|Emil Nolde (7 August 1867 – 13 April 1956) was a German painter and printmaker. He was one of the first Expressionists, a member of Die Brücke, and is considered to be one of the great oil painting and watercolour painters of the 20th century. He is known for his vigorous brushwork and expressive choice of colors. Golden yellows and deep reds appear frequently in his work, giving a luminous quality to otherwise somber tones. His watercolors include vivid, brooding storm-scapes and brilliant florals.|
Nolde's intense preoccupation with the subject of flowers reflect his continuing interest in the art of Vincent Van Gogh.
Emil Nolde was born as Emil Hansen near the village of Nolde, (since 1920 part of the municipality of Burkal in Southern Jutland, Denmark), in the Prussian-occupied Duchy of Schleswig. He grew up on a farm; his parents, devout Protestants, were Frisian and Danish peasants. Between 1884 and 1888, he trained as a craftsman and worked in woodcarving, and worked in furniture factories as a young adult. In 1889, he gained entrance into the School of Applied Arts in Karlsruhe before becoming a drawing-instructor in Switzerland from 1892 to 1898, eventually leaving this job to finally pursue his dream of becoming an independent artist. As a child he had loved to paint and draw, but he was already 31 by the time he pursued a career as an artist. When he was rejected by the Munich Academy of Fine Arts in 1898, he spent the next three years taking private painting classes, visiting Paris, and becoming familiar with the contemporary impressionist scene that was popular at this time. He married Danish actress Ada Vilstrup in 1902 and moved to Berlin, where he would meet collector Gustav Schiefler and artist Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, both of whom would advocate his work later in life. He spent a brief time between 1906-1907 as a member of the revolutionary expressionist group Die Brücke, and as a member of the Berlin Secession in 1908-1910, but he eventually left or was expelled from both of these groups – foreshadowing of the difficulty Nolde had maintaining relationships with the organizations to which he belonged. He had achieved some fame by this time and exhibited with Kandinsky’s Der Blaue Reiter group in 1912, supporting himself through his art. From 1902 he called himself after his birthplace.
He realized his unsuitability for farm life and that he and his three brothers were not at all alike. Between 1884 and 1891, he studied to become a carver and illustrator in Flensburg. He spent his years of travel in Munich, Karlsruhe and Berlin. From 1906 to 1907 he was a member of the artist group Die Brücke (The Bridge).
Nolde was a supporter of the Nazi party from the early 1920s, having become a member of its Danish section. He expressed negative opinions about Jewish artists, and considered Expressionism to be a distinctively Germanic style. This view was shared by some other members of the Nazi party, notably Joseph Goebbels and Fritz Hippler.
However Hitler rejected all forms of modernism as "degenerate art", and the Nazi regime officially condemned Nolde's work. Until that time he had been held in great prestige in Germany. 1052 of his works were removed from museums, more than those of any other artist. Some were included in the Degenerate Art exhibition of 1937, despite his protests, including (later) a personal appeal to Nazi gauleiter Baldur von Schirach in Vienna. He was not allowed to paint—even in private—after 1941. Nevertheless, during this period he created hundreds of watercolors, which he hid. He called them the "Unpainted Pictures".
In 1942 Nolde wrote:
There is silver blue, sky blue and thunder blue. Every colour holds within it a soul, which makes me happy or repels me, and which acts as a stimulus. To a person who has no art in him, colours are colours, tones tones...and that is all. All their consequences for the human spirit, which range between heaven to hell, just go unnoticed.
After World War II, Nolde was once again honoured, receiving the German Order of Merit, West Germany's highest civilian decoration. He died in Seebüll (now part of Neukirchen).
Apart from paintings, Nolde's work includes many prints, often in color and watercolor paintings of various sizes, including landscapes, religious images, flowers, stormy seas and scenes from Berlin nightlife. A famous series of paintings covers the German New Guinea Expedition, visiting the South Seas, Moscow, Siberia, Korea, Japan, and China. The Schiefler Catalogue raisonné of his prints describes 231 etchings, 197 woodcuts, 83 lithographs, and 4 hectographs.
Nolde's work is exhibited at major museums around the world, including Portrait of a Young Woman and a Child, Portrait of a Man ca. 1926, and Portrait of a Young Girl 1913-1914 at the Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia; and Prophet, 1921 and Young Couple 1913 at Museum of Modern Art, New York City. His most important print, The Prophet (1912), is an icon of 20th-century art. Unfortunately, the full power of this print comes out only in impressions printed on Japanese paper, which are extremely rare.
No less a virtuoso in oils, he executed Lesende junge Frau (1906), Blumengarten (ohne Figur) (1908) and Blumen und Wolken (1933) which are iconic works in their own right.
