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THREE MUSES, Oil by Denis Maurice (1870-1943, France)

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Framed Giclee Fine Art Denis Maurice , Oil Painting Fine Art Denis Maurice
THREE MUSES, Oil by Denis Maurice (1870-1943, France)
Framed Print Fine Art Denis Maurice , Framed Giclee Fine Art Denis Maurice

"THREE MUSES"

Denis Maurice - Oil - 1893 - (Musée d'Orsay (Paris, France))

In the guise of women dressed in contemporary clothing, Maurice Denis updates a subject taken from classical mythology – the muses who inspire the arts and sciences. But he transforms the theme profoundly, stripping the muses of the traditional attributes which allow them to be identified.
In the group of three women sitting in the foreground we can see the figure of Marthe, whom the painter married in June 1893 and who inspired his art until her death. In a device common in Denis' work, she is shown twice: in profile in red and from the back, sitting on the chair. Maurice Denis has set the scene on the terrace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the town where he lived all his life. The century-old chestnut trees give the composition rhythm and decorative power. The regular strokes of the tree trunks are a pretext for a play of vertical lines which contrast with the curves and ornamental arabesques of the branches, the leaves strewn on the ground, and the patterns and folds of the dresses. The graphic play of lines and interlacing is intensified by the unreal, autumnal colours, painted in areas of flat colour and neatly outlined. The flattened space is that of a "sacred wood", the setting for a revelation and the figures' mysterious communication with nature and supernatural powers. An enigmatic tenth muse in the background (while traditionally there are only nine), with one arm raised to the light of the sky, convinces us of that.



 
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Maurice Denis (November 25, 1870 – November 1943) was a French painter and writer, and a member of the Symbolist and Les Nabis movements. His theories contributed to the foundations of cubism, fauvism, and abstract art.

Life and work

Maurice Denis was born November 25, 1870, in Granville, Manche, a coastal town in the Normandy region of France. Waters and coastlines would remain favorite subject matter throughout his career, as would material drawn from the bible. For such an avant-garde figure, Denis had a surprisingly broad religious streak, writing in his notebook at age fifteen, "Yes, it's necessary that I am a Christian painter, that I celebrate all the miracles of Christianity, I feel it's necessary." The Denis family was affluent, and young Maurice attended both the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian, where he studied with the French figure painter and theorist Jules Joseph Lefebvre.


At the Académie, he met painters and future Nabi members including Paul Sérusier, Pierre Bonnard; through Bonnard he also met the future Nabis Édouard Vuillard and Ker-Xavier Roussel. In 1890, they formed The Nabis. They chose "Nabi"—Hebrew for "Prophet"—because they understood they would be creating new forms of expression. The group would split apart by the end of the decade, and would influence the later work of both Bonnard and Vuillard, as well as non-Nabi painters like Henri Matisse.


Denis went on to focus on religious subjects and murals. In 1922, he published his collected historical and theoretical work as "Nouvelles théories sur l’art moderne, sur l’art sacré"—that is, "New Theories of Modern and Sacred Art." It is difficult to imagine another French artist capable of such a combination.


The subjects of his mature works include landscapes and figure studies, particularly of mother and child. But his primary interest remained the painting of religious subjects, like "The dignity of labour", commissioned in 1931 by the International Federation of Christian Trade Unions to decorate the main staircase of the Centre William Rappard.

Denis was among the first artists to insist on the flatness of the picture plane—one of the great starting points for modernism, as practiced in the visual arts.


In his famous proposal for the definition of painting, offered in 1890, he stated: "Remember that a picture, before being a battle horse, a nude, an anecdote or whatnot, is essentially a flat surface covered with colors assembled in a certain order."


In 1898, he produced a theory of creation that found the source for art in the character of the painter: "That which creates a work of art is the power and the will of the artist."

Denis, a Catholic tertiary, married his first wife, Marthe Meurier, in 1893. They had seven children, and she would pose for numerous Denis works. Following her death in 1919, Denis painted a chapel dedicated to her memory. Two years later, he married again, to Elisabeth Graterolle, and fathered two more children.


Denis died in Paris of injuries resulting from an automobile accident in November 1943. (The date of his death is variously listed as the 2nd, 3rd, or 13th.)


In 1980, the Maurice Denis Museum was opened in the artist's home in the Parisian suburb of Saint-Germain-en-Laye.


A major retrospective was mounted at The Musée Des Beaux Arts de Montréal in 2007; it was the first major Denis show in North America.


A similar exhibition took place in 1995 at the UK's Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool.

