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The Birth of Venus, Tempera by Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510, Italy)

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The Birth of Venus, Tempera by Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510, Italy)
Framed Giclee Fine Art Sandro Botticelli , Oil Painting Fine Art Sandro Botticelli

"The Birth of Venus"

Sandro Botticelli - Tempera - 173 x 279 cm - 1486 - (Uffizi Gallery (Florence, Italy))

The Birth of Venus (Italian: Nascita di Venere) is a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli. Botticelli was commissioned to paint the work by the Medici family of Florence, specifically Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici under the influence of his cousin Lorenzo de' Medici, close friend to Botticelli . It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore (which is related to the Venus Anadyomene motif).The painting is on display at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy.
The goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a full-grown woman, arriving at the seashore. Botticelli has picked out highlights in her hair with gold leaf and has emphasized the femininity of her body. The brilliant light and soothing colors, the luxurious garden, the gorgeous draperies of the nymph, and the roses floating around the beautiful nude. Venus' body is anatomically improbable, with elongated neck and torso. She stands in a classical contrapposto stance but her weight is shifted too far over the left leg for the pose to be held.



 
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 Allessandro Botticelli
Allessandro Botticelli was a very prominent artist in the second half of the 15th century. He was from Florence, the then artistic capital of the world and lived there most of his life, except for a brief excursion to Rome in order to help decorate the Sistine Chapel. Despite working directly for the pope and making his mark in the center of Catholicism, Botticelli is better known for his mythological based paintings.
[Page - Sandro Botticelli - 4Ko]

Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (Italian pronunciation: [ˈsandro bottiˈtʃɛlli]; c. 1445 – May 17, 1510) was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. He belonged to the Florentine school under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, a movement that Giorgio Vasari would characterize less than a hundred years later as a "golden age", a thought, suitably enough, he expressed at the head of his Vita of Botticelli. Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting. Among his best known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera.

There are very few details of Botticelli's life, but it is known that he became an apprentice when he was about fourteen years old, which would indicate that he received a fuller education than other Renaissance artists. He was born in the city of Florence in a house in the Via Nuova, Borg'Ognissanti. Vasari reported that he was initially trained as a goldsmith by his brother Antonio. Probably by 1462 he was apprenticed to Fra Filippo Lippi; many of his early works have been attributed to the elder master, and attributions continue to be uncertain. Influenced also by the monumentality of Masaccio's painting, it was from Lippi that Botticelli learned a more intimate and detailed manner. As recently discovered, during this time, Botticelli could have traveled to Hungary, participating in the creation of a fresco in Esztergom, ordered in the workshop of Filippo Lippi by János Vitéz, then archbishop of Hungary.[citation needed]

By 1470, Botticelli had his own workshop. Even at this early date, his work was characterized by a conception of the figure as if seen in low relief, drawn with clear contours, and minimizing strong contrasts of light and shadow which would indicate fully modeled forms.

The Adoration of the Magi for Santa Maria Novella (c. 1475–1476, now at the Uffizi), contains the portraits of Cosimo de Medici, his sons Piero and Giovanni, and his grandsons Lorenzo and Giuliano. The quality of the scene was hailed by Vasari as one of Botticelli's pinnacles.

In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV summoned Botticelli and other prominent Florentine and Umbrian artists to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel. The iconological program was the supremacy of the Papacy. Sandro's contribution included the Temptations of Christ, the Punishment of the Rebels and Trial of Moses. He returned to Florence, and "being of a sophistical turn of mind, he there wrote a commentary on a portion of Dante and illustrated the Inferno which he printed, spending much time over it, and this abstention from work led to serious disorders in his living." Thus Vasari characterized the first printed Dante (1481) with Botticelli's decorations; he could not imagine that the new art of printing might occupy an artist.

The masterpieces Primavera (c. 1482) and The Birth of Venus (c. 1485) were both seen by Vasari at the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici at Castello in the mid-16th century, and until recently, it was assumed that both works were painted specifically for the villa. Recent scholarship suggests otherwise: the Primavera was painted for Lorenzo's townhouse in Florence, and The Birth of Venus was commissioned by someone else for a different site. By 1499, both had been installed at Castello.

