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Portfolio Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. The complete works. (790: Chalk, Charcoal, Drawing, Etching, Glass, Illustration, Ink, Lithography, Oil, Oil On Canvas, Oil On Panel, Painting, Paper, Pastel, Pen, Pencil, Watercolour)

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  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Five Bathing Women at a Lake
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Self-Portrait with a Model
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - The Red Tower at Halle
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Women in the street
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Street Scene in Berlin
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - The Drinker (self-portrait)
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Portrait of Hans Frisch
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - The Judgement of Paris
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Five Women on the Street
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Two Women in a Cafe
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Female Artist
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Davos in Summer
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - The Klosters mountain
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Berlin Street Scene
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Room in the tower; Portrait with Erna
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Dancing Mary Wigman
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - The Red Tower in Halle
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Moderne Bohème
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Alpleben, Triptychon
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Der Bert. Weißfluh und Schafgrind
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Otto Mueller with Pipe
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Fränzi vor geschnitztem Stuhl
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Coffee Drinking Women
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Portrait of Gerda
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Rote Kokotte
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - A Group of Artists. Otto Mueller, Kirchner, Heckel, Schmidt-Rottluff
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - Sledge in the Fog
All 790 Artworks from Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis and in 1937 over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938 he committed suicide.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria. In 1901, he began studying architecture at the Königliche Technische Hochschule (technical university) of Dresden. The institution provided a wide range of studies in addition to architecture, such as freehand drawing, perspective drawing and the historical study of art. He became close friends there with Fritz Bleyl, whom he met during the first term. They discussed art together and also studied nature, having a radical outlook in common. Kirchner continued studies in Munich 1903–1904, returning to Dresden in 1905 to complete his degree.

In 1905, Kirchner, along with Bleyl and two other architecture students, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Erich Heckel, founded the artists group Die Brücke ("The Bridge"). From then on, he committed himself to art. The group aimed to eschew the prevalent traditional academic style and find a new mode of artistic expression, which would form a bridge (hence the name) between the past and the present. They responded both to past artists such as Albrecht Dürer, Matthias Grünewald and Lucas Cranach the Elder, as well as contemporary international avant-garde movements. As part of the affirmation of their national heritage, they revived older media, particularly woodcut prints.

Their group was one of the seminal ones, which in due course had a major impact on the evolution of modern art in the 20th century and created the style of Expressionism.

Kirchner's studio became a venue which overthrew social conventions to allow casual love-making and frequent nudity. Group life-drawing sessions took place using models from the social circle, rather than professionals, and choosing quarter-hour poses to encourage spontaneity. Bleyl described one such model, Isabella, a fifteen-year-old girl from the neighbourhood, as "a very lively, beautifully built, joyous individual, without any deformation caused by the silly fashion of the corset and completely suitable to our artistic demands, especially in the blossoming condition of her girlish buds."

The group composed a manifesto (mostly Kirchner's work), which was carved on wood and asserted a new generation, "who want freedom in our work and in our lives, independence from older, established forces."

In September and October 1906, the first group exhibition was held, focused on the female nude, in the showroom of K.F.M. Seifert and Co. in Dresden.

In 1906, he met Doris Große, who was his favoured model until 1911. Between 1907 and 1911, he stayed during the summer at the Moritzburg lakes and on the island of Fehmarn (which he revisited until 1914) with other Brücke members; his work featured the female nude in natural settings. In 1911, he moved to Berlin, where he founded a private art school, MIUM-Institut, in collaboration with Max Pechstein with the aim of promulgating "Moderner Unterricht im Malen" (modern teaching of painting). This was not a success and closed the following year, when he also began a relationship with Erna Schilling that lasted the rest of his life.

In 1913, his writing of Chronik der Brücke (Brücke chronicle) led to the ending of the group. At this time, he established an individual identity with his first solo exhibition, which took place at the Essen Folkwang Museum. During the next two years, he painted a series of "Großstadtbilder" (metropole pictures) showing the streets of Berlin, with the central characters of street walkers.

At the onset of the First World War in September 1914, Kirchner volunteered for military service, but suffered a nervous breakdown in 1915 and was discharged, recovering for the next two years in sanatoriums in Taunus and Davos, Switzerland.

In a self portrait in 1915, he depicted himself with an amputated hand (this did not actually happen). In 1918, he settled in Davos, living in a farm house in the Alps; from this time onwards his main subject matter was mountain scenes. On 3 July 1919, he wrote in a letter from Davos, "Dear Van de Velde writes today that I ought to return to modern life. For me this is out of the question. Nor do I regret it.... The delights the world affords are the same everywhere, differing only in their outer forms. Here one learns how to see further and go deeper than in 'modern' life, which is generally so very much more superficial despite its wealth of outer forms."

His reputation grew with several exhibitions in Germany and Switzerland in 1920. In 1923, he moved to Frauenkirch-Wildboden. The art gallery in Basel staged a substantial exhibition, which led to the foundation of the "Rot-Blau" (red and blue) artists association by Swiss painters, Paul Camenisch, Albert Müller and Hermann Scherer. Kirchner made his final visit to Germany 1925–1926. His reputation grew through the rest of the decade with a monograph and the first part of a catalogue raisonné of his graphics in 1926, a mural commission by the Folkwang museum in 1927, and a presence at the Venice Biennale in 1928; he became a member of the Prussian Academy of Arts in 1931.

