| Berthe MorisotBerthe Morisot was the daughter of a well to do family living in France. Berthe, along with her sister, always had the best of tutors, teaching her all different subjects. Eventually the notion of painting came up. Both girls were interested and wished to learn more. Berthe’s interest soon became a passion and her parents began to worry. They wanted their daughter to marry and have a family, not pursue a career in painting. Besides, everyone said that their eldest daughter was the better painter.
|Berthe Morisot (January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) was a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists. Undervalued for over a century, possibly because she was a woman, she is now considered among the first league of Impressionist painters.|
In 1864, she exhibited for the first time in the highly esteemed Salon de Paris. Sponsored by the government, and judged by academicians, the Salon was the official, annual exhibition of the Académie des beaux-arts in Paris. Her work was selected for exhibition in six subsequent Salonsuntil, in 1874, she joined the "rejected" Impressionists in the first of their own exhibitions, which included Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Morisot, Camille Pissarro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Alfred Sisley. It was held at the studio of the photographer Nadar.
She became the sister-in-law of her friend and colleague, Édouard Manet, when she married his brother, Eugène.
Berthe Morisot, The Cradle, 1872, Musée d'OrsayMorisot was born in Bourges, Cher, France into a successful bourgeois family. Both she and her sister, Edma Morisot, chose to become painters. Once Berthe Morisot settled on pursuing art, her family did not impede her career.
She was born into a family that, according to family tradition, had included one of the most prolific Rococo painters of the ancien régime, Fragonard, whose handling of color and expressive, confident brushwork influenced later painters. By age twenty, she had met and befriended the important, and pivotal, landscape painter of the Barbizon School, Camille Corot, who excelled in figure painting as well.
The older artist instructed Berthe and her sister in painting and introduced them to other artists and teachers. Under Corot's influence, Morisot took up the plein air method of working. As art students, Berthe and Edma worked closely together until Edma married, had children, and no longer had time to paint so intensely as Berthe. Letters between them show a loving and cordial relationship, underscored by Berthe's regret at the distance between them and about Edma's withdrawal from painting. Edma wholeheartedly supported Berthe's continued work and the families of the two sisters always remained close.
Manet and impressionism
Berthe Morisot, Grain field, Musée d'OrsayMorisot's first appearance in the Salon de Paris came at the age of twenty-three in 1864, with the acceptance of two landscape paintings. She continued to show regularly in the Salon, to generally favorable reviews, until 1873, the year before the first Impressionist exhibition.
Berthe Morisot, L'Enfant au Tablier Rouge, a sketchMeanwhile, in 1868 Morisot became acquainted with Édouard Manet. He took a special interest in Morisot, as is evident from his warm portrayal of her in several paintings, including a striking portrait study of Morisot in a black veil, while in mourning for her father's death (displayed at the top of the article). Correspondence between them bespeaks affection. He once gave her an easel as a Christmas present. He also interfered in one of her Salon submissions when he was engaged to transport it. Manet mistook one of Morisot's self-criticisms as an invitation to add his corrections, which he did, much to Morisot's dismay.
Although traditionally Manet has been related as the master and Morisot as the follower, there is evidence that their relationship was a reciprocating one. Morisot had developed her own distinctive artistic style. Records of paintings show Manet's approval and appreciation of certain stylistic and compositional decisions that Morisot originated. He incorporated some of these characteristics into his own work.
Berthe Morisot, Child among Staked Roses, 1881, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, CologneIt was Morisot who convinced Manet to attempt plein air painting, which she had been practicing since having been introduced to it by Corot.
She also drew Manet into the circle of painters who soon became known as the Impressionists. In 1874, Morisot married Manet's brother, Eugene, and they had one daughter, Julie. Julie Manet became the subject for many of her mother's paintings and a book of her memoirs Growing Up with the Impressionists: The Diary of Julie Manet, was published in 1987.
As a doctrinaire Impressionist as well as a member of the haute bourgeoisie, Morisot painted what she experienced on a daily basis. Her paintings reflect the 19th century cultural restrictions of her class and gender. She avoided urban and street scenes as well as the nude figure and, like her fellow female Impressionist Mary Cassatt, focused on domestic life and portraits in which she could use family and personal friends as models. Paintings like The Cradle (1872), in which she depicted current trends for nursery furniture, reflect her sensitivity to fashion and advertising, both of which would have been apparent to her female audience.
