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Twilight in the Wilderness, Oil On Canvas by Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900, United States)

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Framed Giclee Fine Art Frederic Edwin Church , Oil Painting Fine Art Frederic Edwin Church
Twilight in the Wilderness, Oil On Canvas by Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900, United States)
Framed Print Fine Art Frederic Edwin Church , Framed Giclee Fine Art Frederic Edwin Church

"Twilight in the Wilderness"

Frederic Edwin Church - Oil On Canvas - 102 x 163 cm - 1860 - (Cleveland Museum of Art (United States))

Thanks to some eagle-eyed collecting by Sherman Lee, who led the Cleveland Museum of Art from 1958 to 1983, the institution bought Church's 1860 "Twilight in the Wilderness," one of his greatest paintings, in 1965. The big panorama, which depicts a fiery sunset over a mountain lake in Maine, can usually be found in the museum's 19th-century galleries, where it holds court among works by Church's peers, including Cole and Bierstadt.



 
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Frederic Edwin Church (May 4, 1826 – April 7, 1900) was an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut. He was a central figure in the Hudson River School of American landscape painters. While committed to the natural sciences, he was "always concerned with including a spiritual dimension in his works."

Biography

The family wealth came from Church's father, Joseph Church, a silversmith and watchmaker in Hartford, Connecticut (Joseph subsequently also became an official and a director of The Aetna Life Insurance Company). Joseph, in turn, was the son of Samuel Church, who founded the first paper mill in Lee, Massachusetts in the Berkshires, and this allowed him (Frederic) to pursue his interest in art from a very early age. At eighteen years of age, Church became the pupil of Thomas Cole in Catskill, New York after Daniel Wadsworth, a family neighbor and founder of the Wadsworth Atheneum, introduced the two. In May 1848, Church was elected as the youngest Associate of the National Academy of Design and was promoted to Academician the following year. Soon after, he sold his first major work to Hartford's Wadsworth Atheneum.


Church settled in New York where he taught his first pupil, William James Stillman. From the spring to autumn each year Church would travel, often by foot, sketching. He returned each winter to paint and to sell his work.
In 1853 and 1857, Church traveled in South America. One trip was financed by businessman Cyrus West Field, who wished to use Church's paintings to lure investors to his South American ventures. Church was inspired by the Prussian explorer Alexander von Humboldt's Cosmos and his exploration of the continent; Humboldt had challenged artists to portray the "physiognomy" of the Andes.


Two years after returning to America, Church painted The Heart of the Andes (1859), now in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, at the Tenth Street Studio in New York City. It is more than five feet high and nearly ten feet in length (167.9 × 302.9 cm). Church unveiled the painting to an astonished public in New York City in 1859. The painting's frame had drawn curtains fitted to it, creating the illusion of a view out a window. The audience sat on benches to view the piece and Church strategically darkened the room, but spotlighted the landscape painting. Church also brought plants from a past trip to South America to heighten the viewers' experience. The public were charged admission and provided with opera glasses to examine the painting's details. The work was an instant success. Church eventually sold it for $10,000, at that time the highest price ever paid for a work by a living American artist.


Church showed his paintings at the annual exhibitions of the National Academy of Design, the American Art Union, and at the Boston Art Club, alongside Thomas Cole, Asher Brown Durand, John F. Kensett, and Jasper F. Cropsey. Critics and collectors appreciated the new art of landscape on display, and its progenitors came be to called the Hudson River School.


In 1860 Church bought a farm in Hudson, New York and married Isabel Carnes. Both Church's first son and daughter died in March, 1865 of diphtheria, but he and his wife started a new family with the birth of Frederic Joseph in 1866. When he and his wife had a family of four children, they began to travel together. In 1867 they visited Europe and the Middle East, allowing Church to return to painting larger works.
Before leaving on that trip, Church purchased the eighteen acres (73,000 m²) on the hilltop above his Hudson farm—land he had long wanted because of its magnificent views of the Hudson River and the

Catskills. In 1870 he began the construction of a Persian-inspired mansion on the hilltop and the family moved into the home in the summer of 1872. Richard Morris Hunt was the architect for Cosy Cottage at Olana, and was consulted early on in the plans for the mansion, but after the Church's trip to Europe and what is now Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Egypt, the English architect Calvert Vaux was hired to complete the project. Church was deeply involved in the process, even completing his own architectural sketches for its design. This highly personal and eclectic castle incorporated many of the design ideas that he had acquired during his travels.


Illness affected Church's output. Although he was enormously successful as an artist by 1876 Church was stricken with rheumatoid arthritis which greatly reduced his ability to paint. He eventually painted with his left hand and continued to produce his work although on a much slower pace. He devoted much of his energies during the final 20 years of his life to his house at Olana. Church died on April 7, 1900. He is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, Hartford, Connecticut.

