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Portfolio Hieronymus Bosch. The complete works. (391: Brush, Drawing, Grisaille, Ink, Oil, Oil On Panel, Panel, Paper, Pen, Pencil, Tempera, Wash)

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  • Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of Garden of Earthly Delights
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Last Judgement (detail)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of Temptation of St Anthony
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Ship of Fools
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Garden of Earthly Delights
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Temptation of St. Anthony (detail)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Death and the Miser
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Garden of Earthly Delights (detail)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of Last Judgement (central panel)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Haywain
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of Last Judgement (left wing)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of Garden of Earthly Delights (right wing)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Temptation of St. Anthony (detail)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Tiptych of Temptation of St Anthony
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of Last Judgement (right wing)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Christ Carrying the Cross1
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Garden of Earthly Delights central panel of the triptych
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Concert in the Egg
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Epiphany
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Garden of Earthly Delights (detail) (9)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The temptation of St. Anthony
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Ecce Homo1
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Garden of Earthly Delights (detail)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - Haywain (detail)
  • Hieronymus Bosch - The Adoration of the Magi
All 391 Artworks from Hieronymus Bosch

Hieronymus Bosch (English pronunciation: born Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken c. 1450 – August 9, 1516) was an Early Netherlandish painter of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The artist's work is well-known for the use of fantastic imagery to illustrate moral and religious concepts and narratives.


Hieronymus Bosch was born Hieronymus (or Jeroen, respectively the Latin and not Middle Dutch form of the name "Jerome") van Aken (meaning "from Aachen"). He signed a number of his paintings as Bosch (pronounced Boss in Middle Dutch). The name derives from his birthplace, 's-Hertogenbosch, which is commonly called "Den Bosch".

Little is known of Bosch’s life or training. He left behind no letters or diaries, and what has been identified has been taken from brief references to him in the municipal records of 's-Hertogenbosch, and in the account books of the local order of the Brotherhood of Our Lady. Nothing is known of his personality or his thoughts on the meaning of his art. Bosch’s date of birth has not been determined with certainty. It is estimated at c. 1450 on the basis of a hand drawn portrait (which may be a self-portrait) made shortly before his death in 1516. The drawing shows the artist at an advanced age, probably in his late sixties.

Detail from The Temptation of St. AnthonyBosch was born and lived all his life in and near ‘s-Hertogenbosch, the capital of the Duchy of Brabant. His grandfather, Jan van Aken (died 1454), was a painter and is first mentioned in the records in 1430. It is known that Jan had five sons, four of whom were also painters. Bosch’s father, Anthonius van Aken (died c. 1478) acted as artistic adviser to the Brotherhood of Our Lady. It is generally assumed that either Bosch’s father or one of his uncles taught the artist to paint, however none of their works survives. Bosch first appears in the municipal record in 1474, when he is named along with two brothers and a sister.

's-Hertogenbosch was a flourishing city in fifteenth century Brabant, in the south of the present-day Netherlands at the time part of Spain . In 1463, 4,000 houses in the town were destroyed by a catastrophic fire, which the then (approximately) 13-year-old Bosch may have witnessed. He became a popular painter in his lifetime and often received commissions from abroad. In 1488 he joined the highly respected Brotherhood of Our Lady, an arch-conservative religious group of some 40 influential citizens of 's-Hertogenbosch, and 7,000 'outer-members' from around Europe.

Some time between 1479 and 1481, Bosch married Aleyt Goyaerts van den Meerveen, who was a few years older than the artist. The couple moved to the nearby town of Oirschot, where his wife had inherited a house and land, from her wealthy family.

An entry in the accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady records Bosch’s death in 1516. A funeral mass served in his memory was held in the church of Saint John on 9 August of that year.

The Garden of Earthly Delights is Bosch's most widely known triptychBosch produced several triptychs. Among his most famous is the so-called The Garden of Earthly Delights. This painting, for which the original title has not survived, depicts paradise with Adam and Eve and many wondrous animals on the left panel, the earthly delights with numerous nude figures and tremendous fruit and birds on the middle panel, and hell with depictions of fantastic punishments of the various types of sinners on the right panel. When the exterior panels are closed the viewer can see, painted in grisaille, God creating the Earth. These paintings—especially the Hell panel—are painted in a comparatively sketchy manner which contrasts with the traditional Flemish style of paintings, where the smooth surface—achieved by the application of multiple transparent glazes—conceals the brushwork. In this painting, and more powerfully in works such as his Temptation of St. Anthony (Lisbon), Bosch draws with his brush. Not surprisingly, Bosch is also one of the most revolutionary draftsmen in the history of art, producing some of the first autonomous sketches in Northern Europe.

Bosch never dated his paintings. But—unusual for the time—he seems to have signed several of them (other signatures are certainly not his). Fewer than 25 paintings remain today that can be attributed to him. In the late sixteenth-century, Philip II of Spain acquired many of Bosch's paintings, including some probably commissioned and collected by Spaniards active in Bosch's hometown; as a result, the Prado Museum in Madrid now owns The Garden of Earthly Delights, the circular tabletop of The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things, the The Haywain Triptych and The Stone Operation.