Her works include not only landscapes, portraits, garden settings and boating scenes, but also subjects portraying the comfort and intimacy of family and domestic life, as did her colleagues, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Mary Cassatt.
Berthe Morisot died on March 2, 1895 in Paris and was interred in the Cimetière de Passy.
Berthe Morisot (née le 14 janvier 1841 à Bourges - morte le 2 mars 1895 à Paris) était une artiste peintre française liée au mouvement impressionniste. Biographie Berthe Morisot naît à Bourges d'un père préfet du département du Cher. Elle est l'arrière petite-nièce du peintre Jean Honoré Fragonard. Sa famille s'installe définitivement à Paris en 18...|
Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (* 14. Januar 1841 in Bourges &dagger 2. März 1895 in Paris), auch Berthe Manet, war eine französische Malerin des Impressionismus. Sie entstammte einer wohlhabenden französischen Familie und erhielt Privatunterricht im Malen und Zeichnen. In den 1860er Jahren war sie eine Schülerin von Camille Corot. Sie lehnte aller...|
Berthe Marie Pauline Morisot (Bourges, 14 gennaio 1841 - Parigi, 2 marzo 1895) è stata una pittrice francese. I genitori, in particolare il padre, importante funzionario statale, le insegnano a disegnare e la incoraggiano a seguire gli studi artistici, accogliendo volentieri i suoi amici pittori, tra cui Edgar Degas. Berthe mostra un notevole talen...|
Berthe Morisot (Bourges, Francia 14 de enero de 1841 - París 2 de marzo de 1895), pintora impresionista francesa. Biografía Nacida en Bourges, en el seno de una familia burguesa, fue precisamente su familia quien animó a Berthe y a su hermana Edma a iniciarse en el arte. Morisot demostró la posibilidades de las mujeres en las artes a fines del si...|
Берта Моризо (14 января 1841 - 2 марта 1895) был художником и членом кружка художников в Париже, который стал известен как импрессионисты. Недооцененная на протяжении более века, возможно, потому что она была женщиной, она в настоящее время считается одним из первых лиге импрессионистов. В 1864 году она выставила в первый раз в высоко ценили Салон ...|
巴馥Morisot（1月14日，1841 - 1895年3月2日）在巴黎的画家和谁成为被称为印象派画家圈的成员。低估了一个多世纪，可能是因为她是一个女人，她现在被认为是印象派画家之间的第一个联赛。 1864年，她首次在巴黎的高度尊敬的沙龙展出。由政府赞助，由院士判断，沙龙是官方的，Académie des Beaux艺术在巴黎每年的展览。展览选择在六个随后Salonsuntil，她的工作是在1874年，她加入了自己的展览，其中包括莫奈，塞尚，埃德加德加，Morisot，毕沙罗，皮埃尔 - 奥古斯特雷诺阿的“拒绝”印象派，阿尔弗雷德西斯莱。这是摄影师纳达尔的工作室举行。 她成了她的朋友和同事，马奈，当她嫁给了他的弟弟，尤金的嫂嫂。 教育 巴馥Morisot的摇篮，1872年，出生在布尔，雪儿，...|
Berthe Morisot (14 de janeiro de 1841 - 2 de marco de 1895) foi um pintor e um membro do círculo de pintores em Paris, que ficou conhecido como os impressionistas. Subvalorizadas por mais de um século, possivelmente porque ela era uma mulher, ela é agora considerado entre a primeira liga de pintores impressionistas. Em 1864, ela exibiu pela primeir...|
ベルトモリゾ（1841年1月14日 - 1895年3月2日）は印象派として知られるようになったパリの画家や画家のサークルのメンバーだった。彼女が女性だったことがあるため、世紀以上にわたって過小評価、彼女は現在、印象派の画家の最初のリーグの間で考えられている。 1864年に、彼女は非常に尊敬サロンドパリで初めて展示。政府主催の、そして学者によって審査、サロンは、パリのアカデミーデボザールの公式、毎年恒例の展示会だった。彼女の作品は6つの後続Salonsuntilの展覧会のために選択され、1874年に、彼女はポールセザンヌ、エドガードガ、モネ、モリゾー、カミーユピサロ、ピエール=オーギュストルノワールを、含まれる独自の展覧会の最初の"拒否"印象派を、入社とアルフレッドシスレー。それは、写真家ナダ...||