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"Houses in Provence, near Gardanne", Oil by Paul Cezanne (1839-1906, France)

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Post-Impressionism Paul Cezanne , Oil Paul Cezanne
'Houses in Provence, near Gardanne', Oil by Paul Cezanne (1839-1906, France)
Post-Impressionism Paul Cezanne , Oil Paul Cezanne

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 Paul Cezanne
Cezanne was born in Southern France in 1839. Unlike many of his contemporaries Cezanne was the son of a banker, never having to struggle to make ends meet, instead inheriting a small fortune upon his father’s death. It wasn’t until years later that Cezanne officially decided to dedicate his life to art. In 1861 Cezanne left for Paris, the art capital of the world, against the wishes of his father. Once he arrived, Cezanne met and befriended Pissarro, one of the founding artists of Impressionism. Cezanne quickly became Pissarro’s pupil, joining his many painting excursions to the countryside.
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Paul Cézanne (French pronunciation: 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne can be said to form the bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and the early 20th century's new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism. The line attributed to both Matisse and Picasso that Cézanne "is the father of us all" cannot be easily dismissed.

Cézanne's work demonstrates a mastery of design, colour, composition and draftsmanship. His often repetitive, sensitive and exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields, at once both a direct expression of the sensations of the observing eye and an abstraction from observed nature. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of his subjects, a searching gaze and a dogged struggle to deal with the complexity of human visual perception.

Life and work

Femme au Chapeau Vert (Woman in a Green Hat. Madame Cézanne.) 1894–1895 Early years and family
The Cézannes came from the small town of Cesana now in West Piedmont, and it has been assumed that their name came from Italian origin. Paul Cézanne was born on 19 January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, in Provence in south of France. On 22 February, Paul was baptized in the parish church, with his grandmother and uncle Louis as godparents. His father, Louis-Auguste Cézanne (28 July 1798 – 23 October 1886), was the cofounder of a banking firm that prospered throughout the artist's life, affording him financial security that was unavailable to most of his contemporaries and eventually resulting in a large inheritance. On the other hand, his mother, Anne-Elisabeth Honorine Aubert (24 September 1814 – 25 October 1897), was vivacious and romantic, but quick to take offense. It was from her that Paul got his conception and vision of life. He also had two younger sisters, Marie and Rose, with whom he went to a primary school every day.

At the age of ten, Paul entered the Saint Joseph school, where he studied drawing under Joseph Gibert, a Spanish monk, in Aix. In 1852 Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon (now Collège Mignet), where he met and became friends with Émile Zola, who was in a less advanced class, as well as Baptistin Baille—three friends who would come to be known as "les trois inseparables" (the three inseparables). He stayed there for six years, though in the last two years he was a day scholar. From 1859 to 1861, complying with his father's wishes, Cézanne attended the law school of the University of Aix, while also receiving drawing lessons. Going against the objections of his banker father, he committed himself to pursuing his artistic development and left Aix for Paris in 1861. He was strongly encouraged to make this decision by Zola, who was already living in the capital at the time. Eventually, his father reconciled with Cézanne and supported his choice of career. Cézanne later received an inheritance of 400,000 francs(£218,363.62) from his father, which rid him of all financial worries.

Cézanne the artist

The Cardplayers, an iconic work by Cézanne (1892).In Paris, Cézanne met the Impressionist Camille Pissarro. Initially the friendship formed in the mid-1860s between Pissarro and Cézanne was that of master and mentoree, with Pissarro exerting a formative influence on the younger artist. Over the course of the following decade their landscape painting excursions together, in Louveciennes and Pontoise, led to a collaborative working relationship between equals.

His early work is often concerned with the figure in the landscape and comprises many paintings of groups of large, heavy figures in the landscape, imaginatively painted. Later in his career, he became more interested in working from direct observation and gradually developed a light, airy painting style that was to influence the Impressionists enormously. Nevertheless, in Cézanne's mature work we see the development of a solidified, almost architectural style of painting. Throughout his life he struggled to develop an authentic observation of the seen world by the most accurate method of representing it in paint that he could find. To this end, he structurally ordered whatever he perceived into simple forms and colour planes. His statement "I want to make of impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums",and his contention that he was recreating Poussin "after nature" underscored his desire to unite observation of nature with the permanence of classical composition.

Les Grandes Baigneuses, 1898–1905: the triumph of Poussinesque stability and geometric balance. Optical phenomena

Cézanne was interested in the simplification of naturally occurring forms to their geometric essentials, he wanted to "treat nature by the cylinder, the sphere, the cone" (a tree trunk may be conceived of as a cylinder, an apple or orange a sphere, for example). Additionally, the concentrated attention with which he recorded his observations of nature resulted in a profound exploration of binocular vision, which results in two slightly different simultaneous visual perceptions, and provides us with depth perception and a complex knowledge of spatial relationships. We see two different views simultaneously; Cézanne employed this aspect of visual perception in his painting to varying degrees. The observation of this fact, coupled with Cézanne's desire to capture the truth of his own perception, often compelled him to render the outlines of forms so as to at once attempt to display the distinctly different views of both the left and right eyes. Thus Cézanne's work augments and transforms earlier ideals of perspective, in particular single-point perspective.