Emil Nolde's work has become the focus of renewed attention after a painting entitled Blumengarten (Utenwarf) from 1917, which now hangs in the art museum Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden and has been valued at US$4,000,000, was discovered to have been looted from Otto Nathan Deutsch, a German-Jewish refugee whose heirs, including a Holocaust survivor, are asking for its return. The Swedish government decided in 2007 that the museum must settle with the heirs. Deutsch was forced to flee Germany before World War II and left for Amsterdam in late 1938 or early 1939. The painting was sold to the Swedish museum at an auction in Switzerland, where it had resurfaced in 1967. Other important works:
Lesende junge frau, 1906, oil on canvas, Kunsthalle Kiel
Blumengarten (ohne Figur), 1908, oil on canvas, Sabo Stickel Estate (Private Collection)
Anna Wieds Garten, 1907, oil on canvas, Private Collection
Steigende Wolken, 1927, oil on canvas, Karl-Ernst-Osthaus-Museum, Hagen
Grosse Sonnenblumen, 1928, oil on canvas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Blumen und Wolken, 1933, oil on canvas, Museum Sprengel, Hanover
In recent years, Nolde's paintings have achieved prices of several million US dollars, in auctions conducted by the leading international auction houses.
Emil Nolde, né Hans Emil Hansen le 7 août 1867 à Nolde (de), Schleswig-Holstein et mort le 13 avril 1956 à Seebüll, est un peintre expressionniste et un aquarelliste allemand. Fils de paysan du Schleswig, Emil Nolde pratique la sculpture ornementale avant de s'intéresser à la peinture. Il apprend le dessin à Karlsruhe, puis à Saint-Gall en Suisse o...|
Emil Nolde (* 7. August 1867 als Hans Emil Hansen in Nolde bei Buhrkall, Provinz Schleswig-Holstein † 13. April 1956 in Seebüll) war einer der führenden Maler des Expressionismus. Er ist einer der großen Aquarellisten in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts. Nolde ist bekannt für seine ausdrucksstarke Farbwahl. Emil Nolde wurde einige Kilometer östlich ...|
Emil Hansen, chiamato Emil Nolde (Nolde, 7 agosto 1867 – Seebüll, 13 aprile 1956), è stato un pittore tedesco. Emil Nolde nacque nel paesino tedesco di Nolde, vicino al confine con la Danimarca il suo vero nome era Emil Hansen ma, a partire dal 1902, si fece chiamare come il paese natale, per sottolineare il legame con la sua terra. Dal 1884 al 18...|
Emil Nolde (Nolde, Gemeinde Buhrkall, 7 de agosto de 1867 - Seebüll Neukirchen, Nordfriesland, 15 de abril de 1956) fue uno de los más destacados pintores expresionistas alemanes. Su verdadero nombre era Emil Hansen. Estuvo muy influido por Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch y James Ensor. Emil Nolde ha sido considerado como uno de los grandes acuareli...|
Эмиль Нольде (7 августа 1867 - 13 апреля 1956) был немецкий живописец и гравер. Он был одним из первых экспрессионистов, член Die Brücke, и считается одним из великих масляной живописи и акварели художников 20 века. Он известен своей энергичной кистью и выразительные выбор цветов. Золотой желтый и глубокий красный часто появляются в его работе, что...|
埃米尔诺尔德（1867年8月7日 - 1956年4月13日）是德国画家和版画家。他的第一个表现主义，模具Brücke的成员之一，被认为是20世纪伟大的油画和水彩画画家之一。他是他有力的笔法和色彩表现力的选择。金黄色和深红色经常出现在他的工作，否则忧郁的色调给人一种发光质量。他的水彩画包括生动，育雏风暴景观和灿烂的花香。 诺尔德的主题花激烈的当务之急，反映他在文森特凡高艺术的持续关注。 埃米尔汉森附近村的诺尔德（自1920年以来Burkal在丹麦日德兰半岛南部，直辖市的一部分），埃米尔诺尔德出生在石勒苏益格占领普鲁士大公国。他在农场长大，他的父母，虔诚的新教徒，弗里斯兰和丹麦的农民。 1884年和1888年间，他作为一个工匠训练，并在木雕工作，并在家具厂工作作为一个年轻的成年人。 1889年，...|
Emil Nolde (07 de agosto de 1867 - 13 de Abril de 1956) foi um pintor alemão e gravurista. Ele foi um dos expressionistas em primeiro lugar, um membro do Die Brücke, e é considerado um dos grandes da pintura a óleo e aquarela pintores do século 20. Ele é conhecido por suas pinceladas vigorosas e escolha de cores expressivas. Amarelos dourados e ver...|
エミールノルデ（1867年8月7日 - 1956年4月13日）はドイツの画家と版画家だった。彼は、ダイブリュッケのメンバー第一表現主義の一つであり、20世紀の偉大な油絵や水彩画の画家の一人であると考えられる。彼は彼の精力的な筆致と色彩の表現の選択のために知られています。黄金の黄色と深紅は、そうでない場合はくすんだ色調に発光品質を与えて、彼の作品に頻繁に現れる。彼の水彩画は、鮮やかな、陰気な嵐-スケープと鮮やかな花柄などがあります。 花の主題によるノルデの強烈な関心事は、ヴィンセントヴァンゴッホの芸術に彼の継続的な関心を反映している。 エミールノルデは、シュレースヴィヒ=ホルシュタインのプロイセンの占領下にあった公国で、ノルデの村、（南ユトランド、デンマークのBurkalの自治体の1920...||