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Portfolio Piero Della Francesca. The complete works. (323: Frescoes, Oil, Oil On Panel, Panel, Tempera)

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  • Piero Della Francesca - Baptism of Christ
  • Piero Della Francesca - Left - Portrait of Battista Sforza, Duc
  • Piero Della Francesca - Madonna and Child with Saints (Montefeltro Altarpiece)
  • Piero Della Francesca - Nativity
  • Piero Della Francesca - Procession of the Queen of Sheba
  • Piero Della Francesca - Nativity, NG LONDON
  • Piero Della Francesca - Madonna del Parto
  • Piero Della Francesca - Battle between Heraclius and Chosroes
  • Piero Della Francesca - Nativity
  • Piero Della Francesca - Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and His Wife Battista Sforza
  • Piero Della Francesca - 2b. Meeting between the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon
  • Piero Della Francesca - Polyptych of the Misericordia
  • Piero Della Francesca - 7b. Recognition of the True Cross
  • Piero Della Francesca - The Death of Adam, detail of Adam and his Children
  • Piero Della Francesca - Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and His Wife Battista Sforza
  • Piero Della Francesca - Polyptych of the Misericordia: Madonna of Mercy
  • Piero Della Francesca - The Flagellation (detail)
  • Piero Della Francesca - Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and His Wife Battista Sforza (reverse sides)
  • Piero Della Francesca - Montefeltro Altarpiece (detail)
  • Piero Della Francesca - Portrait of Federico da Montefeltro
  • Piero Della Francesca - Madonna del parto, S
  • Piero Della Francesca - Polidiptico de San Agustino
  • Piero Della Francesca - 2a. Procession of the Queen of Sheba
  • Piero Della Francesca - 8. Battle between Heraclius and Chosroes (detail)
  • Piero Della Francesca - Polyptych of the Misericordia: Sts Sebastian and John the Baptist
 
All 323 Artworks from Piero Della Francesca





Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 – October 12, 1492) was a painter of the Early Renaissance. As testified by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists, to contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer. Nowadays Piero della Francesca is chiefly appreciated for his art. His painting was characterized by its serene humanism, its use of geometric forms and perspective. His most famous work is the cycle of frescoes The Legend of the True Cross in the church of San Francesco in the Tuscan town of Arezzo.

Piero was born in the town of Borgo Santo Sepolcro, modern-day Tuscany (where he also died), to Benedetto de' Franceschi, a tradesman, and Romana di Perino da Monterchi, part of the Florentine and Tuscan Franceschi noble family.

He was most probably apprenticed to the local painter Antonio di Giovanni d'Anghiari, because in documents about payments is noted that he was working with Antonio in 1432 and May 1438. Besides he certainly took notice of the work of some of the Sienese artists active in San Sepolcro during his youth; e.g. Sassetta. In 1439 Piero received, together with Domenico Veneziano, payments for his work on frescoes for the church of Sant'Egidio in Florence, now lost. In Florence he must have met leading masters like Fra Angelico, Luca della Robbia, Donatello and Brunelleschi. The classicism of Masaccio's frescoes and his majestic figures in the Santa Maria del Carmine were for him an important source of inspiration. Dating of Piero's undocumented work is difficult because his style does not seem to have developed over the years.

In 1442 he was listed as eligible for the City Council of San Sepolcro. Three years later, he received the commission for the altarpiece of the church of the Misericordia in San Sepolcro (including the Madonna della Misericordia), which he was to complete only in the early 1460s. In 1449 he executed several frescoes in the Castello Estense and the church of Sant'Andrea of Ferrara, also lost. His influence was particularly strong in the later Ferrarese allegorical works of Cosimo Tura.

Two years later he was in Rimini, working for the condottiero Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta. In this sojourn he executed in 1451 the famous fresco of St. Sigismund and Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta in the Tempio Malatestiano, as well as Sigismondo's portrait. In Rimini Piero may have met the famous Renaissance mathematician and architect Leon Battista Alberti, who had redesigned the Tempio Malatestiano; although it is known that Alberti directed the execution of his designs for the church by correspondence with his building supervisor. Thereafter Piero was active in Ancona, Pesaro and Bologna.