[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 7Ko]
«La biographie de Paul Cézanne est courte. Peu s'en faut qu'elle tienne toute dans le vers célèbre: "Naître, vivre et mourir dans la même maison". Notons-le tout de suite, car ce n'est pas le fait le moins singulier d'une destinée au fond si simple et apparemment si contradictoire: ce prétendu révolutionnaire fut en réalité le plus bourgeois et mêm...
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Paul Cézanne (prononciation française: 19 Janvier 1839 à 1822 Octobre 1906) était un artiste français et peintre post-impressionniste dont les travaux ont jeté les bases de la transition de la conception du 19ème siècle de l'entreprise artistique à un monde nouveau et radicalement différent de l'art dans le 20e siècle. Cézanne peut être dit pour fo...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 9Ko]
Débuts dans la carrière de peintre Paul Cézanne fréquente le collège Bourbon (devenu lycée Mignet), où il se lie d'amitié avec Émile Zola. Il entreprend sans enthousiasme des études de droit à l'Université d'Aix. Il suit des cours à l'École de Dessin et aménage un atelier au Jas de Bouffan, résidence que son père a achetée. Il se rend une première ...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 8Ko]
Paul Cézanne (* 19. Januar 1839 in Aix-en-Provence &dagger 22. Oktober 1906 ebenda) war ein französischer Maler. Cézannes Werk wird unterschiedlichen Stilrichtungen zugeordnet: Während seine frühen Arbeiten noch von Romantik - wie die Wandbilder im Landhaus Jas de Bouffan - und Realismus geprägt sind, gelangte er durch intensive Auseinandersetzun...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 16Ko]
Paul Cézanne (pronuncia francese: 19 Gennaio 1839 - 22 ottobre 1906) è stato un artista francese e post-impressionista pittore il cui lavoro ha posto le basi della transizione dalla concezione del 19 ° secolo di ricerca artistica in un mondo nuovo e radicalmente diverso d'arte del 20 ° secolo. Cézanne si può dire per formare un ponte tra l'...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 8Ko]
Paul Cézanne (la francesa Pronunciación: 19 enero 1839 hasta 22 octubre 1906) fue un artista y pintor francés postimpresionista cuya obra sentó las bases de la transición de la concepción del siglo 19 de la actividad artística a un mundo nuevo y radicalmente diferente del arte en el siglo 20. Cézanne se puede decir que forman el puente entre finale...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 8Ko]
Paul Cézanne (pronúncia francesa: 19 de janeiro de 1839 - 22 Outubro 1906) foi um artista francês e pós-impressionista pintor, cujo trabalho estabeleceu as bases da transição desde a concepção do século 19 do esforço artístico para um mundo novo e radicalmente diferente de arte no século 20. Cézanne pode ser dito para formar a ponte entre o final d...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 8Ko]
Поля Сезанна (французское произношение: 19 января 1839 - 22 октября 1906), французский художник и пост-импрессионистов художник, чьи работы были заложены основы перехода от 19-го века концепция художественного творчества для новых и радикально иной мир искусства 20-го века. Сезанн, можно сказать, образует мост между концом 19-го века импрессионизма...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 7Ko]
保罗· 塞尚(法国发音:1月19日1839年 - 1906年10月22日)是法国艺术家和后印象派画家,其作品从19世纪艺术创作观念奠定基础的过渡到一个新的艺术和完全不同的世界20世纪。塞尚可以说形成了19世纪后期印象派和20世纪初的艺术探索的新生产线,立体主义之间的桥梁。行马蒂斯和毕加索,塞尚的“是”不能轻易解雇我们所有的父亲。 塞尚的作品展示了设计,色彩,构图和技法的掌握。他经常重复,敏感和探索的笔触是极具特色和清晰可辨。他用飞机建立起来,形成复杂的领域,在一次都直接表达了眼观察,从观察到的性质的抽象的感觉,颜色和小笔触。画作传达塞尚的紧张学习他的臣民,搜索的目光和顽强的斗争,处理复杂的人类视觉感知。 生活和工作 源区起首部分垂直(绿帽子的女人。塞尚夫人。)1894-1895早...
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ポール· セザンヌ(フランス語発音:1839年1月19日 - 1906年10月22日)その作品の芸術の新しい根本的に異なる世界に芸術的な努力の19世紀の概念からの移行の基礎を築いたフランス人アーティストとポスト印象派の画家20世紀。セザンヌは19世紀後半の印象派と芸術の調査の20世紀初頭の新しいライン、キュビスムの間にブリッジを形成すると言うことができます。行は、セザンヌが簡単に解雇することはできません "私たちすべての父である"とマティスとピカソの両方に起因する。 セザンヌの作品は、デザイン、色、組成、図法の習得を示しています。彼の多くの場合、反復的な敏感と探索筆は非常に特徴的な、はっきりと認識できます。彼は色の面と観察眼と観測自然から抽象の感覚の直接的な表現の両方を一度に、複...
[Biography - Paul Cezanne - 4Ko]


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"Houses in Provence, near Gardanne", Oil by Paul Cezanne (1839-1906, France)
Paul Cezanne