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"Siegfried Hitler" by George Grosz (1893-1959, Germany)

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Painting George Grosz , Giclee George Grosz
'Siegfried Hitler' by George Grosz (1893-1959, Germany)
Painting George Grosz , Giclee George Grosz

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Georg Ehrenfried Groß (July 26, 1893 – July 6, 1959) was a German artist known especially for his savagely caricatural drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s. He was a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group during the Weimar Republic before he emigrated to the United States in 1933.

George Grosz was born Georg Ehrenfried Groß in Berlin, Germany, the son of a pub owner. His parents were devoutly Lutheran. Grosz grew up in the Pomeranian town of Stolp, where his mother became the keeper of the local Hussar's Officers' mess after his father died in 1901. At the urging of his cousin, the young Grosz began attending a weekly drawing class taught by a local painter named Grot. Grosz developed his skills further by drawing meticulous copies of the drinking scenes of Eduard Grutzner, and by drawing imaginary battle scenes. From 1909–1911, he studied at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts, where his teachers were Richard Müller, Robert Sterl, Raphael Wehle, and Oskar Schindler. He subsequently studied at the Berlin College of Arts and Crafts under Emil Orlik.

In November 1914 Grosz volunteered for military service, in the hope that by thus preempting conscription he would avoid being sent to the front. He was given a discharge after hospitalization for sinusitis in 1915. In 1916 he changed the spelling of his name to George Grosz as a protest against German nationalism and out of a romantic enthusiasm for America that originated in his early reading of the books of James Fenimore Cooper, Bret Harte and Karl May, and which he retained for the rest of his life. (His artist friend and collaborator Helmut Herzfeld changed his name to John Heartfield at the same time.) In January 1917 he was drafted for service, but in May he was discharged as permanently unfit.

Grosz was arrested during the Spartakus uprising in January 1919, but escaped using fake identification documents; he joined the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in the same year. In 1921 Grosz was accused of insulting the army, which resulted in a 300 German Mark fine and the destruction of the collection Gott mit uns ("God with us"), a satire on German society. Grosz left the KPD in 1922 after having spent five months in Russia and meeting Lenin and Trotsky, because of his antagonism to any form of dictatorial authority.

Bitterly anti-Nazi, Grosz left Germany shortly before Hitler came to power. In June 1932, he accepted an invitation to teach the summer semester at the Art Students League of New York. In October 1932, Grosz returned to Germany, but on January 12, 1933 he and his family emigrated to America. Grosz became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1938, and made his home in Bayside, New York. He taught at the Art Students League intermittently until 1955.

In America, Grosz determined to make a clean break with his past, and changed his style and subject matter. He continued to exhibit regularly, and in 1946 he published his autobiography, A Little Yes and a Big No. In the 1950s he opened a private art school at his home and also worked as Artist in Residence at the Des Moines Art Center. Grosz was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1954. Though he had US citizenship, he resolved to return to Berlin, where he died on July 6, 1959 from the effects of falling down a flight of stairs after a night of drinking.

In 1960, Grosz was the subject of the Oscar-nominated short film George Grosz' Interregnum. In 2002, actor Kevin McKidd portrayed Grosz in a supporting role as an eager artist seeking exposure in a fictional film entitled Max, regarding Adolf Hitler's youth.

Although Grosz made his first oil paintings in 1912 while still a student, his earliest oils that can be identified today date from 1916. By 1914, Grosz worked in a style influenced by Expressionism and Futurism, as well as by popular illustration, graffiti, and children's drawings. Sharply outlined forms are often treated as if transparent. The City (1916–17) was the first of his many paintings of the modern urban scene. Other examples include the apocalyptic Explosion (1917), Metropolis (1917), and The Funeral, a 1918 painting depicting a mad funeral procession.

In his drawings, usually in pen and ink which he sometimes developed further with watercolor, Grosz did much to create the image most have of Berlin and the Weimar Republic in the 1920s. Corpulent businessmen, wounded soldiers, prostitutes, sex crimes and orgies were his great subjects. His draftsmanship was excellent although the works for which he is best known adopt a deliberately crude form of caricature. His oeuvre includes a few absurdist works, such as Remember Uncle August the Unhappy Inventor which has buttons sewn on it, and also includes a number of erotic artworks.

