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Portfolio Franz Xaver Winterhalter. The complete works. (252: Oil, Oil On Canvas, Watercolour)

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  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Florinda
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Maximilian I of Mexico
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Helene Louise Elizabeth de Mecklembourg Schwerin, Duchess D'Orleans with Prince Louis Philippe Albert D'Orleans, Comte de Paris
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Empress Eugenie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Elisabeth Kaiserin von Österreich
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Young Italian Girl by the Well
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Madame Barbe de Rimsky-Korsakov
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Maximilian
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Pincess Clothilde von Saxen Coburg
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - The Empress Eugénie
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Louises von Orléans
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Princess Alice
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Eugenie, Empress of the French
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Louis Philippe
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - The Royal Family in 1846
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Empress Eugenie
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Il dolce far niente
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Madame Ackerman, the wife of the Chief Finance Minister of King Louis Philippe
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - A Young Girl called Princess Charlotte
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Eugénie de Montijo, Empress of France
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Prince Albert
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Emperor Napoleon III
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Countess Alexander Nikolaevitch Lamsdorff
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Florinda
  • Franz Xaver Winterhalter - Portrait of Leopold I of Belgium
All 252 Artworks from Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Franz Xaver Winterhalter (20 April 1805 – 8 July 1873) was a German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty in the mid-nineteenth century. His name has become associated with fashionable court portraiture. Among his best known works are Empress Eugénie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting (1855) and the portraits he made of Empress Elisabeth of Austria (1865).

Franz Xaver Winterhalter was born in the small village of Menzenschwand (now part of St. Blasien) in the Black Forest, Grand-Duchy of Baden on 20 April 1805. He was the sixth child of Fidel Winterhalter (1773–1863), a farmer and resin producer in the village, and his wife Eva Meyer (1765–1838), a member of a long established Menzenschwand family. His father was of peasant stock and was a powerful influence in his life. Of the eight brothers and sisters, only four survived infancy. Throughout his life, Franz Xaver remained very close to his family in particular to his brother Hermann (1808–1891), who was also a painter.

After attending school at a Benedictine monastery in St.Blasien, Winterhalter left Menzenschwand in 1818 at the age of thirteen to study drawing and engraving. He trained as a draughtsman and lithographer in the workshop of Karl Ludwig Schüler (1785–1852) in Freiburg. In 1823, at the age of eighteen, he went to Munich, sponsored by the industrialist Baron von Eichtal (1775–1850). In 1825, he was granted a stipend by Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden (1763–1830) and began a course of study at the Academy of Arts in Munich with Peter von Cornelius (1783–1867), whose academic methods made him uncomfortable. Winterhalter found a more congenial mentor in the fashionable portraitist Joseph Stieler (1781–1858). During this time, he supported himself working as lithographer.

Winterhalter entered court circles when in 1828 he became drawing master to Sophie Margravine of Baden, at Karlsruhe. His opportunity to establish himself beyond southern Germany came in 1832 when he was able to travel to Italy, 1833–1834, with the support of Grand Duke Leopold of Baden. In Rome he composed romantic genre scenes in the manner of Louis-Leopold Robert and attached himself to the circle of the director of the French Academy, Horace Vernet. On his return to Karlsruhe, he painted the portraits of the Grand Duke Leopold of Baden and his wife, and was appointed painter to the grand-ducal court.

Nevertheless, he left Baden to move to France where his Italian genre scene Il dolce Farniente attracted notice at the Salon of 1836. Il Decameron a year later was also praised; both paintings are academic compositions in the style of Raphael. In the Salon of 1838 he exhibited a portrait of the Prince of Wagram with his young daughter. His career as a portrait painter was soon secured when in the same year he painted Louise Marie of Orleans, Queen of the Belgians, and her son, Duc de Brabant. It was probably through this painting that Winterhalter came to the notice of Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies Queen of the French, mother of the Queen of the Belgians.