In these works, the influence of Gothic realism is tempered by Botticelli's study of the antique. But if the painterly means may be understood, the subjects themselves remain fascinating for their ambiguity. The complex meanings of these paintings continue to receive widespread scholarly attention, mainly focusing on the poetry and philosophy of humanists who were the artist's contemporaries. The works do not illustrate particular texts; rather, each relies upon several texts for its significance. Of their beauty, characterized by Vasari as exemplifying "grace" and by John Ruskin as possessing linear rhythm, there can be no doubt.

In the mid-1480s, Botticelli worked on a major fresco cycle with Perugino, Domenico Ghirlandaio and Filippino Lippi, for Lorenzo the Magnificent's villa near Volterra; in addition he painted many frescoes in Florentine churches. In 1491 he served on a committee to decide upon a façade for the Cathedral of Florence.

In later life, Botticelli was one of the followers of the deeply moralistic friar Savonarola who preached in Florence from 1490 until his execution in 1498, though the full extent of Savonarola's influence remains uncertain.

"The story that he burnt his own paintings on pagan themes in the notorious "Bonfire of the Vanities" is not told by Vasari, who nevertheless asserts that of the sect of Savonarola "he was so ardent a partisan that he was thereby induced to desert his painting, and, having no income to live on, fell into very great distress. For this reason, persisting in his attachment to that party, and becoming a Piagnone he abandoned his work." Botticelli biographer Ernst Steinmann searched for the artist's psychological development through his Madonnas. In the "deepening of insight and expression in the rendering of Mary's physiognomy", Steinmann discerned proof of Savonarola's influence over Botticelli. (In Steinmann's work the dates of a number of Madonnas were placed at a later point in the artist's life). Steinmann disagreed with Vasari's assertion that Botticelli produced nothing after coming under the influence of Savonarola, believing rather that the spiritual and emotional Virgins painted by Sandro followed directly from the teachings of the Dominican monk.

Botticelli was already little employed in 1502. In 1504 he was a member of the committee appointed to decide where Michelangelo's David would be placed. His later work, especially as seen in a series on the life of St. Zenobius, witnessed a diminution of scale, expressively distorted figures, and a non-naturalistic use of colour reminiscent of the work of Fra Angelico nearly a century earlier. After his death, his reputation was eclipsed longer and more thoroughly than that of any other major European artist. His paintings remained in the churches and villas for which they had been created, his frescoes in the Sistine Chapel upstaged by Michelangelo's. British collector William Young Ottley had however brought Botticelli's The Mystical Nativity to London with him in 1799 after buying it in Italy. After Ottley's death, its next purchaser, William Fuller-Maitland of Stansted, allowed it to be exhibited in a major art exhibition held in Manchester in 1857, The Art Treasures Exhibition, where amongst many other art works it was viewed by more than a million people. The first nineteenth-century art historian to have looked with satisfaction at Botticelli's Sistine frescoes was Alexis-François Rio; Anna Brownell Jameson and Charles Eastlake were alerted to Botticelli, works by his hand began to appear in German collections, and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood incorporated elements of his work into their own. Walter Pater created a literary picture of Botticelli, who was then taken up by the Aesthetic movement. The first monograph on the artist was published in 1893; then, between 1900 and 1920 more books were written on Botticelli than on any other painter.

Botticelli never wed, and expressed a strong aversion to the idea of marriage, a prospect he claimed gave him nightmares.

The popular view is that he suffered from an unrequited love for Simonetta Vespucci, a married noblewoman. According to popular belief, she had served as the model for The Birth of Venus and recurs throughout his paintings, despite the fact that she had died years earlier, in 1476. Botticelli asked that when he died, he be buried at her feet in the Church of Ognissanti in Florence. His wish was carried out when he died some 34 years later, in 1510.

Some modern historians have also examined other aspects of his sexuality. In 1938, Jacques Mesnil discovered a summary of a charge in the Florentine Archives for November 16, 1502, which read simply "Botticelli keeps a boy", under an accusation of sodomy. The painter would then have been fifty-eight; the charges were eventually dropped. Mesnil dismissed it as a customary slander by which partisans and adversaries of Savonarola abused each other. Opinion remains divided on whether this is evidence of homosexuality. Many have firmly backed Mesnil, but others have cautioned against hasty dismissal of the charge. Yet while speculating on the subject of his paintings, Mesnil nevertheless concluded "woman was not the only object of his love".

