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The Hireling Shepherd, Oil On Canvas by William Holman Hunt (1827-1910, United Kingdom)

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Framed Giclee Fine Art William Holman Hunt , Oil Painting Fine Art William Holman Hunt
The Hireling Shepherd, Oil On Canvas by William Holman Hunt (1827-1910, United Kingdom)
Framed Print Fine Art William Holman Hunt , Framed Giclee Fine Art William Holman Hunt

"The Hireling Shepherd"

William Holman Hunt - Oil On Canvas - 76 x 110 cm - 1851 - (Manchester Art Gallery (Manchester, United Kingdom))

The Hireling Shepherd (1851) is a painting by the Pre-Raphaelite artist William Holman Hunt. It represents a shepherd neglecting his flock in favour of an attractive country girl to whom he shows a death's-head hawkmoth. The meaning of the image has been much debated.
Hunt painted the picture when he was working in close collaboration with John Everett Millais, who was painting Ophelia at the same time in the same region of Surrey. Both paintings depict English rural scenes, the innocence of which is disturbed by subtle but profoundly threatening violations of natural harmony. In Hunt's painting, the shepherd ignores his flock of sheep, who wander over a ditch into a field of corn. This violation of boundaries is paralleled by the shepherd's physical intrusions into the personal space of the young woman, who responds in an ambiguous way that might be interpreted as complicity or as a knowing scepticism. As he shows her the moth, he places his arm round her shoulder.



 
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 William Holman Hunt
William Holman Hunt was a member of the 19th century artistic group the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, more commonly referred to as the Pre-Raphaelites. Hunt was an English painter, like most of the other Pre-Raphaelites, and thought that art should return to the aesthetic qualities held dear in the Renaissance by artists such as intricate detail and the use of bold colors. Holman painted many different subjects and themes throughout his life, everything ranging from landscapes to still life to religious subjects. The works that always received the most acclaim, and those that are best remembered today, are those that depict a religious scene or else have a strong religious backing to it.
[Page - William Holman Hunt - 4Ko]
William Holman Hunt OM (2 April 1827 – 7 September 1910) was an English painter, and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

William Holman Hunt changed his middle name from "Hobman" to Holman when he discovered that a clerk had misspelled the name after his baptism at the church of Saint Mary the Virgin, Ewell. After eventually entering the Royal Academy art schools, having initially been rejected, Hunt rebelled against the influence of its founder Sir Joshua Reynolds. He formed the Pre-Raphaelite movement in 1848, after meeting the poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Along with John Everett Millais they sought to revitalise art by emphasising the detailed observation of the natural world in a spirit of quasi-religious devotion to truth. This religious approach was influenced by the spiritual qualities of medieval art, in opposition to the alleged rationalism of the Renaissance embodied by Raphael. He had many pupils including Robert Braithwaite Martineau.

Hunt married twice. After a failed engagement to his model Annie Miller, he married Fanny Waugh, who later modelled for the figure of Isabella. When she died in childbirth in Italy he sculpted her tomb at Fiesole, having it brought down to the English Cemetery, beside the tomb of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. His second wife, Edith, was Fanny's sister. At this time it was illegal in Britain to marry one's deceased wife's sister, so Hunt was forced to travel abroad to marry her. This led to a serious breach with other family members, notably his former Pre-Raphaelite colleague Thomas Woolner, who had once been in love with Fanny and had married Alice, the third sister of Fanny and Edith.

Hunt's works were not initially successful, and were widely attacked in the art press for their alleged clumsiness and ugliness. He achieved some early note for his intensely naturalistic scenes of modern rural and urban life, such as The Hireling Shepherd and The Awakening Conscience. However, it was with his religious paintings that he became famous, initially The Light of the World (1851-1853, now in the chapel at Keble College, Oxford; a later version (1900) toured the world and now has its home in St Paul's Cathedral.

In the mid 1850s Hunt travelled to the Holy Land in search of accurate topographical and ethnographical material for further religious works, and to “use my powers to make more tangible Jesus Christ’s history and teaching”; there he painted The Scapegoat, The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple and The Shadow of Death, along with many landscapes of the region. Hunt also painted many works based on poems, such as Isabella and The Lady of Shalott. He eventually built his own house in Jerusalem.

Artistic style

Hunt's paintings were notable for their great attention to detail, vivid colour and elaborate symbolism. These features were influenced by the writings of John Ruskin and Thomas Carlyle, according to whom the world itself should be read as a system of visual signs. For Hunt it was the duty of the artist to reveal the correspondence between sign and fact. Out of all the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Hunt remained most true to their ideals throughout his career. He eventually had to give up painting because failing eyesight meant that he could not get the level of quality that he wanted. His last major work, The Lady of Shalott, was completed with the help of an assistant (Edward Robert Hughes).

