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"The Windmill at Wijk bij Duurstede", Oil by Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael (1628-1682, Netherlands)

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Dutch Golden Age Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael , Oil Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael
'The Windmill at Wijk bij Duurstede', Oil by Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael (1628-1682, Netherlands)
Dutch Golden Age Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael , Oil Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael

Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael - Oil

A Dutch landscape consists essentially of sky dominating low-lying land, where water (whether it be the sea or some canal) frequently reflects the clouds. In the work of Ruisdael the feeling of infinity, in which man seems lost, attains a Pascalian gravity. In this painting the sky responds in its cloud formations to the mighty wings of the windmill. As in Rembrandt's mature phase, which is approximately contemporaneous, this landscape shows classical elements which strengthen the compositional power. Horizontals and verticals are coordinated with the Baroque diagonals, which are still alive and help to create a mighty spaciousness. The atmospheric quality is as important as ever in uniting the whole impression. Light breaks now with greater intensity through the clouds and the clouds themselves gain in substance and volume. The sky forms a gigantic vault above the earth, and it is admirable how almost every point on the ground and on the water can be related to a corresponding point in the sky.



 
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Jacob Isaackszoon van Ruisdael (or Ruysdael) (c. 1628 - March 14, 1682) was a Dutch landscape painter.

A native of Haarlem, he appears to have studied under his father Isaak van Ruysdael, a landscape painter, though other authorities place him as the pupil of Berghem and of Allart van Everdingen. He was the nephew of Salomon van Ruysdael, a landscape artist of some note, and studied under him as well. The earliest date that appears on his paintings and etchings is 1645. Three years later he was admitted as a member of the guild of St Luke in Haarlem; in 1659 he obtained the freedom of the city of Amsterdam, and in 1668 his name appears there as a witness to the marriage of Meindert Hobbema. During his lifetime, his works were little appreciated, and he seems to have suffered from poverty. In 1681 the sect of the Mennonites, with whom he was connected, petitioned the council of Haarlem for his admission into the almshouse of the town, and there the artist died on the 14th of March 1682.

Ruisdael's favorite subjects are simple woodland scenes, similar to those of Everdingen and Hobbema. He is especially noted as a painter of trees, and his rendering of foliage, particularly of oak leaf age, is characterized by the greatest spirit and precision. His views of distant cities, such as that of Haarlem in the possession of the marquess of Bute, and that of Katwijk in the Glasgow Corporation Galleries, clearly indicate the influence of Rembrandt.

He frequently painted coast-scenes and sea-pieces, but it is in his rendering of lonely forest glades that we find him at his best. The subjects of certain of his mountain scenes seem to be taken from Norway, and have led to the supposition that he had traveled in that country. There is, however, no record of such a journey, and the works in question are probably merely adaptations from the landscapes of Van Everdingen, whose manner he copied at one period. Only a single architectural subject from his brush is known—an admirable interior of the New Church, Amsterdam. The prevailing hue of his landscapes is a full rich green, which, however, has darkened with time, while a clear grey tone is characteristic of his seapieces. The art of Ruisdael, while it shows little of the scientific knowledge of later landscapists, is sensitive and poetic in sentiment, and direct and skillful in technique. Figures are sparingly introduced into his compositions, and such as occur are believed to be from the pencils of Adriaen van de Velde, Philip Wouwerman, and Jan Lingelbach.

Unlike the other great Dutch landscape painters, Ruisdael did not aim at a pictorial record of particular scenes, but he carefully thought out and arranged his compositions, introducing into them an infinite variety of subtle contrasts in the formation of the clouds, the plants and tree forms, and the play of light. He particularly excelled in the painting of cloudscapes which are spanned dome-like over the landscape, and determine the light and shade of the objects.

Goethe lauded him as a poet among painters, and his work shows some of the sensibilities the Romantics would later celebrate.