In his book Sandro Botticelli: Life and Work, Ronald Lightbown claims "There are only two books to attempt a catalogue raisonné of the works of Botticelli and his school" (source: page 328 of the 1989 edition). These are the two books:

[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 10Ko]
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli or Il Botticello ("The Little Barrel"; c. 1445 – May 17, 1510) was an Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance (Quattrocento). Less than a hundred years later, this movement, under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, was characterized by Giorgio Vasari as a "golden age", a thought, suitably enough, he expressed at the head of his Vita of Botticelli. His posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting, and The Birth of Venus and Primavera rank now among the most familiar masterpieces of Florentine art.

Youth

Details of Botticelli's life are sparse, but we know that he became an apprentice when he was about fourteen years old, which would indicate that he received a fuller education than did other Renaissance artists. Vasari reported that he was initially trained as a goldsmith by his brother Antonio. Probably by 1462 he was apprenticed to Fra Filippo Lippi; many of his early works have been attributed to the elder master, and attributions continue to be uncertain. Influenced also by the monumentality of Masaccio's painting, it was from Lippi that Botticelli learned a more intimate and detailed manner. As recently discovered, during this time, Botticelli could have traveled to Hungary, participating in the creation of a fresco in Esztergom, ordered in the workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi by Vitéz János, then archbishop of Hungary.
By 1470 Botticelli had his own workshop. Even at this early date his work was characterized by a conception of the figure as if seen in low relief, drawn with clear contours, and minimizing strong contrasts of light and shadow which would indicate fully modeled forms.

Masterworks

The masterworks Primavera (c. 1482) and The Birth of Venus (c. 1485) were both seen by Vasari at the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici at Castello in the mid-16th century, and until recently, it was assumed that both works were painted specifically for the villa. Recent scholarship suggests otherwise: the Primavera was painted for Lorenzo's townhouse in Florence, and The Birth of Venus was commissioned by someone else for a different site. By 1499, both had been installed at Castello.
In these works, the influence of Gothic realism is tempered by Botticelli's study of the antique. But if the painterly means may be understood, the subjects themselves remain fascinating for their ambiguity. The complex meanings of these paintings continue to receive widespread scholarly attention, mainly focusing on the poetry and philosophy of humanists who were the artist's contemporaries. The works do not illustrate particular texts; rather, each relies upon several texts for its significance. Of their beauty, characterized by Vasari as exemplifying "grace" and by John Ruskin as possessing linear rhythm, there can be no doubt.

Maturity and later life

Primavera (c. 1482): icon of the springtime renewal of the Florentine Renaissance, also at the summer palazzo of Pierfrancesco de' Medici, as a companion piece to the Birth of Venus and Pallas and the Centaur. Left to right: Mercury, the Three Graces, Venus, Flora, Chloris, Zephyrus.The Adoration of the Magi for Santa Maria Novella (c. 1475-1476, now at the Uffizi) contains the portraits of Cosimo de' Medici ("the finest of all that are now extant for its life and vigour"), his grandson Giuliano de' Medici, and Cosimo's son Giovanni. The quality of the scene was hailed by Vasari as one of Botticelli's pinnacles.


In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV summoned Botticelli and other prominent Florentine and Umbrian artists to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel. The iconological program was the supremacy of the Papacy. Sandro's contribution was moderately successful. He returned to Florence, and "being of a sophistical turn of mind, he there wrote a commentary on a portion of Dante and illustrated the Inferno which he printed, spending much time over it, and this abstention from work led to serious disorders in his living." Thus Vasari characterized the first printed Dante (1481) with Botticelli's decorations; he could not imagine that the new art of printing might occupy an artist.
In the mid-1480s Botticelli worked on a major fresco cycle with Perugino, Ghirlandaio, and Filippino Lippi, for Lorenzo the Magnificent's villa near Volterra; in addition he painted many frescoes in Florentine churches.


In 1491 Botticelli served on a committee to decide upon a facade for the Florence Duomo. In 1502 he was accused of sodomy, though charges were later dropped. In 1504 he was a member of the committee appointed to decide where Michelangelo's David would be placed. His later work, especially as seen in a series on the life of St. Zenobius, witnessed a diminution of scale, expressively distorted figures, and a non-naturalistic use of colour reminiscent of the work of Fra Angelico nearly a century earlier.

