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Portfolio Jan Van Eyck. The complete works. (299: Grisaille, Oak, Oil, Oil On Canvas, Oil On Panel, Silverpoint, Wood)

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  • Jan Van Eyck - Madonna in the Church
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin
  • Jan Van Eyck - Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife
  • Jan Van Eyck - Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (detail) (12)
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Ghent Altarpiece (wings closed)
  • Jan Van Eyck - Madonna and Child with Canon Joris van der Paele
  • Jan Van Eyck - Madonna with the Child Reading
  • Jan Van Eyck - A Man in a Turban
  • Jan Van Eyck - Man in a Turban
  • Jan Van Eyck - Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Madonna in the Church
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Rolin Madonna (La Vierge au Chancelier Rolin)
  • Jan Van Eyck - St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Virgin of the Chancellor Rolin (detail)
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Annunciation
  • Jan Van Eyck - Portrait of Margaret van Eyck
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Offerings of Cain and Abel
  • Jan Van Eyck - Portrait of Margaret van Eyck (Mrs. Jan van Eyck)
  • Jan Van Eyck - Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his Wife (detail)
  • Jan Van Eyck - Small Triptych1
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Madonna of Canon van der Paele (detail)
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Virgin of the Chancellor Rolin (detail)
  • Jan Van Eyck - Donor and St. John the Baptist
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin (detail)
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Madonna of Canon van der Paele (detail)
  • Jan Van Eyck - The Annunciation
All 299 Artworks from Jan Van Eyck

 Jan van Eyck
Jan van Eyck was a very influential painter during the late Middle Ages to early Renaissance. Active during the first half of the 1400s, van Eyck is largely considered the founder of the Flemish school of painting. Flemish art was realistic, including many very precise and also symbolic details. It is often said that Van Eyck was the inventor of oil painting. This, however, isn’t true. Oil paints had existed since Medieval times. However, they were very difficult to make, resulting in tempera paints being used by virtually everyone in all corners of the globe. Paintings weren’t being made with oil paints with any regularity until van Eyck and the rise of the Renaissance.
[Page - Jan Van Eyck - 4Ko]

Jan van Eyck or Johannes de Eyck (Dutch pronunciation: before c. 1395 – before July 9, 1441) was a Flemish painter active in Bruges and considered one of the best Northern European painters of the 15th century.

There is a common misconception, which dates back to the sixteenth-century Vite of the Tuscan artist and biographer Giorgio Vasari, that Jan van Eyck invented oil painting. Oil painting as a technique for painting wood statues and other objects is much older, and Theophilus (Roger of Helmarshausen?) clearly gives instructions for oil-based painting in his treatise, On Divers Arts, written in 1125. It is however true that the van Eyck brothers were among the earliest Early Netherlandish painters to use it for very detailed panel paintings, and that they achieved new and remarkable effects through the use of glazes, wet-on-wet and other techniques. Thus, because of his early mastery of the technique, he was traditionally known as the "father of oil painting."

Jan van Eyck has often been linked as brother to painter and peer Hubert van Eyck, because both have been thought to originate from the same town, Maaseik in Limburg (Belgium). Another brother, Lambert van Eyck is mentioned in Burgundian court documents, and there is a conjecture that he too was a painter, and that he may have overseen the closing of Jan van Eyck's Bruges workshop. Another significant, and rather younger, painter who worked in Southern France, Barthélemy van Eyck, is presumed to be a relation.



The date of van Eyck's birth is not known. The first extant record of van Eyck is from the court of John of Bavaria at The Hague, where payments were made to Jan van Eyck between 1422 and 1424 as court painter, with the court rank of valet de chambre, and first one and then two assistants. This suggests a date of birth of at the latest 1395 and indeed probably earlier. His apparent age in his probable self-portrait (right) suggests to most scholars an earlier date than 1395. Miniatures in the Turin-Milan Hours, if indeed they are by van Eyck, are likely to be the only surviving works from this period, and most of these were destroyed by fire in 1904, though photographs exist.

Worldly success
Jan Van Eyck's La Madone au Chanoine Van der Paele (1434), a nice example of Oriental carpets in Renaissance painting.Following the death of John of Bavaria, in 1425 van Eyck entered the service of the powerful and influential Valois prince, Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Van Eyck resided in Lille for a year and then moved to Bruges, where he lived until his death in 1441. A number of documents published in the twentieth century record his activities in Philip's service. He was sent on several missions on behalf of the Duke, and worked on several projects which likely entailed more than painting. With the exception of two portraits of Isabella of Portugal, which van Eyck painted on Philip's behest as a member of a 1428-9 delegation to seek her hand, the precise nature of these works is obscure (see this copy).

