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Portfolio Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The complete works. (332: Chalk, Drawing, Frescoes, Gouache, Ink, Oil, Oil On Canvas, Oil On Panel, Paper, Pastel, Pen, Pencil, Wash, Watercolour)

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  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Dantis Amore
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Beata Beatrix
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - A Vision of Fiammetta
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Mnemosyne
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Wedding of Saint George and the Princess Sabra
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - A Christmas Carol
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The First Madness of Ophelia
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - A Sea Spell
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Return Of Tibullus To Delia
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Beloved
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Roman de la Rose
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - How Sir Galahad, Sir Bors and Sir Percival Were Fed with the Sanc Grael; But Sir Percival's Sister Died By the Way
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Garland
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Sancta Lilias
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Portrait of Aflaia Coronio
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Venus Verticordia
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Regina Cordium or The Queen of Hearts
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - La Pia de' Tolomei
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Girlhood of Mary Virgin
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Meeting of Dante and Beatrice in Paradise
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Tune of the Seven Towers
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Blue Bower
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Study for the Death of Lady Macbeth
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - The Sermon on the Mount
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Dante's Dream
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Alexa Wilding
All 332 Artworks from Dante Gabriel Rossetti

 Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Dante Gabriel Rossetti was an Englishman of many talents. He was an active poet, translator, illustrator and painter. Along with two friends, William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais, Rossetti founded the Pre-Raphaelites, a group of painters dedicated to bringing the Renaissance ideals of painting back into the then modern art world. The paintings of Rossetti have influences many of the future generations including Symbolist painters, the Aesthetic Movement and notable individual artists such as William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones.
[Page - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 4Ko]

Dante Gabriel Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882) was an English poet, illustrator, painter and translator. He founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848 with William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais, and was later to be the main inspiration for a second generation of artists and writers influenced by the movement, most notably William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones. His work influenced the European Symbolists, and he was also a major precursor of the Aesthetic movement.

Rossetti's art was characterised by its sensuality and its medieval revivalism. His early poetry was influenced by John Keats. His later poetry was characterised by the complex interlinking of thought and feeling, especially in his sonnet sequence The House of Life. Poetry and image are closely entwined in Rossetti's work; he frequently wrote sonnets to accompany his pictures, from The Girlhood of Mary Virgin (1849) to Astarte Syriaca (1877), one of his last completed works.

Rossetti's personal life was closely linked to his work, especially his relationships with his models and muses Elizabeth Siddal, Fanny Cornforth, and Jane Morris.

The son of émigré Italian scholar Gabriel Pasquale Giuseppe Rossetti and his wife Frances Polidori, Rossetti was born in London, England and originally named Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti. His family and friends called him Gabriel, but in publications he put the name Dante first (in honour of Dante Alighieri). He was the brother of poet Christina Rossetti, the critic William Michael Rossetti, and author Maria Francesca Rossetti.

The young Rossetti is described as "self-possessed, articulate, passionate and charismatic" but also "ardent, poetic and feckless". Like all his siblings, he aspired to be a poet and attended King's College School, Wimbledon. However, he also wished to be a painter, having shown a great interest in Medieval Italian art. He studied at Henry Sass's Drawing Academy from 1841 to 1845 when he enrolled at the Antique School of the Royal Academy, leaving in 1848. After leaving the Royal Academy, Rossetti studied under Ford Madox Brown, with whom he was to retain a close relationship throughout his life.

Following the exhibition of William Holman Hunt's painting The Eve of St. Agnes, Rossetti sought out Hunt's friendship. The painting illustrated a poem by the then still little-known John Keats. Rossetti's own poem "The Blessed Damozel" was an imitation of Keats, so he believed that Hunt might share his artistic and literary ideals. Together they developed the philosophy of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which they founded along with John Everett Millais.

The group's intention was to reform English art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo and the formal training regime introduced by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Their approach was to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art. The eminent critic John Ruskin later wrote:
Every Pre-Raphaelite landscape background is painted to the last touch, in the open air, from the thing itself. Every Pre-Raphaelite figure, however studied in expression, is a true portrait of some living person.