Religion

Venus and Mars, 1483 In later life, Botticelli was one of Savonarola's followers, though the full extent of Savonarola's influence is uncertain. The story that he burnt his own paintings on pagan themes in the notorious "Bonfire of the Vanities" is not told by Vasari, who asserts that of the sect of Savonarola "he was so ardent a partisan that he was thereby induced to desert his painting, and, having no income to live on, fell into very great distress. For this reason, persisting in his attachement to that party, and becoming a Piagnone he abandoned his work.". Botticelli biographer Ernst Steinman searched for the artist's psychological development through his Madonnas. In the "deepening of insight and expression in the rendering of Mary's physiognomy", Steinman discerns proof of Savonarola's influence over Botticelli. This means that the biographer needed to alter the dates of a number of Madonnas to substantiate his theory; specifically, they are dated ten years later than before. Steinman disagrees with Vasari's assertion that Botticelli produced nothing after coming under the influence of Girolamo Savonarola. Steinman believes the spiritual and emotional Virgins rendered by Sandro follow directly from the teachings of the Dominican monk.


Earlier, Botticelli had painted an Assumption of the Virgin for Matteo Palmieri in a chapel at San Pietro Maggiore in which, it was rumored, both the patron who dictated the iconic scheme and the painter who painted it, were guilty of unidentified heresy, a delicate requirement in such a subject. The heretical notions seem to be gnostic in character:

By the side door of San Piero Maggiore he did a panel for Matteo Palmieri, with a large number of figures representing the Assumption of Our Lady with zones of patriarchs, prophets, apostles, evangelists, martyrs, confessors, doctors, virgins, and the orders of angels, the whole from a design given to him by Matteo, who was a worthy and educated man. He executed this work with the greatest mastery and diligence, introducing the portraits of Matteo and his wife on their knees. But although the great beauty of this work could find no other fault with it, said that Matteo and Sandro were guilty of grave heresy. Whether this be true or not, I cannot say. (Giorgio Vasari)
This is a common misconception based on an error by Vasari. The painting referred to here, now in the National Gallery in London, is by the artist Botticini. Vasari confused their similar sounding names.

The Birth of Venus, 1486. Uffizi, Florence.Private life

Botticelli never wed, and expressed a strong aversion to the idea of marriage, a prospect he claimed gave him nightmares. The popular view is that he suffered from unrequited love for Simonetta Vespucci, a married noblewoman. She had served as the model for The Birth of Venus and recurs throughout his paintings, despite the fact that she had died years earlier, in 1476. Botticelli asked that when he die he be buried at her feet in the Church of Ognissanti in Florence. His wish was carried out when he died some 34 years later, in 1510.


Some modern historians have also examined other aspects of his sexuality. In 1938, Jacques Mesnil discovered a summary of a charge in the Florentine Archives for 16 November 16 1502 which read simply, "Botticelli keeps a boy". The painter would then have been fifty-eight. Mesnil dismissed it as a customary slander by which partisans and adversaries of Savonarola abused each other. Opinion remains divided on whether this is evidence of homosexuality. Many have firmly backed Mesnil, but others have cautioned against hasty dismissal of the charge. Yet while speculating on the subject of his paintings, Mesnil nevertheless concluded "woman was not the only object of his love".


Posthumous eclipse

Botticelli was already little employed in 1502; after his death his reputation was eclipsed longer and more thoroughly than that of any other major European artist. His paintings remained in the churches and villas for which they had been created, his frescoes in the Sistine Chapel upstaged by Michelangelo's. The first nineteenth century art historian to have looked with satisfaction at Botticelli's Sistine frescoes was Alexis-François Rio. Through Rio, Anna Brownell Jameson and Charles Eastlake were alerted to Botticelli, but, while works by his hand began to appear in German collections, both the Nazarene movement and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood ignored him. Walter Pater created a literary picture of Botticelli, who was then taken up by the Aesthetic movement. The first monograph on the artist was published in 1893; then, between 1900 and 1920 more books were written on Botticelli than any other painter.

