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Optophone II, Canvas by Francis Picabia (1879-1953, France)

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Framed Giclee Fine Art Francis Picabia , Oil Painting Fine Art Francis Picabia
Optophone II, Canvas by Francis Picabia (1879-1953, France)
Framed Giclee Fine Art Francis Picabia , Oil Painting Fine Art Francis Picabia

"Optophone II"



 
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Francis Picabia (born François Marie Martinez Picabia, 22 January 1879 – 30 November 1953) was a French painter and poet.

Biography

Francis Picabia was born in Paris of a French mother and a Spanish-Cuban father who was an attaché at the Cuban legation in Paris. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was seven. His father was of aristocratic Spanish descent. Financially independent, Picabia studied under Fernand Cormon and others at the École des Arts Decoratifs in the late 1890s. In 1894, Picabia financed his stamp collection by copying a collection of Spanish paintings that belonged to his father, switching the originals for the copies, without his father's knowledge, and selling the originals. Fernand Cormon took him into his academy at 104 boulevard de Clichy, where Van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec had also studied. From the age of 20, he lived by painting; he subsequently inherited money from his mother.

In the beginning of his career, from 1903 to 1908, he was influenced by the Impressionist paintings of Alfred Sisley. Little churches, lanes, roofs of Paris, riverbanks, wash houses, lanes, barges—these were his subject matter. Some however, began to question his sincerity and said he copied Sisley, or that his cathedrals looked like Monet, or that he painted like Signac. From 1909, he came under the influence of the cubists and the Golden Section (Section d'Or). The same year, he married Gabrielle Buffet.

Around 1911 he joined the Puteaux Group, which met at the studio of Jacques Villon in the village of Puteaux. There he became friends with artist Marcel Duchamp and close friends with Guillaume Apollinaire.

Other group members included Albert Gleizes, Roger de La Fresnaye, Fernand Léger and Jean Metzinger.

In 1913 Picabia was the only member of the Cubist group to personally attend the Armory Show, and Alfred Stieglitz gave him a solo exhibition at his gallery 291. From 1913 to 1915 Picabia traveled to New York City several times and took active part in the avant-garde movements, introducing Modern art to America. When he landed in New York in the June of 1915, though it was meant to be a simple port of call en route to Cuba to buy molasses for a friend of his—the director of a sugar refinery—the city snapped him up and the stay became prolonged. The magazine '291' devoted an entire issue to him, he met Man Ray, Gabrielle joined him, Duchamp joined him, drugs and alcohol became a problem and his health suffered. He suffered from dropsy and tachycardia. New York ate him up. These years can be characterized as Picabia's proto-Dada period, consisting mainly of his portraits mécaniques.

Later, in 1916, while in Barcelona and within a small circle of refugee artists that included Marie Laurencin and Robert and Sonia Delaunay, he started his well-known Dada periodical 391, modeled on Stieglitz's own periodical. He continued the periodical with the help of Duchamp in America. In Zurich, seeking treatment for depression and suicidal impulses, he had met Tristan Tzara, whose radical ideas thrilled Picabia. Back in Paris, and now with his mistress Germaine Everling, he was in the city of "les assises dada" where Andre Breton, Paul Eluard, Philippe Soupault and Louis Aragon met at Certa, a basque bar in the passage de l'Opera. Picabia, the provocateur, was back home.

Picabia continued his involvement in the Dada movement through 1919 in Zürich and Paris, before breaking away from it after developing an interest in Surrealist art. (See Cannibale, 1921.) He denounced Dada in 1921, and issued a personal attack against Breton in the final issue of 391, in 1924.
The same year, he put in an appearance in the René Clair surrealist film Entr'acte, firing a cannon from a rooftop. The film served as an intermission piece for Picabia's avant-garde ballet, Relâche, premiered at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées, with music by Erik Satie.

In 1925, he returned to figurative painting, and during the 1930s became a close friend of Gertrude Stein. In the early 1940s he moved to the south of France, where his work took a surprising turn: he produced a series of paintings based on the nude glamour photos in French "girlie" magazines like Paris Sex-Appeal, in a garish style which appears to subvert traditional, academic nude painting. Some of these went to an Algerian merchant who sold them on, and so Picabia came to decorate brothels across North Africa under the Occupation.