As a painter and "valet de chambre" to the Duke, Jan van Eyck was exceptionally well paid. His annual salary was quite high when he was first engaged, but it doubled twice in the first few years, and was often supplemented by special bonuses. His salary alone makes Jan van Eyck an exceptional figure among early Netherlandish painters, since most of them depended on individual commissions for their livelihoods. An indication that Van Eyck's art and person were held in extraordinarily high regard is a document from 1435 in which the Duke scolded his treasurers for not paying the painter his salary, arguing that Van Eyck would leave and that he would nowhere be able to find his equal in his "art and science." The Duke also served as godfather to one of Van Eyck's children, supported his widow upon the painter's death, and years later helped one of his daughters with the funds required to enter a convent.

[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 6Ko]
Jan van Eyck, (né à Maastricht vers 1390 et mort à Bruges le 9 juillet 1441) est un peintre flamand, célèbre pour ses portraits d’un réalisme minutieux. Ses tableaux les plus connus sont le portrait des Les époux Arnolfini et le retable de l'Agneau mystique, œuvre clé de la peinture occidentale. Biographie La date de naissance exacte de Jan van Eyc...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 6Ko]
Jan van Eyck (* um 1390 in Maaseik &dagger 1441 in Brügge) war ein flämischer Maler des Spätmittelalters und gilt als der berühmteste Vertreter der altniederländischen Malerei. Er leitete die neue naturalistische Kunstepoche nördlich der Alpen ein. Wegen seiner vollendeten Technik und seines Sinns für Naturalismus wurde er von vielen Autoren soga...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 8Ko]
Jan van Eyck (Maaseik, 1390 circa - Bruges, giugno 1441) è stato un pittore fiammingo. Fu un artista di fama internazionale e il suo stile, incentrato su una resa analitica della realtà, ebbe un larghissimo influsso. Fu anche il perfezionatore della tecnica della pittura ad olio, che gradualmente sostituì in Europa l'uso del colore a tempera. Nonos...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 13Ko]
Jan van Eyck (o Johannes de Eyck, Maaseik cerca de Mastrique, h. 1390 - Brujas, antes del 9 de julio de 1441) fue un pintor flamenco que trabajó en Brujas. Está considerado uno de los mejores pintores del Norte de Europa del siglo XV y el más célebre de los Primitivos Flamencos. Robert Campin, que trabajó en Tournai y los hermanos Van Eyck en Fland...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 17Ko]
Ян ван Эйк (нидерл. Jan van Eyck, ок. 1385 или 1390-1441) - фламандский живописец раннего Возрождения, мастер портрета, автор более 100 композиций на религиозные сюжеты, один из первых художников, освоивших технику живописи масляными красками. Младший брат художника и своего учителя Хуберта ван Эйка (1370-1426). Точная дата рождения Яна ван Эйка не...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 3Ko]
Jan van Eyck (Maaseik?, c. 1390 - Bruges, 1441) foi um pintor flamengo do século XV, irmão de Hubert van Eyck e pupilo de Robert Campin. Foi também o fundador de um estilo pictórico do estilo gótico tardio, influenciando em muito o Renascimento nórdico. Como tal, é visto como o mais célebre dos primitivos flamengos. Teve como bases para a sua carre...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 7Ko]
ヤン・ファン・エイク(蘭: Jan van Eyck、1395年頃 - 1441年)は、初期フランドル派のフランドル人画家。主にブルッヘで活動し、15世紀の北ヨーロッパで、もっとも重要な画家の一人と見なされている。わずかに残る記録から、ファン・エイクが1390年ごろの生まれで、おそらくマースエイク出身だと考えられている。ファン・エイクの幼少期についてはほとんど伝わっていないが、ブルゴーニュ公フィリップ3世の宮廷に迎えられた1425年ごろからの記録は比較的整理されて残っている。フィリップ3世の宮廷に出仕する以前は、エノー、ホラント、ゼーラントを支配していたバイエルン公ヨハン3世に仕えていた。当時のファン・エイクはすでに自身の工房を経営しており、ハーグのビネンホフ城の再装飾の仕事に従事していたこ...
[Biography - Jan Van Eyck - 5Ko]
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