In 1454 he signed a contract for the polyptych in the church of Sant'Agostino in San Sepolcro. The central panel of this polyptic is lost and the four panels of the wings, with representations of Saints, are scattered around the world. A few years later, summoned by Pope Nicholas V, he moved to Rome: here he executed frescoes in the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, of which only fragments remain. Two years later he was again in the Papal capital, for frescoes in Vatican Palace which have also been destroyed.

The Baptism of Christ, in The National Gallery in London, was executed around 1460 for the high altar of the church of the Priory of S. Giovanni Battista at Sansepolcro. Other notable works of Piero della Francesca's maturity are the frescoes of the Resurrection in Sansepolcro and the Madonna del parto in Monterchi near Sansepolcro.

In 1452, Piero della Francesca was called to Arezzo to replace Bicci di Lorenzo in painting the frescoes of the basilica of San Francesco. The work was finished before 1466, probably between 1452-1456. The cycle of frescoes, depicting the Legend of the True Cross, is generally considered among his masterworks and those of Renaissance painting in general. The story in these frescoes derives from legendary medieval sources as to how timber relics of the True Cross came to be found. These stories were collected in the "Golden Legend" of Jacopo da Varazze (Jacopo da Varagine) of the mid 13th century.

Between 1469 and 1486 Piero della Francesca worked repeatedly in the service of Count Federico III da Montefeltro (Duke in 1474). According to Giorgio Vasari, Piero would have worked for Federico's father Guidantonio, who died in February 1443. However, this is unlikely because this statement is not confirmed by documents or paintings. Vasari may have confused Guidantonio with Federico. The Flagellation is generally considered Piero's oldest work in Urbino (dating c. 1455–1470). It is one of the most famous and controversial pictures of the early Renaissance. As discussed in its own entry, it is marked by an air of geometric sobriety, in addition to presenting a perplexing enigma as to the nature of the three men standing at the foreground.

Another famous work painted in Urbino is the Double Portrait of Federico and his wife Battista Sforza, in the Uffizi. The portraits in profile take their inspiration from large bronze medals and stucco roundels with the official portrets of Fedederico and his wife. Other paintings made in Urbino are the monumental Montefeltro Altarpiece in the Brera Gallery in Milan and probably also the Madonna of Senigallia.

In Urbino Piero met the painters Melozzo da Forlì, Fra Carnevale and the Flemish Justus van Gent (or Joos van Wassenhove or Giusto di Gant), the mathematician Fra Luca Pacioli, the architect Francesco di Giorgio Martini and probably also Leon Battista Alberti.

In his later years, painters such as Perugino and Luca Signorelli frequently visited his workshop. It is documented that Piero rented a house in Rimini in 1482. Although he may have given up painting in his later years, Vasari's remarks that he went blind at old age and at the age of sixty, have to be doubted, since in 1485 he completed his treatise on regular solids, dedicated to Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, son and heir of Duke Federico, in his own fine handwriting. Piero made his will in 1487 and he died five years later in his own house in San Sepolcro, on the very day that Christopher Columbus made his first landfall in the Americas. He left his possessions to his family and the church.