[Biography - Denis Maurice - 6Ko]
Maurice Denis , né le 25 novembre 1870 à Granville (Manche), mort à Paris le 13 novembre 1943, est un artiste peintre, décorateur, graveur, théoricien et historien de l'art français. Biographie Après des études au lycée Condorcet où il rencontre édouard Vuillard, Paul Sérusier et Ker-Xavier Roussel, Denis se forme au Louvre où les oeuvres de Fra An...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 8Ko]
Maurice Denis (* 25. November 1870 in Granville (Manche) &dagger 13. November 1943 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye) war ein französischer Maler des Symbolismus und Mitbegründer der Künstlergruppe Les Nabis. Leben und Werk Denis wurde als Sohn eines Eisenbahnbeamten geboren. 1871 zog die Familie nach Saint-Germain-en-Laye bei Paris, in dem er sein ganzes...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 4Ko]
Maurice Denis (Granville, 25 novembre 1870 - Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 13 novembre 1943) è stato un pittore francese. Biografia Maurice Denis nacque a Granville il 25 novembre 1870, figlio di un impiegato delle ferrovie e di una modista.Il periodo nel quale cominciò la sua attività artistica coincise con la nascita del movimento simbolista Denis rima...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 6Ko]
Maurice Denis (25 de noviembre de 1870 - noviembre de 1943) fue un pintor francés, escritor y miembro de los movimientos simbolismo y Les Nabis. Sus teorías contribuyeron a la fundación del cubismo, fauvismo, y arte abstracto. Biografía Nació en Granville (Normandía). Desde la infancia conoció al pintor Vuillard. En 1888 empezó a estudiar en la Aca...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 6Ko]
Мориса Дени (25 ноября 1870 г. - ноябрь 1943), французский художник и писатель, и член символистов и Les Наби движений. Его теории способствовали основы кубизма, фовизма и абстрактного искусства. Жизнь и работа Морис Дени родился 25 ноября 1870 года в Гранвиль, Манш, прибрежный город в Нормандии во Франции. Вод и побережий будут оставаться любимым ...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 5Ko]
莫里斯丹尼斯(1870年11月25日 - 1943年11月)是一个法国画家和作家的象征和Les Nabis运动的成员。他的理论贡献立体派,野兽派,抽象艺术的基础。 生活和工作 莫里斯丹尼斯是1870年11月25日,出生在加连威老道,芒什海峡,在法国诺曼底地区的一个沿海小镇。水域和海岸线将保持整个职业生涯中最喜爱的题材,从圣经得出的材料。对于这样一个前卫的数字,丹尼斯有一个令人惊讶的广泛宗教连胜,写在他的笔记本在年龄十五,“是的,它的必要我是一个基督徒画家,说我庆祝所有的基督教神迹,我觉得有必要。 “丹尼斯家庭富裕,年轻的莫里斯出席ECOLE DES美术艺术和Académie朱利安,在那里,他与法国图画家和理论家朱约瑟夫勒菲弗尔研究。 在Académie,他会见了画家和未来的彩蝶成员包括保罗S...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 3Ko]
Maurice Denis (25 de novembro de 1870 - Novembro de 1943) foi um pintor e escritor francês, e um membro do simbolista e movimentos Les Nabis. Suas teorias contribuíram para as bases do cubismo, fauvismo, e arte abstrata. Vida e obra Maurice Denis nasceu 25 de novembro de 1870, em Granville, Manche, uma cidade costeira na região da Normandia, na Fra...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 5Ko]
ダンテガブリエルロセッティは(1828年5月12日 - 1882年4月9日)英語の詩人、イラストレーター、画家、翻訳者だった。彼はウィリアムホルマンハント、ジョンエヴァレットミレイと1848年にラファエル前派を設立し、以降の動き、特にウィリアムモリスとエドワードバーンジョーンズの影響を受けたアーティストや作家の第二世代のための主なインスピレーションであることだった。彼の作品は、ヨーロッパのSymbolistsに影響を与えた、と彼はまた美学運動の主要な前駆体だった。 ロセッティの芸術は、その官能性とその中世の復興によって特徴付けられた。彼の初期の詩は、ジョンキーツの影響を受けていた。彼の後の詩は、特に彼のソネットシーケンスにおける思考と感情の複雑なインターリンク、生命の家によって特徴付けられた...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 5Ko]
モーリスドニ(1870年11月25日 - 1943年11月)は、フランスの画家や作家であり、象徴とナビ派の運動のメンバー。彼の理論は、キュービズム、フォービズム、そして抽象芸術の基礎に貢献した。 生活と仕事 モーリスドニはグランビル、マンシュ、フランスのノルマンディー地方の海岸沿いの町で、1870年11月25日生まれ。ウォーターズと海岸線は、聖書から引き出さと同じ材料として、彼のキャリアを通しての好きな主題のままになります。このような前衛的な数字の場合は、デニスは私がキリスト教のすべての奇跡を祝うこと、"はい、それは私がクリスチャン画家だということに必要な、15歳、彼のノートに書き込む、驚くほど広範な宗教的なストリークを持っていた、私はそれが必要だと考えています。 "デニスの家族は裕福であり...
[Biography - Denis Maurice - 3Ko]

 

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THREE MUSES, Oil by Denis Maurice (1870-1943, France)
/Art.nsf/O/5ZKH85/$File/Denis+Maurice+-+LES+TROIS+MUSES+(1893)+.JPG
In the guise of women dressed in contemporary clothing, Maurice Denis updates a subject taken from classical mythology – the muses who inspire the arts and sciences. But he transforms the theme profoundly, stripping the muses of the traditional attributes which allow them to be identified. In the group of three women sitting in the foreground we can see the figure of Marthe, whom the painter married in June 1893 and who inspired his art until her death. In a device common in Denis' work, she is shown twice: in profile in red and from the back, sitting on the chair. Maurice Denis has set the scene on the terrace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the town where he lived all his life. The century-old chestnut trees give the composition rhythm and decorative power. The regular strokes of the tree trunks are a pretext for a play of vertical lines which contrast with the curves and ornamental arabesques of the branches, the leaves strewn on the ground, and the patterns and folds of the dresses. The graphic play of lines and interlacing is intensified by the unreal, autumnal colours, painted in areas of flat colour and neatly outlined. The flattened space is that of a "sacred wood", the setting for a revelation and the figures' mysterious communication with nature and supernatural powers. An enigmatic tenth muse in the background (while traditionally there are only nine), with one arm raised to the light of the sky, convinces us of that.
Denis Maurice
Oil
Oil
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