[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 12Ko]
« Sandro Botticelli fut un dessinateur hors du commun et bien des artistes s'ingénièrent à se procurer ses dessins et j'en possède quelques-uns dans mon livre qui sont le fait d'un dessinateur expérimenté et d'un jugement très sûr. Il usa de nombreuses figures dans les scènes qu'il peignit, comme on peut le voir dans les motifs décoratifs qu'il con...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 8Ko]
Traduction nouvelle de la vie de Sandro Botticelli pittore fiorentini, par Giorgio Vasari, auteur des Vite de' piu eccellenti Pittori, Scultori et Architettori. D'après l'édition Giuntana de 1568 disponible sur le site de l'École Normale Supérieure de Pise. Traduit par Bernard Lebleu, de L'Encyclopédie de L'Agora. à l'époque de Laurent de Médicis l...
[Page - Sandro Botticelli - 21Ko]
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, dit Sandro Botticelli, est un peintre italien né à une date située entre le 1er mars 1444 et le 1er mars 1445, et mort en mai 1510, à Florence. Botticelli est l'un des peintres les plus importants de la Renaissance italienne et de l'histoire de l'art. Alessandro Filipepi, qui sera plus tard surnommé Sandro B...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 9Ko]
Sandro Botticelli (* 1. März 1445 in Florenz &dagger 17. Mai 1510 ebenda eigentlich Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi) war ein italienischer Maler und Zeichner der frühen Renaissance. Im Geist der Frührenaissance und des Humanismus malte Botticelli, beeinflusst von Filippo Lippi, Masaccio und Antonio Pollaiuolo, religiöse Bilder, Altarbilder sowie ...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 9Ko]
Sandro Botticelli (* 1. März 1445 in Florenz † begraben: 17. Mai 1510 ebenda eigentlich Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi) war ein italienischer Maler und Zeichner der frühen Renaissance. Im Geist der Frührenaissance und des Humanismus malte Botticelli, beeinflusst von Filippo Lippi, Masaccio und Antonio Pollaiuolo, religiöse Bilder, Altarbilder sow...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 7Ko]
Sandro Botticelli, vero nome Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (Firenze, 1º marzo 1445 – Firenze, 17 maggio 1510), è stato un pittore italiano. Sandro Botticelli nacque nel 1445 a Firenze in via Nuova (oggi via del Porcellana), ultimo di quattro figli maschi e crebbe in una famiglia modesta ma non povera, mantenuta dal padre, Mariano di Vanni...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 15Ko]
Са́ндро Боттиче́лли (итал. Sandro Botticelli, 1 марта 1445 — 17 мая 1510) — прозвание флорентийского художника Алесса́ндро ди Мариа́но ди Ва́нни Филипе́пи (итал. Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi), который привёл искусство кватроченто на порог Высокого Возрождения. Глубоко религиозный человек, Боттичелли работал во всех крупных храмах Флоренц...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 4Ko]
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (Florencia, 1 de marzo de 1445 – Florencia, 17 de mayo de 1510), apodado Sandro Botticelli, fue un pintor cuatrocentista italiano. Menos de cien años después, este movimiento, bajo el mecenazgo de Lorenzo de Médici, fue considerado por Giorgio Vasari como una "edad de oro", un pensamiento que convenientemente...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 13Ko]
Алессандро ди Мариано ди Ванни Филипепи, более известный как Сандро Боттичелли или Ил Botticello ("Маленькая бочка", c. 1445 - 17 мая 1510) был итальянский художник флорентийской школы во время Раннего Возрождения (кватроченто). Менее чем сто лет спустя, это движение, под покровительством Лоренцо Медичи, характеризовался Джорджо Вазари, как "золото...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 1Ko]