After his emigration to the USA in 1933, Grosz "sharply rejected previous work, and caricature in general." In place of his earlier corrosive vision of the city, he now painted conventional nudes and many landscape watercolors. More acerbic works, such as Cain, or Hitler in Hell (1944), were the exception. In his autobiography, he wrote: "A great deal that had become frozen within me in Germany melted here in America and I rediscovered my old yearning for painting. I carefully and deliberately destroyed a part of my past." Although a softening of his style had been apparent since the late 1920s, Grosz's work turned toward a sentimental romanticism in America, a change generally seen as a decline.
[Biography - George Grosz - 7Ko]
Georg Ehrenfried Groß (26 Juillet 1893 - Juillet 6, 1959) était un artiste allemand connu surtout pour ses dessins caricaturaux sauvagement de la vie à Berlin dans les années 1920. Il était un membre éminent de l'Dada de Berlin et le groupe de la Nouvelle Objectivité au cours de la République de Weimar avant d'émigrer aux états-Unis en 1933. George...
[Biography - George Grosz - 9Ko]
Georg Ehrenfried Groß (26. Juli 1893 - 6. Juli 1959) war ein deutscher Künstler vor allem für seine brutal karikaturistischen Zeichnungen des Berliner Lebens in den 1920er Jahren bekannt. Er war ein prominentes Mitglied der Berliner Dada-Gruppe und der Neuen Sachlichkeit in der Weimarer Republik, bevor er in die Vereinigten Staaten emigrierte 1933....
[Biography - George Grosz - 8Ko]
Georg Ehrenfried Groß (26 luglio 1893 - 6 luglio 1959) è stato un artista tedesco noto soprattutto per i suoi disegni caricaturali di vita selvaggiamente Berlino nel 1920. Era un membro di spicco del Dada berlinese e il gruppo Nuova Oggettività durante la Repubblica di Weimar, prima di emigrare negli Stati Uniti nel 1933. George Grosz è nato Georg ...
[Biography - George Grosz - 7Ko]
Georg Ehrenfried bruto (26 julio 1893 a 6 julio 1959) fue un artista alemán conocido sobre todo por sus dibujos caricaturescos de la vida salvaje de Berlín en la década de 1920. él era un miembro prominente del grupo dadaísta de Berlín y Nueva Objetividad durante la República de Weimar antes de emigrar a los Estados Unidos en 1933. George Grosz nac...
[Biography - George Grosz - 8Ko]
Георг Гросс Ehrenfried (26 июля 1893 - 6 июля 1959) был известным немецким художником, особенно для его жестоко карикатурных рисунков жизни в Берлине в 1920 году. Он был видным членом Берлинской Дада и Новая объективность группы во время Веймарской республики, прежде чем он эмигрировал в Соединенные Штаты в 1933 году. Джордж Гросс родился Георг Гро...
[Biography - George Grosz - 7Ko]
格奥尔格Ehrenfried总值(1893年7月26日 - 1959年7月6日)是德国的艺术家,尤其是他的野蛮讽刺性漫画在20世纪20年代柏林生活的图纸。他是一个突出的成员在柏林的达达和新的客观性组在魏玛共和国在1933年之前,他移居到美国。 乔治· 格罗茨出生:格奥尔格Ehrenfried格罗斯在柏林,德国的一家小酒馆老板的儿子。他的父母是虔诚的路德。格罗茨增长波美拉尼亚镇Stolp,他的母亲成为当地的轻骑兵的军官食堂的门将后,他的父亲于1901年去世。在他的堂兄的催促下,年轻的格罗茨开始参加绘画班每周教名为赦颜本地画家。格罗茨发展他的技能,进一步绘制的饮酒场面爱德华· Grutzner的细致的副本,并通过绘制假想的战斗场面。从1909-1911,他就读于德累斯顿美...
[Biography - George Grosz - 3Ko]
Georg Ehrenfried Groß (26 de julho de 1893 - 06 de julho de 1959) foi um artista alemão conhecido sobretudo por seus desenhos caricaturais da vida selvagem de Berlim em 1920. Ele era um membro proeminente do grupo Dada de Berlim e Nova Objetividade durante a República de Weimar, antes que ele emigrou para os Estados Unidos em 1933. George Grosz nas...
[Biography - George Grosz - 7Ko]
ゲオルクEhrenfriedグロス(1893年7月26日 - 1959年7月6日)は、特に1920年代のベルリンの生命の彼のどう猛に風刺的な絵で知られるドイツの芸術家でした。彼は1933年に米国に移住する前に、彼はワイマール共和国の間にベルリンダダと新客観グループの著名なメンバーだった。 ジョージ· グロースは、ベルリンのゲオルクEhrenfriedグロス、ドイツ、パブの所有者の息子として生まれた。彼の両親は敬虔なルター派であった。グロースは、彼の父が1901年に死んだ後彼の母親は地元の軽騎兵の役員混乱の番人となったStolpのポメラニアンの町で育ちました。彼のいとこの要請で、若いグロースは見下げ果てたやつという名前のローカル画家が教える毎週の描画クラスに通い始めた。グロースは、...
[Biography - George Grosz - 4Ko]


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"Siegfried Hitler" by George Grosz (1893-1959, Germany)
George Grosz