In 1933, Kirchner was labelled a "degenerate artist" by the Nazis and asked for his resignation from the Berlin Academy of Arts; in 1937, over 600 of his works were confiscated from public museums in Germany and were sold or destroyed. In 1938, the psychological trauma of these events, along with the Nazi occupation of Austria, close to his home, led to his suicide.

In 1913, the first public showing of Kirchner's work took place at the Armory Show, which was also the first major display of modern art in America. In 1921, U.S. museums began to acquire his work and did so increasingly thereafter. His first solo museum show in the US was at the Detroit Institute of Arts in 1937. In 1992, the National Gallery of Art, Washington, held a monographic show, using its existing collection; a major international loan exhibition took place in 2003. In November 2006 at Christie's, Kirchner's Street Scene, Berlin (1913) fetched $38 million, a record for the artist. In 2008 (August 3 - November 10), the Museum of Modern Art in New York held a major exhibition that "probably comprises the very best of his oeuvre."
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 8Ko]
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, né le 6 mai 1880 à Aschaffenburg, en Bavière et mort le 15 juin 1938 à Frauenkirch, près de Davos en Suisse, est un peintre expressionniste allemand et l'un des fondateurs de l’association Die Brücke. Ernst Kirchner étudie l'architecture à l'École supérieure technique de Dresde, où il rencontre, dans un premier temps, Fritz B...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 5Ko]
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6. Mai 1880 - 15. Juni 1938) war ein deutscher expressionistischer Maler und Grafiker und einer der Gründer der Künstlergruppe Die Brücke oder "The Bridge", eine wichtige Gruppe, die zu der Gründung des Expressionismus in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts. Er meldete sich freiwillig zum Dienst in der Armee im Ersten Weltkrieg, a...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 9Ko]
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 maggio 1880 - 15 giugno 1938) è stato un pittore espressionista tedesco e incisore e uno dei fondatori del gruppo di artisti Die Brücke o "The Bridge", un gruppo chiave che porta alla fondazione di espressionismo nell'arte del 20 ° secolo. Si è offerto volontario per il servizio militare nella prima guerra mondiale, ma ...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 9Ko]
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 mayo 1880 hasta 15 junio 1938) fue un pintor expresionista alemán y artista gráfico y uno de los fundadores del grupo de artistas Die Brücke o "El Puente", un grupo clave que conduce a la fundación del expresionismo en el arte del siglo 20. Se ofreció como voluntario para el servicio militar en la Primera Guerra Mundial, pe...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 9Ko]
Эрнст Людвиг Кирхнер (6 мая 1880 - 15 июня 1938) был немецкий экспрессионист живописец и гравер, один из основателей группы художников Die Brücke или "The Bridge", ключевая группа ведущих к созданию экспрессионизма в 20 веке искусство. Он вызвался для службы в армии в Первой мировой войне, но вскоре перенес расстройство и был уволен. В 1933 году ег...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 8Ko]
恩斯特· 路德维希· 基什内尔(1880年5月6日 - 1938年6月15日)是德国表现主义画家和版画家和艺术家组模具Brücke或“桥”,通往20世纪的艺术表现在基础的一个关键组的创始人之一。在第一次世界大战中,他自愿为军队服务,但很快就遭遇了故障,并已出院。在1933年,他的作品被命名为“堕落”,纳粹在1937年超过600,他的作品被出售或销毁。他在1938年自杀身亡。 恩斯特· 路德维希· 基希纳出生在巴伐利亚州的阿沙芬堡,。在1901年,他开始在德累斯顿KöniglicheTechnische Hochschule的(技术大学)学习建筑。该机构提供广泛的研究,除了建筑,如写意画,透视图和艺术史研究。他成了亲密的朋友那里与弗里茨Bleyl...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 4Ko]
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (Aschaffenburg, 1880- Davos, Suíça, 1938) foi um pintor expressionista alemão. Foi um dos fundadores do grupo de pintura expressionista Die Brücke. Influenciado pelo cubismo e fauvismo, o pintor alemão deu formas geométricas às cores e despojou-as de sua função decorativa por meio de contrastes agressivos, com o fim de manifes...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 4Ko]
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 de maio de 1880 - 15 Junho 1938) foi um pintor expressionista alemão e gravurista e um dos fundadores do grupo de artistas Die Brücke ou "The Bridge", um grupo-chave levando à fundação do Expressionismo na arte do século 20. Ele ofereceu-se para o serviço militar na Primeira Guerra Mundial, mas logo sofreu um colapso e foi ...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 9Ko]
エルンスト· ルードヴィッヒ· キルヒナー(1880年5月6日 - 1938年6月15日)はドイツ表現主義の画家と版画家や芸術家グループダイブリュッケや "ブリッジ"、20世紀美術における表現主義の基盤につながるキー· グループの創設者の一人だった。彼は第一次世界大戦での兵役を志願したが、すぐに分解を受け、退院した。 1933年に、彼の作品はナチスによって "退化"の烙印を押され、1937年に彼の作品は600以上を販売したり、破壊されました。 1938年に彼が自殺した。 エルンスト· ルードヴィッヒ· キルヒナーは、Aschaffenburg、バイエルン自由州に生まれました。 1901年に、彼はドレスデンのKönigliche工科音...
[Biography - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner - 5Ko]
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