[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 7Ko]
Frederic Edwin Church , né à Hartford (Connecticut) le 4 mai 1826 et mort le 7 avril 1900, est un peintre paysagiste américain. Il fut une figure centrale de l'« école du fleuve Hudson » qui regroupait des paysagistes américains. L'aisance financière de son père lui permit de se consacrer précocément à l'art. à 18 ans, il devint l'élève de Thomas C...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 3Ko]
Frederic Edwin Church (* 4. Mai 1826 in Hartford, Connecticut &dagger 7. April 1900) war ein US-amerikanischer Landschaftsmaler. Churchs wohlhabender Vater unterstützte das Interesse seines Sohnes für die Malerei bereits in jungen Jahren. Im Alter von 18 Jahren wurde Church in Catskill, New York, Schüler von Thomas Cole. 1849 wurde Church zum Mit...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 3Ko]
Frederic Edwin Church (Hartford, 4 maggio 1826 - New York, 7 aprile 1900) è stato un pittore statunitense, figura centrale della Hudson River School, è famoso per una serie di quadri di grandi dimensioni ricchi di dettagli scientifici. Biografia Nato in una famiglia benestante, poté dedicarsi all'arte senza preoccupazioni economiche fin dalla giova...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 5Ko]
Frederic Edwin Church (Hartford, 4 de mayo de 1826 - Nueva York, 7 de abril de 1900) fue un pintor paisajista estadounidense. Fue una figura central de la Escuela del río Hudson de pintores paisajistas estadounidense. Fue alumno de Thomas Cole en Palenville, New York. Se le conoció, sobre todo, por pintar vistas colosales, a menudo en ubicaciones e...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 2Ko]
Фредерик Эдвин Церкви (4 мая 1826 - 7 апреля 1900) американский художник-пейзажист родился в Хартфорде, штат Коннектикут. Он был центральной фигурой в школе реки Гудзон американских пейзажистов. Хотя привержены естественные науки, он "всегда озабочен тем, в том числе духовное измерение в своих работах". Биография Семья богатство пришло от отца Церк...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 6Ko]
弗雷德里克埃德温教会(5月4,1826 - 1900年4月7日)是一个出生在康涅狄格州哈特福德的美国风景画家。他是美国风景画家在哈得逊河学校的中心人物。在致力于自然科学,他“总是在他的作品包括精神层面的问题。” 传记 家族财富来自教会的父亲,约瑟夫教堂,银匠和钟表匠在康涅狄格州哈特福德(约瑟夫随后也成为官方和安泰人寿保险公司的董事)。约瑟夫,反过来,是儿子塞缪尔教会,谁创立的第一篇论文在美国马萨诸塞州李,在伯克郡的磨,这使得他(弗雷德里克)从很小的时候就他追求艺术的兴趣。在18岁以下,教会成为托马斯科尔在卡茨基尔,纽约的瞳孔后,一个家庭的邻居和沃兹沃斯雅典庙宇的创始人,丹尼尔沃兹沃斯推出两个。教会是在1848年5月,当选为国家设计学院最年轻的副,并晋升为院士次年。不久之后,他卖掉了他的第一个...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 3Ko]
Frederic Edwin Church (4 de maio de 1826 - 7 de abril, 1900) foi um pintor de paisagens americano nascido em Hartford, Connecticut. Ele foi uma figura central na Escola do Rio Hudson de pintores paisagem americana. Embora esteja empenhada com as ciências naturais, ele foi "sempre se preocupa com a inclusão da dimensão espiritual em suas obras." Bio...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 7Ko]
Frederic Edwin Church (4 de maio de 1826 – 7 de abril de 1900) foi um pintor paisagista estadounidense, nascido em Hartford, Connecticut. Foi a figura central da Escola do Rio Hudson de pintores e paisagistas estadounidenses. Foi aluno de Thomas Cole em Palenville, Nova York. Tornou-se conhecido, sobretudo, por pintar paisagens colossais, com frequ...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 2Ko]
フレデリックエドウィンチャーチ(1826年5月4日 - 1900年4月7日)は、ハートフォード、コネチカットで生まれたアメリカの風景画家であった。彼はアメリカの風景画家のハドソン川の学校の中心的人物だった。自然科学にコミットしながら、彼は"いつも彼の作品における精神的次元を含めて心配。"でした。 バイオグラフィー 家族の富は、教会の父、ジョセフ教会、ハートフォード、コネチカット(ジョセフはその後も公式のとエトナの生命保険会社のディレクターに就任)の銀細工と時計職人から来ました。ジョセフは、順番に、バークシャーのリー、マサチューセッツ州で最初の製紙工場を設立したサミュエル教会、の息子であり、これは彼(フレデリック)は幼い頃から芸術への関心を追求することができました。ダニエルズワース、家族の隣人...
[Biography - Frederic Edwin Church - 3Ko]

 

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Twilight in the Wilderness, Oil On Canvas by Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900, United States)
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Thanks to some eagle-eyed collecting by Sherman Lee, who led the Cleveland Museum of Art from 1958 to 1983, the institution bought Church's 1860 "Twilight in the Wilderness," one of his greatest paintings, in 1965. The big panorama, which depicts a fiery sunset over a mountain lake in Maine, can usually be found in the museum's 19th-century galleries, where it holds court among works by Church's peers, including Cole and Bierstadt.
Frederic Edwin Church
Oil On Canvas
Oil On Canvas
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