亚历山德罗DI DI马里亚诺瓦尼Filipepi,更好地为波​​提切利或IL Botticello(“小炮筒”,C. 1445 - 5月17日,1510)是意大利的佛罗伦萨学校画家,在文艺复兴早期(Quattrocento)。不到一百年以后,这个运动的洛伦佐德美第奇的赞助下,由乔治瓦萨里定性为一个“黄金时代”,一个念头,适当足够的,他表示在他波提切利VITA的头上。他的谥声誉遭受直到19世纪后期,从那时起他的工作一直被视为代表文艺复兴早期绘画的线性宽限期,诞生的金星和Primavera排名已跻身最熟悉的佛罗伦萨艺术杰作。 青年 波提切利的生活的细节是稀疏的,但我们知道,他成为了一名学徒,当他是十四年来,这表明,他接到了一个更全面的教育,比其他文艺复兴时期的艺术家。瓦萨里报告说,他最初是作为一...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 5Ko]
桑德罗·波提切利(Sandro Botticelli,1445年3月1日-1510年5月17日),原名亚历桑德罗·菲利佩皮(Alessandro Filipepi)是欧洲文艺复兴早期的佛罗伦萨画派艺术家。 波提切利出生于意大利佛罗伦萨的一个中产阶级家庭,“波提切利”是他的绰号,意为“小桶”。从小酷爱绘画的他最早被做皮革匠的父亲送去学做一名金银艺匠学徒,但后遵从他本人的意愿,将他送到菲力浦·利比的画室学习绘画。利比以哥特式的手法,对三维立体事物的把握、对细微人物脸部表情的表现和对细节的重视都对波提切利日后的绘画风格造成了深远影响。此外,波拉约洛兄弟的雕塑作品也对波提切利产生过影响。之后他又从师韦罗基奥,曾与小他7岁的列奥纳多·达·芬奇是同学。1470年,他自立门户,开设个人绘画工作室,很快就受...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 2Ko]
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, mais conhecido como Sandro Botticelli ou Botticello Il ("The Little Barrel", c. 1445 - 17 de maio de 1510) foi um pintor italiano da Escola Florentina durante a Renascença (Quattrocento). Menos de cem anos depois, esse movimento, sob o patrocínio de Lorenzo de Médici, foi caracterizado por Giorgio Vasari com...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 12Ko]
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, dito Sandro Botticelli (Florença, 1º de março de 1445 – 17 de maio de 1510), foi um célebre pintor italiano da Escola Florentina do Renascimento. Igualmente receptivo às aquisições do introduzidas por Masaccio na pintura do Quatrocento e às tendências do Gótico tardio, seguiu os preceitos da perspectiva cent...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 7Ko]
より良いサンドロボッティチェッリやイルBotticello("リトルバレル" C. 1445 - 1510年5月17日)として知られるアレッサンドロディマリアーノディヴァンニFilipepiは、初期ルネサンス(Quattrocento)の間にフィレンツェ派のイタリアの画家。未満の百年後、この動きは、ロレンツォデメディチの庇護の下、適切に十分な"黄金時代"、思想、としてジョルジョヴァザーリによって特徴付けられた、彼はボッティチェッリの彼のヴィータの頭に表明した。フィレンツェの芸術の最もよく知られている傑作の中で今、それ以来彼の作品は、初期ルネサンス絵画の線形恵みを表現する現象が確認されています、そして金星とPrimaveraのランクの誕生、彼の死後の名声は、19世紀後半まで苦しんだ。 ユース...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 6Ko]
サンドロ・ボッティチェッリ(Sandro Botticelli, 1445年3月1日? - 1510年5月17日)は、ルネサンス期のイタリアのフィレンツェ生まれの画家で、本名はアレッサンドロ・ディ・マリアーノ・フィリペーピ (Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi) といい、ボッティチェッリは兄が太っていたことから付いた「小さな樽」という意味のあだ名である。ボッティチェルリ、ボッティチェリ、ボティチェリなどと表記されることもある。 初期ルネサンスで最も業績を残したフィレンツェ派の代表的画家。フィリッポ・リッピの元で学び、メディチ家の保護を受け、宗教画、神話画などの傑作を残した。 メディチ家当主ロレンツォ・デ・メディチの死後、ドメニコ会の修道士サヴォナローラがフィレンツェ...
[Biography - Sandro Botticelli - 6Ko]

 

 

WahooArt.com - Sandro Botticelli
Arts & Entertainment > Hobbies & Creative Arts > Artwork
A-5ZKBGL----EN-
The Birth of Venus, Tempera by Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510, Italy)
/Art.nsf/O/5ZKBGL/$File/Sandro_Botticelli-The_Birth_of_Venus.JPG
The Birth of Venus (Italian: Nascita di Venere) is a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli. Botticelli was commissioned to paint the work by the Medici family of Florence, specifically Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici under the influence of his cousin Lorenzo de' Medici, close friend to Botticelli . It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore (which is related to the Venus Anadyomene motif).The painting is on display at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. The goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a full-grown woman, arriving at the seashore. Botticelli has picked out highlights in her hair with gold leaf and has emphasized the femininity of her body. The brilliant light and soothing colors, the luxurious garden, the gorgeous draperies of the nymph, and the roses floating around the beautiful nude. Venus' body is anatomically improbable, with elongated neck and torso. She stands in a classical contrapposto stance but her weight is shifted too far over the left leg for the pose to be held.
Sandro Botticelli
Tempera
Tempera
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