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Portfolio Gustave Courbet. The complete works. (522: Chalk, Charcoal, Crayon, Drawing, Graphite, Oil, Oil On Canvas, Oil On Panel, Painting)

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  • Gustave Courbet - The origin of the world
  • Gustave Courbet - Woman with a Parrot
  • Gustave Courbet - The Hunt Breakfast
  • Gustave Courbet - Paysage Guyere
  • Gustave Courbet - Chateau du Chillon
  • Gustave Courbet - Portrait of Charles Baudelaire
  • Gustave Courbet - Woman with white stockings, ca Barnes foundati
  • Gustave Courbet - Three Red Apples
  • Gustave Courbet - After Dinner at Ornans
  • Gustave Courbet - 705px-L%27Origine du monde
  • Gustave Courbet - A Burial at Ornans
  • Gustave Courbet - The German Huntsman
  • Gustave Courbet - The River Plaisir Fontaine
  • Gustave Courbet - The Wounded Man
  • Gustave Courbet - The Source of the Loue
  • Gustave Courbet - The Trellis (also known as Young Woman Arranging Flowers)
  • Gustave Courbet - Head of a Woman with Flowers
  • Gustave Courbet - The Forest in Autumn
  • Gustave Courbet - Self-Portrait with a Black Dog
  • Gustave Courbet - The Wheat Sifters
  • Gustave Courbet - The Oak of Flagey (The Oak of Vercingetorix)
  • Gustave Courbet - Still Life Fruit
  • Gustave Courbet - The Ornans Paper Mill
  • Gustave Courbet - Pierre Joseph Proudhon and his children in 1853
  • Gustave Courbet - Horse in the Woods
  • Gustave Courbet - The Artist’s Studio
  • Gustave Courbet - The Woman in the Waves (The Bather)
  • Gustave Courbet - Sunset on Lake Leman
All 522 Artworks from Gustave Courbet

Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819–31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. The Realist movement bridged the Romantic movement (characterized by the paintings of Théodore Géricault and Eugène Delacroix), with the Barbizon School and the Impressionists. Courbet occupies an important place in 19th century French painting as an innovator and as an artist willing to make bold social commentary in his work.

“ I am fifty years old and I have always lived in freedom; let me end my life free; when I am dead let this be said of me: 'He belonged to no school, to no church, to no institution, to no academy, least of all to any régime except the régime of liberty. ”

Plage de Normandie. (c. 1872/1875). Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art.Courbet was a painter of figurative compositions, landscapes, seascapes, and still-lifes. He courted controversy by addressing social issues in his work, and by painting subjects that were considered vulgar: the rural bourgeoisie and peasantry, and the working conditions of the poor. His work belonged neither to the predominant Romantic nor Neoclassical schools. History painting, which the Paris Salon esteemed as a painter's highest calling, did not interest Courbet, who stated that "the artists of one century basically incapable of reproducing the aspect of a past or future century ..." Instead, he believed that the only possible source for a living art is the artist's own experience.

His work, along with the work of Honoré Daumier and Jean-François Millet, became known as Realism. For Courbet realism dealt not with the perfection of line and form, but entailed spontaneous and rough handling of paint, suggesting direct observation by the artist while portraying the irregularities in nature. He depicted the harshness in life, and in so doing, challenged contemporary academic ideas of art.


Courbet was born in 1819 to Régis and Sylvie Oudot Courbet in Ornans (Doubs). Though a prosperous farming family, anti-monarchical feelings prevailed in the household. (His maternal grandfather fought in the French Revolution.) Courbet's sisters, Zoé, Zélie and Juliette, were his first models for drawing and painting. After moving to Paris he returned home to Ornans often to hunt, fish and find inspiration.

He went to Paris in 1839, and worked at the studio of Steuben and Hesse. An independent spirit, he soon left, preferring to develop his own style by studying Spanish, Flemish and French painters and painting copies of their work.

Self-portrait (The Desperate Man), c. 1843–1845 (Private collection)His first works were an Odalisque, suggested by the writing of Victor Hugo, and a Lélia, illustrating George Sand, but he soon abandoned literary influences for the study of real life. Among his paintings of the early 1840s are several self-portraits, Romantic in conception, in which the artist portrayed himself in various roles. These include the Self-Portrait with Black Dog (c. 1842–1844, accepted for exhibition at the Paris Salon of 1844), the theatrical Self-Portrait, also known as Desperate Man (c. 1843–45), Lovers in the Countryside (1844, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon), The Sculptor (1845), The Wounded Man (1844–1854, Musée d'Orsay, Paris), The Cellist, Self-Portrait (1847, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, shown at the Salon of 1848), and The Man with a Pipe (c. 1848–1849, Musée d'Orsay, Paris).