Awards and commemoration

Hunt published an autobiography in 1905 Many of his late writings are attempts to control the interpretation of his work. That year, he was appointed to the Order of Merit by King Edward VII. At the end of his life he lived in Sonning-on-Thames. His personal life was the subject of Diana Holman-Hunt's book My Grandfather, his Life and Loves.
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 5Ko]
William Holman Hunt OM (2 avril 1827 au 7 Septembre 1910) était un peintre anglais, et l'un des fondateurs de la Confrérie préraphaélite. William Holman Hunt a changé son prénom de «Hobman" à Holman quand il a découvert que le greffier avait mal orthographié le nom après son baptême à l'église de la Vierge Marie, Ewell. Après finalement entrer dans...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 6Ko]
William Holman Hunt OM (2 April 1827 - 7. September 1910) war ein englischer Maler und einer der Gründer der Präraffaeliten. William Holman Hunt änderte seinen Vornamen von "Hobman" zu Holman, als er entdeckt, dass ein Angestellter hatte den Namen nach seiner Taufe Rechtschreibfehler in der Kirche von Saint Mary the Virgin, Ewell. Nach Eingabe schl...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 6Ko]
William Holman Hunt OM (2 Apr 1827 - 7 settembre 1910) è stato un pittore inglese, e uno dei fondatori della Confraternita dei preraffaelliti. William Holman Hunt cambiato il suo secondo nome da "Hobman" di Holman quando scoprì che un impiegato aveva scritto male il nome dopo il suo battesimo presso la chiesa di Santa Maria Vergine, Ewell. Dopo ave...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 5Ko]
William Holman Hunt OM (abril 2, 1827-septiembre 7, 1910) fue un pintor Inglés, y uno de los fundadores de la Hermandad Prerrafaelita. William Holman Hunt cambiado su segundo nombre de "Hobman" a Holman cuando descubrió que un empleado había escrito mal el nombre después de su bautismo en la iglesia de Santa María la Virgen, Ewell. Después de final...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 6Ko]
Уи́льям Хо́лман Хант (англ. William Holman Hunt), в старом написании — Гольмен Гунт (2 апреля 1827 — 7 сентября 1910) — английский живописец, один из основателей Братства прерафаэлитов. Настоящее имя — Уильям Хобман Хант, однако Хант сам изменил вторую часть имени, а под конец жизни она слилась с фамилией: Holman-Hunt. Хант был студентом Королевско...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 3Ko]
威廉·霍爾曼·亨特,OM(William Holman Hunt,1827年4月2日-1910年9月7日),英國畫家。他是前拉斐爾派的創始人之一。 他本來的中間名是“霍布曼”(Hobman),但他非常不喜歡這個名子。在他進行婚禮時牧師竟然把他中間的名子拼錯,從那時開始他開始自稱為霍爾曼了。 在經過一番努力申請後,年輕的亨特終於進入了英國皇家藝術學院。不久後他便向學院造反,在1848年組織了前拉斐爾派,和他一起的還有但丁·加百列·羅塞蒂及約翰·艾佛雷特·米萊。他們希望藉著注重對自然狀態細節的觀察,以有如宗教般的精神對事物的真相作描繪。這種宗教般的態度深受中世紀藝術在心靈上的特質所影響,並且反對自從文藝復興以來拉斐爾的理性主義。 亨特的作品最初並不成功,被許多藝術界的報刊攻擊為笨拙而難看。他早期...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 2Ko]
ウィリアム・ホルマン・ハント(William Holman Hunt、1827年4月2日 - 1910年9月7日)は、19世紀から20世紀のイギリスの画家。ラファエル前派の一員に数えられる。 1848年、ロンドンのロイヤル・アカデミー付属美術学校の学生であったハントは、学友のジョン・エヴァレット・ミレー、ダンテ・ゲイブリエル・ロセッティらとともに「ラファエル前派」(Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood)を結成した。「ラファエル」とはイタリア・ルネサンスの巨匠であり、西洋古典絵画の代名詞とも言える画家ラファエロのことを指す。「ラファエロ以前」という言葉には、19世紀当時のアカデミーにおける古典偏重の美術教育に異を唱える意味があった。ラファエル前派に思想的な面で影響を与えたのは、...
[Biography - William Holman Hunt - 2Ko]

 

 

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The Hireling Shepherd, Oil On Canvas by William Holman Hunt (1827-1910, United Kingdom)
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The Hireling Shepherd (1851) is a painting by the Pre-Raphaelite artist William Holman Hunt. It represents a shepherd neglecting his flock in favour of an attractive country girl to whom he shows a death's-head hawkmoth. The meaning of the image has been much debated. Hunt painted the picture when he was working in close collaboration with John Everett Millais, who was painting Ophelia at the same time in the same region of Surrey. Both paintings depict English rural scenes, the innocence of which is disturbed by subtle but profoundly threatening violations of natural harmony. In Hunt's painting, the shepherd ignores his flock of sheep, who wander over a ditch into a field of corn. This violation of boundaries is paralleled by the shepherd's physical intrusions into the personal space of the young woman, who responds in an ambiguous way that might be interpreted as complicity or as a knowing scepticism. As he shows her the moth, he places his arm round her shoulder.
William Holman Hunt
Oil On Canvas
Oil On Canvas
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