For the first issue of the Brotherhood's magazine, The Germ, published early in 1850, Rossetti contribute his poem "The Blessed Damozel" and a story about a fictional early Italian artist inspired by a vision of a woman who bids him combine the human and the divine in his art.Rossetti was always more interested in the Medieval than in the modern side of the movement, working on translations of Dante and other Medieval Italian poets, and adopting the stylistic characteristics of the early Italians.

Rossetti's first major paintings in oil display the realist qualities of the early Pre-Raphaelite movement. His Girlhood of Mary Virgin (1849) and Ecce Ancilla Domini (1850) both portray Mary as an emaciated and repressed[citation needed] teenage girl. William Bell Scott saw Girlhood in progress in Hunt's studio and remarked on young Rossetti's technique :
He was painting in oils with water-colour brushes, as thinly as in water-colour, on canvas which he had primed with white till the surface was a smooth as cardboard, and every tint remained transparent. I saw at once that he was not an orthodox boy, but acting purely from the aesthetic motive. The mixture of genius and dilettantism of both men shut me up for the moment, and whetted my curiosity

Stung by criticism of his second major painting, Ecce Ancilla Domini, exhibited in 1850, and the "increasingly hysterical critical reaction that greeted Pre-Raphaelitism"[ in that year, Rossetti turned to watercolours, which could be sold privately. Although his work subsequently won support from John Ruskin, Rossetti only rarely exhibited thereafter
In 1850, Rossetti met Elizabeth Siddal, an important early model for the Pre-Raphaelite painters. Over the next decade, she became his muse, his pupil, and his passion. They were finally married in 1860.

Rossetti's incomplete picture Found, begun in 1853 and unfinished at his death, was his only major modern-life subject. It depicted a prostitute, lifted from the street by a country-drover who recognises his old sweetheart. However, Rossetti increasingly preferred symbolic and mythological images to realistic ones, 

For many years, Rossetti worked on English translations of Italian poetry including Dante Alighieri's La Vita Nuova (published as The Early Italian Poets in 1861). These and Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur inspired his art of the 1850s. He created his own method of painting in watercolours, using thick pigments mixed with gum to give rich effects similar to medieval illuminations. He also developed a novel drawing technique in pen-and-ink. His first published illustration was "The Maids of Elfen-Mere" (1855), for a poem by his friend William Allingham, and he contributed two illustrations to Edward Moxon's 1857 edition of Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Poems as well as illustrations for works by his sister Christina Rossetti.

His visions of Arthurian romance and medieval design also inspired William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones. Neither Burne-Jones nor Morris knew Rossetti personally, but both were much influenced by his works, and met him by recruiting him as a contributor to their Oxford and Cambridge Magazine which Morris founded in 1856 to promote their ideas about art and poetry.
In February 1857, Rossetti wrote to William Bell Scott:

Two young men, projectors of the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine, have recently come up to town from Oxford, and are now very intimate friends of mine. Their names are Morris and Jones. They have turned artists instead of taking up any other career to which the university generally leads, and both are men of real genius. Jones's designs are marvels of finish and imaginative detail, unequalled by anything unless perhaps Albert Dürer's finest works.

That summer Morris and Rossetti visited Oxford and finding the new Oxford Union debating-hall under construction, pursued a commission to paint the upper walls with scenes from Le Morte d'Arthur and to decorate the roof between the open timbers. Seven artists were recruited, among them Valentine Prinsep and Arthur Hughes, and the work was hastily begun. The frescoes, done too soon and too fast, began to fade at once and now are barely decipherable. Rossetti recruited two sisters, Bessie and Jane Burden, as models for the Oxford Union murals, and Jane became Morris's wife in 1859

The savage reaction of critics to Rossetti's first collection of poetry contributed to a mental breakdown in June 1872, and although he joined Jane at Kelmscott that September, he "spent his days in a haze of chloral and whisky" The next summer he was much improved, and both Alexa Wilding and Jane Morris sat to him at Kelmscott, where he created a soulful series of dream-like portraits.[26] In 1874, Morris reorganized his decorative arts firm, cutting Rossetti out of the business, and the polite fiction that both men were in residence with Jane at Kelmscott could not be maintained. Rossetti abruptly left Kelmscott in July 1874 and never returned. Toward the end of his life, he sank into a morbid state, darkened by his drug addiction to chloral hydrate and increasing mental instability. He spent his last years as a recluse at Cheyne Walk.