[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 7Ko]
Hieronymus van Aken, dit Jérôme Bosch (Bois-le-Duc - ‘s-Hertogenbosch en néerlandais, d'où son pseudonyme -, v. 1453 - v. 1516), est un peintre néerlandais d'origine allemande. Biographie détail du Portement de croixJérôme Bosch est né vers 1450 à Bois-le-Duc ('s-Hertogenbosch), d'une famille modeste originaire d'Aix-la-Chapelle (van Aken = d'Aix-l...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 5Ko]
Hieronymus Bosch [ɦijeːˈɾoːnimʏs ˈbɔs] (eigentlich Jheronimus van Aken [jeɪˈɾoːnimʏs vɑn ˈaːkə(n)] * um 1450 in ’s-Hertogenbosch † August 1516 ebenda) war ein niederländischer Maler des ausgehenden Mittelalters an der Schwelle zur Neuzeit. Er hat ein bis heute faszinierendes und nachwirkendes Gesamtwerk hinterlassen, das sich in der Interpretatio...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 12Ko]
Hieronymus Bosch (/ɦijeːˈɾoːnimʏs bɔs/), nome d'arte di Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken (/jəˈrun ɑnˈtoːnɪsoːn vɑn ˈaːkə(n)/) ('s Hertogenbosch, 2 ottobre 1453 – 's Hertogenbosch, 9 agosto 1516) è stato un pittore olandese. Firmò alcuni dei suoi dipinti con Bosch (pronunciato come Boss in olandese). In spagnolo viene spesso chiamato El Bosco in italia...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 15Ko]
Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aeken, conocido como El Bosco o Jerónimo Bosch (Bolduque, h. 1450 - agosto de 1516) fue un pintor neerlandés. Protagonista de sus cuadros es la Humanidad que incurre en el pecado y es condenada al infierno la única vía que parece sugerir el artista para redimirse se encuentra en las tablas con vidas de santos, cuyas vidas d...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 10Ko]
Еру́н Анто́нисон ван А́кен (нидерл. Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken [jəˈrun ɑnˈtoːnɪˌsoːn vɑn ˈaːkə(n)]), более известный как Иеро́ним Босх (нидерл. Jheronimus Bosch [ˌɦijeˈroːnimʏs ˈbɔs], лат. Hieronymus Bosch около 1450—1516) — нидерландский художник, один из крупнейших мастеров Северного Возрождения, считается одним из самых загадочных живописцев ...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 9Ko]
耶罗尼米斯·博斯(Hieronymus Bosch,Dutch: [ɦijeːˈɾoːnimʏs ˈbɔs]),原名耶罗恩·安东尼松·范·阿肯(Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken [jəˈrun ɑnˈtoːnɪsoːn vɑn ˈaːkə(n)]),另名耶罗恩·博斯(Jeroen Bosch);西元1450年-西元1516年八月)是一位十五至十六世紀的多產荷蘭畫家。他多數的畫作多在描繪罪惡與人類道德的沉淪。博斯以惡魔、半人半獸甚至是機械的形象來表現人的邪惡。他的圖畫複雜,有高度的原創性、想像力,並大量使用各式的象徵與符號,其中有些甚至在他的時代中也非常晦澀難解。博斯被認為是20世紀的超現實主義的啟發者之一。 他的真名是耶罗尼米斯(或“耶罗恩”)·范·阿肯(Jheron...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 2Ko]
Jeroen van Aeken, cujo pseudónimo é Hieronymus Bosch, e também conhecido como Jeroen Bosch, ('s-Hertogenbosch, c. 1450 — Agosto de 1516), foi um pintor e gravador Holanda dos séculos XV e XVI. Muitos dos seus trabalhos retratam cenas de pecado e tentação, recorrendo à utilização de figuras simbólicas complexas, originais, imaginativas e caricaturai...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 5Ko]
ヒエロニムス・ボス(Hieronymus Bosch/本名:Jeroen van Aken、1450年頃- 1516年8月9日)は、ルネサンス期のネーデルラント(フランドル)の画家。初期フランドル派に分類される。「ヒエロニムス」は本名であるイェルーン(Jeroen)のラテン語読み、「ボス」は街の名前から。オランダ語でイェロニムス・ボス、ドイツ語でヒエローニュムス・ボシュと発音するが、日本では「ヒエロニムス・ボッシュ」と表記されることもある。 史料が乏しく、伝記には不明な点が多いものの、現在のオランダのベルギー国境近くにあるス・ヘルトーヘンボスの画家一家に生まれた。父はアントニス・ファン・アーケン(Anthonis van Aken)、祖父はヤン・ファン・アーケン(Jan van Aken)、...
[Biography - Hieronymus Bosch - 2Ko]
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