Before the end of World War II, he returned to Paris where he resumed abstract painting and writing poetry. A large retrospective of his work was held at the Galerie René Drouin in Paris in the spring of 1949. Francis Picabia died in Paris in 1953 and was interred in the Cimetière de Montmartre.
In 2003 a single Picabia painting once owned by Andre Breton sold for $1.6 million.
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 6Ko]
Francis-Marie Martinez de Picabia, né le 22 janvier 1879 à Paris et mort le 30 novembre 1953 dans la même ville, est un peintre, graphiste et écrivain proche des mouvements Dada et surréaliste. Biographie Francis Picabia est le petit-fils d'Alphonse Davanne (1824-1912), chimiste et photographe, et président de la SFP. Il épouse Gabrielle Buffet, pe...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 5Ko]
Francis-Marie Martinez de Picabia (22 janvier 1879 à Paris - 30 novembre 1953 dans la même ville), fut un peintre, graphiste et écrivain proche des mouvements Dada et surréaliste. Sa mère était française et son père espagnol, attaché à l'ambassade de Cuba à Paris. Il était le petit-fils d'Alphonse Davanne (1824-1912) , chimiste et photographe, prés...
[Page - Francis Picabia - 7Ko]
Francis Picabia (* 22. Januar 1879 in Paris &dagger 30. November 1953 ebenda), eigentlich Francis-Marie Martinez Picabia, war ein französischer Schriftsteller, Maler und Grafiker. Leben Ausbildung Francis Picabia war der Sohn eines kubanischen Botschaftsangestellten adliger Herkunft und einer französischen Mutter. Sie starb an Tuberkulose, als er...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 4Ko]
François Marie Martinez Picabia (Parigi, 22 gennaio 1879 - Parigi, 30 novembre 1953) è stato un pittore e scrittore francese. è stato uno dei più importanti dadaisti e ha lavorato anche come grafico. Biografia Nasce a Parigi, da madre francese e padre spagnolo cancelliere all'ambasciata cubana di Parigi. Ha un'infanzia agiata nonostante sia emotiva...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 4Ko]
Francis-Marie Martínez Picabia (París, 22 de enero, 1879 - 30 de noviembre, 1953) fue un pintor francés. Artista vanguardista francés, de origen cubano. Trabajó en casi todos los estilos contemporáneos más destacados, como el postimpresionismo, el cubismo, el fauvismo, el dadaísmo, el surrealismo y el arte abstracto. Hizo también pintura figurativa...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 4Ko]
Франсис Пикабиа (родился Франсуа Мари Мартинес Пикабиа, 22 января 1879 - 30 ноября 1953), французский живописец и поэт. Биография Франсис Пикабиа родился в Париже французские матери и испано-кубинской отца, который был атташе кубинского посольства в Париже. Его мать умерла от туберкулеза, когда ему было семь лет. Его отец был аристократического исп...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 6Ko]
Франсиско де Сурбарана (7 ноября 1598 - 27 августа 1664) был испанский художник. Он известен в первую очередь для его религиозные картины, изображающие монахов, монахинь и мучеников, и за его натюрморты. Сурбарана получил прозвище испанской Караваджо, из-за силового, реалистичные использование светотени, в которых он преуспел. Ранняя жизнь Он родил...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 5Ko]
弗朗西斯Picabia(玛丽弗朗索瓦马丁内斯Picabia,1879年1月22日 - 1953年11月30日出生)是一个法国画家和诗人。 传记 弗朗西斯Picabia是出生在巴黎,母亲是法国和西班牙,古巴的父亲是在巴黎的古巴使馆武官。他七岁时,他的母亲死于肺结核。他的父亲是西班牙血统的贵族。财政独立,Picabia在école des装饰艺术的研究,在19世纪90年代后期下弗尔南Cormon和其他人。 1894年,Picabia资助他的邮票收藏,复制一个属于他父亲的西班牙绘画的集合,开关副本原件,他的父亲不知情的情况下,和销售原件。弗尔南Cormon到了他的学院,他在104大道的克利希,凡高和图卢兹 - 劳特累克也研究。从20岁,他住的绘画 随后,他从他母亲那里继承的钱。 在开始他的职业生涯...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 3Ko]
Francis Picabia (nascido François Marie Martinez Picabia, 22 de janeiro de 1879 - 30 Novembro 1953) foi um pintor francês e poeta. Biografia Francis Picabia nasceu em Paris, de mãe francesa e pai espanhol-cubano que era um adido da legação cubana em Paris. Sua mãe morreu de tuberculose quando ele tinha sete anos. Seu pai era de origem espanhola ari...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 7Ko]
フランシスピカビアは(フランソワマリーマルティネスピカビア、1879年1月22日生まれ - 1953年11月30日)をフランスの画家や詩人だった。 バイオグラフィー フランシスピカビアは、フランス人の母とパリでキューバ公使館で武官だったスペイン系キューバ人の父のパリで生まれた。彼は7歳の時母親は結核で死亡した。彼の父は貴族のスペイン系であった。財政的に独立し、ピカビアは1890年代後半にエコール装飾美術でフェルナンCormonなどに師事。 1894年に、ピカビアは父親の知識なしに、コピー用の原稿を切り替え、彼の父親が所有してスペイン絵画のコレクションをコピーし、原本を販売することで、彼の切手コレクションを融資した。フェルナンCormonは、ゴッホやロートレックも勉強していた104大通りドゥク...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 3Ko]
フランシスコデスルバラン(1598年11月7日 - 1664年8月27日)はスペインの画家。彼は主に僧侶、尼僧、そして殉教者を描いた彼の宗教画のため、と彼はまだ、静物画で知られています。スルバランは、彼が得意とした明暗法の強制的な、現実的な使用に起因ニックネームスペインカラヴァッジョを、得た。 初期の人生 彼は、エストレマドゥーラのフエンテデカントス、ルイススルバラン、雑貨小間物商、そして彼の妻、イザベルマルケスの息子で生まれた。小児期に彼は木炭でオブジェクトを模倣し始めました。 1614年に彼の父はペドロディアスデビリャヌエバ、ほとんど知られている人のアーティストとの三年間弟子にセビリアに彼を送った。 スタイルの ヴァージン、cの誕生1625-1630、パサディナ、ノートンサイモンMuse...
[Biography - Francis Picabia - 3Ko]

 

 

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Optophone II, Canvas by Francis Picabia (1879-1953, France)
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Francis Picabia
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