On Easter Sunday, 1882, he died at the country house of a friend, where he had gone in yet another vain attempt to recover his health, which had been destroyed by chloral as his wife's had been destroyed by laudanum. He is buried at Birchington-on-Sea, Kent, England. His grave is visited regularly by admirers of his life's work and achievements and this can be seen by fresh flowers placed there regularly.

[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 11Ko]
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (12 mai 1828 à Londres - 18 avril 1882 à Birchington-on-Sea, Kent) est un peintre, poète et écrivain britannique, frère de la poétesse Christina Rossetti. La vie privée de l'artiste fut profondément liée à son œuvre, surtout dans ses relations avec ses modèles et muses Elizabeth Siddal et Jane Burden. Biographie Fils d'un poè...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 6Ko]
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (* 12. Mai 1828 in London &dagger 9. April 1882 in Birchington-on-Sea, Kent) war als Poet und Maler gleichermaßen begabt. Er war wegen seiner dominierenden und charismatischen Persönlichkeit die treibende Kraft der Präraffaeliten, die die Reform der britischen Kunst als Ziel hatten. Er hielt wenig von Konventionen, und so v...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 11Ko]
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (Londra, 12 maggio 1828 - Birchington, 10 aprile 1882) è stato un pittore e poeta inglese, tra i fondatori del movimento artistico dei Preraffaelliti insieme a William Hunt, Ford Madox Brown e John Everett Millais.Si interessò sin dalla giovinezza a Dante ed ai poeti del Dolce Stil Novo, passione ereditata dai genitori, ma an...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 8Ko]
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (Londres, 12 de mayo de 1828 - Birchington-on-Sea, Kent, 10 de abril de 1882) fue un poeta, ilustrador, pintor y traductor inglés. Biografía Hijo de un erudito emigrado italiano, Gabriele Rossetti, D. G. Rossetti nació en Londres, Inglaterra y recibió el nombre de Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti. Su familia y amigos lo llamaba...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 11Ko]
Данте Габриэль Россетти (12 мая 1828 - 9 апреля 1882) был английский поэт, иллюстратор, художник и переводчик. Он основал прерафаэлитов братства в 1848 году с Уильямом Холман Хант и Джон Эверетт Милле, а затем был быть главным вдохновением для второго поколения художников и писателей под влиянием движения, в первую очередь Уильям Моррис и Эдвард Бе...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 1Ko]
但丁加百列罗塞蒂(1828年5月12日 - 1882年4月9日)是一位英国诗人,插画家,画家和翻译。他创办于1848年,拉斐尔前派兄弟与威廉霍尔曼亨特和约翰埃弗雷特米莱斯,后来被一个运动的影响,最显着的威廉莫里斯和爱德华伯恩 - 琼斯的艺术家和作家的第二代的主要灵感。他的作品影响了欧洲的象征主义,他也是一个审美运动的主要前体。 罗塞蒂的艺术特点是它的感性和中世纪复古。他早期的诗歌是由约翰济慈的影响。他后来的诗歌的特点是思想和感情的复杂的相互联系,尤其是在他的十四行诗序列,生活楼。诗歌和形象有着密切的缠绕在罗塞蒂的工作,他经常写十四行诗陪他的照片,从玛丽维尔京(1849)少女时代阿施塔特Syriaca(1877年),他最后完成的工程之一。 罗塞蒂的个人生活有密切联系到他的工作,尤其是他与他的模...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 4Ko]
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (12 de maio, 1828 - 9 de Abril 1882) foi um poeta Inglês, ilustrador, pintor e tradutor. Ele fundou a Irmandade pré-rafaelita em 1848 com William Holman Hunt e John Everett Millais, e foi mais tarde a ser a principal inspiração para uma segunda geração de artistas e escritores influenciados pelo movimento, mais notavelmente W...
[Biography - Dante Gabriel Rossetti - 11Ko]
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