[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael - 4Ko]
Jacob van Ruisdael Isaackszoon (ou Ruysdael) (c. 1628 - Mars 14, 1682) était un peintre paysagiste hollandais. Un natif de Haarlem, il semble avoir étudié sous son père Isaak van Ruysdael, un peintre de paysage, si les autorités d'autres le placent comme la prunelle de Berghem et de Allart van Everdingen. Il était le neveu de Salomon van Ruysdael, ...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 5Ko]
Jacob van Ruisdael Isaackszoon (oder Ruysdael) (um 1628 - 14. März 1682) war ein niederländischer Landschaftsmaler. Ein Eingeborener von Haarlem, scheint er bei seinem Vater Isaak van Ruysdael, einem Landschaftsmaler, studiert haben, obwohl andere Behörden legen ihm als Schüler und Berghem von Allart van Everdingen. Er war der Neffe von Salomon van...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 5Ko]
Isaackszoon Jacob van Ruisdael (o Ruysdael) (c. 1628 - 14 marzo 1682) fu un pittore di paesaggio olandese. Nato a Haarlem, egli sembra aver studiato con suo padre Isaak van Ruysdael, un pittore di paesaggio, anche se le autorità di altri lo pongono come allievo di Berghem e di Allart van Everdingen. Era il nipote di Salomon van Ruysdael, un paesagg...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 4Ko]
Jacob van Ruisdael Isaackszoon (o Ruysdael) (c. 1628 - 14 de marzo, 1682) fue un pintor holandés. Nacido en Haarlem, que parece haber estudiado con su padre Isaac van Ruysdael, un pintor de paisajes, aunque las autoridades de otros lo sitúan como el alumno de Berghem y de Allart van Everdingen. Era sobrino de Salomon van Ruysdael, un paisajista de ...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 5Ko]
Яков Isaackszoon ван Рейсдаля (или Рейсдаля) (ок. 1628 - 14 марта, 1682), голландский художник-пейзажист. Уроженец Гарлема, он, кажется, учился у своего отца Исаака ван Рейсдаля, художник-пейзажист, хотя другие органы власти поставить его в качестве ученика Berghem и Allart ван Эвердинген. Он был племянником Саломона ван Рейсдаля, пейзаж художника ...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 4Ko]
雅各Isaackszoon面包车Ruisdael(或Ruysdael)(约1628 - 1682年3月14日)是荷兰风景画家。 土生土长的哈勒姆,他似乎已下一道风景画家,他的父亲伊萨克面包车Ruysdael虽然其他当局将他的瞳孔作为的Berghem和Allart面包车Everdingen的研究。他是所罗门面包车,风景艺术家的一些注意事项Ruysdael的侄子,并根据他的研究以及。他的油画和版画上出现的最早日期是1645。三年后,他被接纳为圣路加在哈勒姆公会的成员在1659年他获得了自由的城市阿姆斯特丹,和1668年,他的名字出现有霍贝玛的Meindert婚姻的见证。在他的一生中,他的作品很少赞赏,他似乎已经遭受贫困。在1681年的门诺教派,与他连接,他承认进入济贫院镇议会请愿的哈勒姆,有艺术...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 2Ko]
Jacob van Isaackszoon Ruisdael (ou Ruysdael) (c. 1628 - 14 mar 1682) foi um pintor holandês da paisagem. Um nativo de Haarlem, ele parece ter estudado com seu pai Isaak van Ruysdael, um pintor de paisagens, embora outras autoridades colocá-lo como aluno de Berghem e de Allart van Everdingen. Ele era sobrinho de Salomon van Ruysdael, um artista da p...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 5Ko]
ヤコブIsaackszoonバンRuisdael(またはロイスダール)(紀元前1628年 - 1682年3月14日)はオランダの風景画家であった。 ハーレムのネイティブ、彼は他の当局がBerghemのとAllartバンエフェルディンゲンの弟子として彼を配置しても彼の父アイザック· ファン· ロイスダール、風景画家、師事しているように見えます。彼は、サロモン· ファン· ロイスダール、いくつかのノートの風景画家の甥であり、同様に彼の下で勉強しました。彼の絵画と版画に表示される最も古い日付は1645です。三年後、彼はハーレムの聖ルカのギルドのメンバーとして認められた。1659年に彼はアムステルダムの街の自由を得て、1668年に彼の名前はMeinde...
[Biography - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruisdael - 3Ko]

 

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"The Windmill at Wijk bij Duurstede", Oil by Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael (1628-1682, Netherlands)
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A Dutch landscape consists essentially of sky dominating low-lying land, where water (whether it be the sea or some canal) frequently reflects the clouds. In the work of Ruisdael the feeling of infinity, in which man seems lost, attains a Pascalian gravity. In this painting the sky responds in its cloud formations to the mighty wings of the windmill. As in Rembrandt's mature phase, which is approximately contemporaneous, this landscape shows classical elements which strengthen the compositional power. Horizontals and verticals are coordinated with the Baroque diagonals, which are still alive and help to create a mighty spaciousness. The atmospheric quality is as important as ever in uniting the whole impression. Light breaks now with greater intensity through the clouds and the clouds themselves gain in substance and volume. The sky forms a gigantic vault above the earth, and it is admirable how almost every point on the ground and on the water can be related to a corresponding point in the sky.
Jacob Isaakszoon Van Ruisdael
Oil
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