Claude Gellée, his real name, or in French Claude Gellée, dit le Lorrain) (c. 1600 – 21 or 23 November 1682) was an artist of the Baroque era who was active in Italy, and is admired for his achievements in landscape painting.

Early years

Claude was born in 1604 or 1605 into poverty in the town of Chamagne, Vosges in Lorraine – then the Duchy of Lorraine, an independent state until 1766 and now in northeast France. He was one of five children. His actual name was Claude Gellée, but he is better known by the province in which he was born. Orphaned by age of twelve, he went to live at Freiburg with an elder brother, Jean Gellée, a woodcarver. He afterwards went to Rome to seek a livelihood and then to Naples, where he apprenticed for two years, from 1619 to 1621, under Goffredo (Gottfried) Wals. He returned to Rome in April 1625 and was apprenticed to Augustin Tassi. He got into a fight with Leonaert Bramer.

He apparently was able to tour in Italy, France and Germany, including his native Lorraine, suffering numerous misadventures. Claude Deruet, painter to the duke of Lorraine, kept him as assistant for a year; and at Nancy he painted architectural subjects on the ceiling of the Carmelite church.
Seaport (Villa Medici) (1637) Mature works.

In 1627 Claude returned to Rome. Here, two landscapes made for Cardinal Bentivoglio earned him the patronage of Pope Urban VIII. From about 1637 he rapidly achieved fame as a painter of landscapes and seascapes. He apparently befriended his fellow Frenchman Nicolas Poussin; together they would travel the Roman Campagna, sketching landscapes. Though both have been called landscape painters, in Poussin the landscape is a background to the figures; whereas for Claude, despite figures in one corner of the canvas, the true subjects are the land, the sea, and the air. By report, he often engaged other artists to paint the figures for him, including Courtois and Filippo Lauri. He remarked to those purchasing his pictures that he sold them the landscape; the figures were gratis.

In order to avoid repetition of subjects, and also to expose the many spurious copies of his works, he made tinted outline drawings (in six paper books prepared for this purpose) of all those pictures sent to different countries; and on the back of each drawing he wrote the name of the purchaser. These volumes he named the Liber Veritatis (Book of Truth). This valuable work, engraved and published, has always been highly esteemed by students of the art of landscape. Claude, who suffered much from gout, died in Rome on either 21 November or 23 November 1682, leaving his considerable wealth between his only surviving relatives, a nephew and an adopted daughter (possibly his niece). Originally buried in Santissima Trinità al Monte Pincio (commonly known as Trinità al Monte).

Critical assessment and legacy

The Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba (1648)In Rome, not until the mid-17th century were landscapes deemed fit for serious painting. Northern Europeans working there, such as Elsheimer and Brill, had made such views pre-eminent in some of their paintings (as well as Da Vinci in his private drawings or Baldassarre Peruzzi in his decorative frescoes of vedute); but not until Annibale Carracci and his pupil Domenichino do we see landscape become the focus of a canvas by a major Italian artist. Even with the latter two, as with Claude, the stated themes of the paintings were mythic or religious. Landscape as a subject was distinctly unclassical and secular. The former quality was not consonant with Renaissance art, which boasted its rivalry with the work of the ancients. The second quality had less public patronage in Counter-Reformation Rome, which prized subjects worthy of "high painting," typically religious or mythic scenes. Pure landscape, like pure still-life or genre painting, reflected an aesthetic viewpoint regarded as lacking in moral seriousness. Rome, the theological and philosophical center of 17th century Italian art, was not quite ready for such a break with tradition.

In this matter of the importance of landscape, Claude was prescient. Living in a pre-Romantic era, he did not depict those uninhabited panoramas that were to be esteemed in later centuries, such as with Salvatore Rosa. He painted a pastoral world of fields and valleys not distant from castles and towns. If the ocean horizon is represented, it is from the setting of a busy port. Perhaps to feed the public need for paintings with noble themes, his pictures include demigods, heroes and saints, even though his abundant drawings and sketchbooks prove that he was more interested in scenography.
Claude was described as kind to his pupils and hard-working; keenly observant, but an unlettered man until his death. The painter Joachim von Sandrart is an authority for Claude's life (Academia Artis Pictoriae, 1683); Baldinucci, who obtained information from some of Claude's immediate survivors, relates various incidents to a different effect (Notizie dei professoni del disegno).

John Constable described Claude as "the most perfect landscape painter the world ever saw", and declared that in Claude’s landscape "all is lovely – all amiable – all is amenity and repose; the calm sunshine of the heart".