His deep interest in the theoretical study of perspective and his contemplative approach to his paintings are apparent in all his work. Three treatises written by Piero are known to modern mathematicians: Abacus Treatise (Trattato d'Abaco), Short Book on the Five Regular Solids (Libellus de Quinque Corporibus Regularibus) and On Perspective for Painting (De Prospectiva Pingendi). The subjects covered in these writings include arithmetic, algebra, geometry and innovative work in both solid geometry and perspective. Much of Piero’s work was later absorbed into the writing of others, notably Luca Pacioli. Piero’s work on solid geometry appears in Pacioli’s "De divina proportione", a work illustrated by Leonardo da Vinci.
[Biography - Piero Della Francesca - 8Ko]
Piero della Francesca (v. 1415 - Octobre 12 1492) était un peintre de la Renaissance. Comme en témoigne par Giorgio Vasari dans ses Vies des artistes, à contemporains, il était aussi connu comme un mathématicien et géomètre. Aujourd'hui Piero della Francesca est principalement apprécié pour son art. Sa peinture se caractérise par son humanisme sere...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 10Ko]
Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 - 12. Oktober 1492) war ein Maler der Frührenaissance. Wie bezeugt von Giorgio Vasari in seinen Lebensbeschreibungen der Künstler, den Zeitgenossen er auch als Mathematiker und Geometer bekannt war. Heutzutage Piero della Francesca ist vor allem für seine Kunst sehr geschätzt. Seine Malerei wurde durch seine ruhige Hu...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 9Ko]
Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 - 12 ottobre 1492) fu un pittore del primo Rinascimento. Come testimoniato da Giorgio Vasari nelle sue Vite degli artisti, contemporanei fu noto anche come un matematico e geometra. Oggi Piero della Francesca è soprattutto apprezzato per la sua arte. La sua pittura è stata caratterizzata da un umanesimo serena, il suo...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 8Ko]
Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 - 12 de octubre de 1492) fue un pintor del Renacimiento temprano. Como testimonio de Giorgio Vasari en sus Vidas de los artistas contemporáneos, a los que también era conocido como un matemático y geómetra. Hoy en día Piero della Francesca se aprecia sobre todo por su arte. Su pintura se caracteriza por su humanismo s...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 9Ko]
Пьеро делла Франческа (ок. 1415 - 12 октября 1492) был художником раннего Возрождения. По свидетельству Джорджо Вазари в своей жизни художников, современников, он был также известен как математик и геометр. В настоящее время Пьеро делла Франческа в главным образом ценили за его искусство. Его живопись отличается спокойным гуманизма, его использован...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 8Ko]
皮耶罗· 德拉· 弗朗西斯卡(约1415 - 1492年10月12日),是早期文艺复兴时期的画家。作为证明瓦萨里在他生活的艺术家,他也被称为一个数学家和几何学家同时代。如今皮耶罗· 德拉· 弗朗西斯卡,主要是欣赏他的艺术。他的画的特点是其宁静的人文精神,其使用的几何形状和角度。他最著名的作品是壁画的传说在阿雷佐的托斯卡纳小镇圣弗朗切斯科教堂在真正的跨周期。 皮耶罗出生在博尔戈城主Sepolcro,现代托斯卡纳(他也死了),镇,贝尼代托· 切斯基,商人,和协会DI佩里诺达Monterchi,佛罗伦萨和托斯卡纳切斯基贵族家庭的一部分。 他最可能的学徒本地画家安东尼奥· 迪乔万尼德Anghiari,因为在有关付款的文件指出,他...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 4Ko]
Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 - 12 de outubro de 1492) foi um pintor da Renascença. Como testemunhado por Giorgio Vasari em suas vidas dos artistas, contemporâneos ele também era conhecido como matemático e geômetra. Hoje em dia, Piero della Francesca é principalmente apreciado por sua arte. Sua pintura se caracterizou por seu humanismo sereno, o ...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 9Ko]
Piero Della Francesca (1415 — 1492) foi um pintor italiano do Quattrocento, nome dado à segunda fase do movimento Renascentista italiano. Tal qual os grandes mestres de seu tempo, Piero primou sempre pela criatividade em relação ao passado medieval, apresentando técnicas e temáticas inovadoras como, por exemplo, o uso da tela e da pintura a óleo, o...
[Biography - Piero Della Francesca - 4Ko]
ピエロ· デッラ· フランチェスカ(紀元前1415 - 1492年10月12日)は、初期ルネサンスの画家。として彼はまた、数学と幾何として知られていた時代に、アーティスト、彼の生活の中でジョルジョ· ヴァザーリによる証言した。最近ではピエロ· デッラ· フランチェスカは、主に彼の芸術のために感謝しています。彼の絵画は、その穏やかなヒューマニズム、幾何学的な形態と視点の使用によって特徴づけられた。彼の最も有名な作品は、フレスコ画のサイクルは、アレッツォのトスカーナの町のサン· フランチェスコ教会の真の十字架の伝説です。 ピエロは、ボルゴ· サントSepolcro、ベネデット· デ· Fr...
[Biography - Piero della Francesca - 5Ko]
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