To deal with the pressure of portrait commissions, many of them calling for multiple replicas, Winterhalter made extensive use of assistants. No portrait painter ever enjoyed such an extraordinary royal patronage as Winterhalter; only Rubens and Van Dyck worked as he did in an international network.

Winterhalter sought respite from the pressures of his work with holidays abroad in Italy, Switzerland and above all in Germany. Despite the many years he lived in France, he remained deeply attached to his native country. For all his success and popularity, Winterhalter continued to live simply and abstemiously. In 1859 he bought a villa in Baden-Baden, his favorite vacation spot.

In 1864 Winterhalter made his last visit to England. In the autumn of that year he traveled to Vienna to execute the portraits of Emperor Franz Joseph and Empress Elisabeth that remain among his most well-known works. As he grew older, Winterhalter's links with France weakened while his interest in Germany grew. He was taking a cure in Switzerland at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, the war that ended the Second French Empire in September 1870. After the war, the painter did not return to France going instead to Baden. He was officially still accredited at the court of Baden and he settled in Karlsruhe. In the last two years of his life Winterhalter painted very little. During a visit to Frankfurt am Main in the summer of 1873 he contracted typhus and died on 8 July 1873. He was sixty-eight years old.

Winterhalter came into his own as a portrait painter during the second Empire and he painted his best work during the last two decades of his life. He matched his style to the luxury and relaxed atmosphere of the age, its hedonism and gaiety. His female sitters of the 1850s and 1860s inhabit a different physiological climate from those he painted earlier; they are not reticent and reserved. His male sitters inspired few original or memorable compositions.

Winterhalter never received high praise for his work from serious critics, being constantly accused of superficiality and affectation in pursue of popularity. However, he was highly appreciated by his aristocratic patrons. The royal families of England, France, Spain, Russia, Portugal, Mexico and Belgium all commissioned him to paint portraits. His monumental canvases established a substantial popular reputation, and lithographic copies of the portraits helped to spread his fame.

Winterhalter's portraits were prized for their subtle intimacy; the nature of his appeal is not difficult to explain. He created the image his sitters wished or needed to project to their subjects. He was not only skilled at posing his sitters to create almost theatrical compositions, but also was a virtuoso in the art of conveying the texture of fabrics, furs and jewellery, to which he paid no less attention than to the face. He painted very rapidly and very fluently, designing most of his compositions directly in the canvas. His portraits are elegant, refined, life-like, and pleasantly idealized.

Concerning Winterhalter’s method of working, it is thought that, practised as he was at drawing and representing figures, he painted directly onto the canvas without making preliminary studies. He frequently decided upon the dress and pose of the sitter. His style was suave, cosmopolitan and plausible. Many of the portraits were copied in his workshop or reproduced as lithographs.

As an artist he remained a difficult figure to place, there are few painters with whom to compare him and he does not fit into any school. His early affinities were Neoclassical but his style can be described as Neo-Rococo. After his death, his painting fell out of favor being considered romantic, glossy, and superficial. Little was known about him personally and his art was not taken seriously until recently. However, a major exhibition of his work at the National Portrait Gallery (United Kingdom) in London and the Petit Palais in Paris in 1987 brought him into the limelight again. His paintings are exhibited today in leading European and American museums.