[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 7Ko]
Claude Gellée, dit le Lorrain (Chamagne, Vosges, v. 1600 - Rome, 23 novembre 1682) est un peintre lorrain, figure emblématique du paysage de style classique. Biographie Ulysse remet Chryséis à son père, v. 1644, Musée du Louvre, ParisClaude Gellée fréquente l’école du village avant de commencer à apprendre le métier de pâtissier. Il perd ses parent...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 7Ko]
Claude Lorrain, auch bekannt als Claude Gellée oder Claude Le Lorrain, (* 1600 in Chamagne, Lothringen &dagger 23. November 1682 in Rom) war ein französischer Maler des Barock, der einen eigenen lyrisch-romantischen Stil klassizistischer Landschaftsmalerei entwickelte. über die Kindheit von Lorrain ist wenig bekannt. Er arbeitete zunächst als Pas...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 6Ko]
Claude Gellée (o Gelée) detto Lorrain, o anche Claudio Lorenese (Chamagne, 1600 - Roma, 23 novembre 1682), è stato un pittore francese attivo soprattutto a Roma: con Nicolas Poussin, è considerato il maestro del genere del paesaggio ideale. Biografia Claude Lorrain, La partenza di Sant'Orsola, Londra, National GalleryGiunse a Roma giovanissimo (nel...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 3Ko]
Claude Gellée, llamado Claude Lorrain o, en español, Claudio de Lorena (Chamagne, Lorena, 1600 - Roma, 1682), fue un pintor francés establecido en Italia. Perteneciente al periodo del arte Barroco, cabe enmarcarlo en la corriente denominada Clasicismo. Biografía Claude Gellée nació el 1600 en Chamagne, cerca de Lunéville, al sur de Nancy, en el duc...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 6Ko]
Клода Лоррена, традиционно просто Клод на английском языке (также Клод Желле, его настоящее имя, или на французском Клод Желле, DIT ле Лоррен) (ок. 1600 - 21 или 23 ноября 1682) был художником эпохи барокко который был активным в Италии и восхищаются за его достижения в пейзажной живописи. Биография Ранние годы Клод родился в 1604 или 1605 в нищету...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 6Ko]
克劳德洛兰,传统只是克劳德在英语(克劳德Gellée,他的真名,或在法国克劳德Gellée,DIT乐洛兰)(公元前1600 - 1682年21月11日或23日)是活跃在意大利巴洛克时代的艺术家,并钦佩他的山水画成就。 传记 早年 克劳德陷入贫困的洛林镇Chamagne,孚日出生在1604年或1605 - 洛林大公国,直到1766,现在在法国东北部的独立国家。他是五分之一的儿童。他的实际名称是克劳德Gellée,但他是更好地在他出生的省。十二岁父母双亡,他就住在弗赖堡的一个哥哥,一个木雕,让Gellée。事后,他去罗马寻求生计,然后到那不勒斯,他在那里当学徒两年,从1619年到1621年戈弗雷(戈特弗里德)Wals的,。他返回罗马在1625年4月,当了学徒奥古斯丁Tassi。他钻进与Leona...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 3Ko]
Claude Lorrain, tradicionalmente apenas em Inglês Claude (também Claude Gellée, seu nome real, ou em francês Claude Gellée, dit le Lorrain) (c. 1600-1621 ou 23 de novembro de 1682) foi um artista do barroco que era ativo na Itália , e é admirado por suas realizações na pintura de paisagem. Biografia Primeiros anos Claude nasceu em 1604 ou 1605 na p...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 7Ko]
クロードロラン、英語で伝統的にクロード(またクロードGellée、彼の本当の名前、またはフランスのクロードGelléeで、DITルロラン)(C. 1600年から1621年または1682年11月23日)はイタリアで活躍したバロック時代の芸術家だった、そして風景画に彼の功績を賞賛されている。 バイオグラフィー 初期の年 その後、ロレーヌ公国、1766まで、そして現在は北東フランスの独立国家 - クロードは、ロレーヌのChamagne、ヴォージュ山脈の町で貧困に1604年または1605年に生まれました。彼は5人の子供の一人。彼の実際の名前はクロードGelléeだったが、彼はより彼が生まれたの州で知られています。 12歳でみなしご化されている、彼は​​兄、ジャンGellée、木彫りとフライブルクでの...
[Biography - Claude Lorrain - 4Ko]
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