Trips to the Netherlands and Belgium in 1846–1847 strengthened Courbet's belief that painters should portray the life around them, as Rembrandt, Hals, and the other Dutch masters had done. By 1848, he had gained supporters among the younger critics, the Neo-romantics and Realists, notably Champfleury. Courbet achieved greater recognition after the success of his painting After Dinner at Ornans at the Salon of 1849. This work, reminiscent of Chardin and Le Nain, earned Courbet a gold medal and was purchased by the state. The gold medal meant that his works would no longer require jury approval for exhibition at the Salon (an exemption Courbet enjoyed until 1857, when this rule was changed).

In 1849 Courbet painted Stone-Breakers (destroyed in the British bombing of Dresden in 1945), which was admired by Proudhon as an icon of peasant life, and has been called "the first of his great works". Courbet was inspired by a scene witnessed on the roadside, as he explained to Champfleury and the writer Francis Wey: "It is not often that one encounters so complete an expression of poverty and so, right then and there I got the idea for a painting. I told them to come to my studio the next morning."

[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 7Ko]
Gustave Courbet (10 juin 1819 à Ornans, près de Besançon, Doubs - 31 décembre 1877 à La Tour-de-Peilz en Suisse) est un peintre français du XIXe siècle, chef de file du courant réaliste. Engagé dans les mouvements politiques de son temps, il a été l'un des élus de la Commune de 1871. Biographie Enfance et apprentissage Gustave Courbet est issu d’un...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 1Ko]
Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (* 10. Juni 1819 in Ornans bei Besançon † 31. Dezember 1877 in La-Tour-de-Peilz/Schweiz) war ein französischer Maler des Realismus. Courbet wuchs in einer gutbürgerlichen Familie im ostfranzösischen Jura auf. Auf Wunsch seiner Eltern studierte er ab 1837 Jura auf dem Collège Royal in Besançon, doch widmete er sich schne...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 7Ko]
Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (Ornans, 10 giugno 1819 – La Tour-de-Peilz, 31 dicembre 1877) è stato un pittore francese, il più rappresentativo del movimento realista francese del XIX secolo. Conosciuto soprattutto come il Sergyi del momento (e accreditato anche dell'invenzione del termine stesso), Courbet è pittore di composizioni figurative, paesag...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 8Ko]
Gustave Courbet, (Ornans, Francia, 10 de junio de 1819 – La Tour-de-Peilz, Suiza, 31 de diciembre de 1877) fue un pintor francés, fundador y máximo representante del realismo, y comprometido activista democrático, republicano, cercano al socialismo revolucionario. Nació en un pueblo próximo a Besançon, en el Doubs alemán, cuyo paisaje refleja en su...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 6Ko]
Жан Дезире́ Гюста́в Курбе́ (фр. Gustave Courbet 10 июня 1819, Орнан — 31 декабря 1877, Ла Тур-де-Пей, Во, Швейцария) — французский живописец, пейзажист, жанрист и портретист. Считается одним из завершителей романтизма и основателей реализма в живописи. Один из крупнейших художников Франции на протяжении XIX века, ключевая фигура французского реали...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 7Ko]
古斯塔夫·库尔贝(Gustave Courbet) 1819年6月10日 - 1877年12月31日) 是法国著名画家,现实主义画派的创始人。主张艺术应以现实为依据,反对粉饰生活,他的名言是:“我不会画天使,因为我从来没有见过他们。” 库尔贝出生于法国东部紧挨瑞士的杜省,父亲是一位农场主,1839年他到巴黎学习法律,常到卢浮宫观摩大师们的绘画,在父亲的支持下改学绘画,先在斯特本和海森画室学习,但不久离开,自行以临摹大师们的作品学习。 1849年,他回到家乡,创作了《碎石工》、《奥南的葬礼》等如实反映生活的作品,成为现实主义艺术的领导人,他坚决反对旧的传统观念和习俗,成为背叛传统画派的新一代艺术家的领袖。他还创作了许多著名的风景画,并写作了散文和政论文,呼吁民主和自由。1856年,他访问德国,...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 2Ko]
Gustavo Courbet (Ornans, 10 de junho de 1819 — La Tour-de-Peilz, 31 de dezembro de 1877) foi um pintor francês. Foi acima de tudo um pintor da vida camponesa de sua região. Ergueu a bandeira do realismo contra a pintura literária ou de imaginação. Courbet nasceu numa família de camponeses abastados na França, região do Franco-Condado. Teve algumas ...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 4Ko]
ギュスターヴ・クールベ(クルベ) (Gustave Courbet, 1819年6月10日 - 1877年12月31日) は、フランスの写実主義の画家。 今ではクールベの代表作とされている、大作『オルナンの埋葬』も、発表当時の評判はさんざんであった。この絵にクールベが付けた題名は『オルナンの埋葬に関する歴史画』というものだった。当時のフランスの人々にとって「歴史画」とは、古代の神々、殉教者、英雄、帝王などを理想化された姿で描いた格調高い絵画のことであった。これに対し、オルナンという、山奥の田舎町の葬式に集まった名もない人々という主題を、まるで歴史上の大事件のように扱い、このような巨大な画面(縦約3.1メートル、横約6.6メートル)に表して「歴史画」と称するのは当時としては常識はずれのことだっ...
[Biography - Gustave Courbet - 2Ko]
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