[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 9Ko]
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (Menzenschwand, grand-duché de Bade, le 20 avril 1805 - Francfort-sur-le-Main, Hesse-Nassau, 8 juillet 1873) est un peintre académique et lithographe allemand.Il fut le portraitiste attitré du gotha européen de son époque. Né en Forêt-Noire dans le grand-duché de Bade, après avoir étudié la gravure chez son oncle à Fribourg...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 5Ko]
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (* 20. April 1805 in Menzenschwand im Schwarzwald &dagger 8. Juli 1873 in Frankfurt am Main) war ein deutscher Porträtmaler und Lithograf. Winterhalter war eines von neun Geschwistern, von denen aber nur fünf das Kindesalter überlebten. Nach dem Besuch der Klosterschule des Benediktinerstiftes St. Blasien erlernte er von ...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 6Ko]
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (Menzenschwand, 20 aprile 1805 - Francoforte sul Meno, 8 luglio 1873) è stato un pittore e litografo tedesco. Operò in numerose corti europee, quali Karlsruhe, Parigi, Londra, Praga e Mosca, eseguendo grandiosi ritratti di regnanti, come quello per re Luigi Filippo di Francia del 1839 a Versailles) o quello per la regina Vi...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 2Ko]
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (Menzenschwand, 20 de abril de 1805 - Fráncfort del Meno, 8 de julio de 1873) fue un pintor y litógrafo alemán especialmente conocido por sus retratos de la realeza realizados a mediados del siglo XIX. Entre sus obras más conocidas se cuentan La Emperatriz Eugenia rodeada de sus damas de compañía (1855) y los retratos hecho...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 11Ko]
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (Menzenschwand, 20 de abril de 1805 - Fráncfort del Meno, 8 de julio de 1873) fue un pintor y litógrafo alemán especialmente conocido por sus retratos de la realeza realizados a mediados del siglo XIX. Entre sus obras más conocidas se cuentan La Emperatriz Eugenia rodeada de sus damas de compañía (1855) y los retratos hecho...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 11Ko]
Франц Ксавер Винтерхальтер (20 апреля 1805 - 8 июля 1873) был немецкий живописец и литограф, известный своими портретами роялти в середине девятнадцатого века. Его имя стало ассоциироваться с модной портрета суд. Среди наиболее известных его работ императрицы Евгении Окруженный ее фрейлин (1855) и портретах он сделал императрицы Елизаветы Австрийск...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 8Ko]
弗朗茨克萨韦尔温特(1805年4月20日 - 7月8日1873)是德国画家,平版,在十九世纪中叶,他的肖像版税。他的名字已成为时尚法院肖像。 Eugenie皇后在他最知名的作品是由她的女士们包围在等待(1855年)和他的奥地利皇后伊丽莎白(1865年)的画像。 弗朗茨克萨韦尔温特出生在1805年4月20日,巴登大公国Menzenschwand(现在圣Blasien的一部分)在黑森林的小村庄。他是菲德尔温特(1773年至1863年),在村里的农民和树脂生产商,和他的妻子伊娃迈尔(1765年至1838年),一个历史悠久的Menzenschwand家庭成员的第六个孩子。他的父亲是农民的股票,并在他的生活中是一个强大的影响力。在8个兄弟姐妹中,只有四个存活处于起步阶段。纵观他的一生,弗朗茨克萨韦尔仍...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 4Ko]
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (20 de abril de 1805 - 8 de Julho 1873) foi um pintor e litógrafo alemão, conhecido por seus retratos da realeza, em meados do século XIX. Seu nome tornou-se associado com o retrato tribunal moda. Entre suas obras mais conhecidas são a Imperatriz Eugénie Cercado por seus Ladies in Waiting (1855) e os retratos que fez da Imp...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 9Ko]
フランツクサヴァーヴィンターハルター(1805年4月20日 - 1873年7月8日)は19世紀半ばにロイヤリティの彼の肖像画で知られる、ドイツの画家と石版だった。彼の名前は、ファッショナブルな裁判所の肖像画に関連付けられているとなっています。彼の最も有名な作品の中で皇后ウジェニーは、彼女の待機中の女性(1855年)と、彼はオーストリアの皇后エリザベート(1865年)製の肖像画に囲まれています。 フランツクサヴァーヴィンターハルターは1805年4月20日に黒の森でMenzenschwand(現在は聖Blasienの一部)、バーデンの大公の小さな村で生まれた。彼はフィデルヴィンターハルター(1773年〜1863年)、村の農民と樹脂プロデューサー、そして彼の妻エヴァマイヤー(1765年〜1838年...
[Biography - Franz Xaver Winterhalter - 5Ko]
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