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Portfolio >> Alphonse Maria Mucha

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  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Salon des Cent, 1897
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Heidsieck and Co
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Spirit Of Spring
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Autumn 1896
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Lefevre Utile
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Winter 1896
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Woman with a Burning Candle
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Age of Wisdom
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Moet & Chandon dry Imperial
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Girl with Loose Hair and Tulips
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Croatian Woman with Apples
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Jaroslava
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Laurel
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Amants
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Regional Exhibition in Ivancice
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Salon des Cent, 1896
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Lance Parfum Rodo
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Austria
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Coffee
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Red Coat
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Reverie
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Salome
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Zodiac
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Flower
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Fruit
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Salammbo
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Spring 1896
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Summer 1896
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Zdenka Cerny
  • Alphonse Maria Mucha - Muse
 
All 144 Artworks from Alphonse Maria Mucha





Alphonse Maria Mucha, first name from the Czech Alfons (24 July 1860 – 14 July 1939), was a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist,best known for his distinct style and his images of women. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, postcards, and designs.

Biography

Early years

Alphonse Maria Mucha was born in the town of Ivančice, Moravia (today's region of the Czech Republic). Although his singing abilities allowed him to continue his education through high school in the Moravian capital of Brünn (today Brno), drawing had been his first love since childhood. He worked at decorative painting jobs in Moravia, mostly painting theatrical scenery. In 1879, he moved to Vienna to work for a leading Viennese theatrical design company, while informally furthering his artistic education. When a fire destroyed his employer's business in 1881 he returned to Moravia, to do freelance decorative and portrait painting. Count Karl Khuen of Mikulov hired Mucha to decorate Hrušovany Emmahof Castle with murals, and was impressed enough that he agreed to sponsor Mucha's formal training at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts.

Poster of Maude Adams as Joan of Arc, 1909Mucha moved to Paris in 1887, and continued his studies at Académie Julian and Académie Colarossi. In addition to his studies, he worked at producing magazine and advertising illustrations.Around Christmas 1894, Mucha happened to drop into a print shop where there was a sudden and unexpected need for a new advertising poster for a play starring Sarah Bernhardt, the most famous actress in Paris, at the Théâtre de la Renaissance on the Boulevard Saint-Martin. Mucha volunteered to produce a lithographed poster within two weeks, and on 1 January 1895, the advertisement for the play Gismonda by Victorien Sardou appeared on the streets of the city. It was an overnight sensation and announced the new artistic style and its creator to the citizens of Paris. Bernhardt was so satisfied with the success of this first poster that she entered into a 6 year contract with Mucha.


Mucha produced a flurry of paintings, posters, advertisements, and book illustrations, as well as designs for jewelry, carpets, wallpaper, and theatre sets in what was initially called the Mucha Style but became known as Art Nouveau (French for 'new art'). Mucha's works frequently featured beautiful, strong young women in flowing vaguely Neoclassical looking robes, often surrounded by lush flowers which sometimes formed halos behind women's heads. In contrast with contemporary poster makers he used pale pastel colors. The 1900 Universal Exhibition in Paris spread the "Mucha style" internationally, of which Mucha said "I think [the Exposition Universelle] made some contribution toward bringing aesthetic values into arts and crafts. He decorated the Bosnia and Herzegovina Pavilion and collaborated in the Austrian Pavilion. His Art Nouveau style was often imitated. The Art Nouveau style however, was one that Mucha attempted to distance himself from throughout his life; he always insisted that rather than adhering to any fashionable stylistic form, his paintings came purely from within and Czech art. He declared that art existed only to communicate a spiritual message, and nothing more; hence his frustration at the fame he gained through commercial art, when he most wanted to concentrate on more lofty projects that would ennoble art and his birthplace.

Marriage

Mucha married Maruška (Marie/Maria) Chytilová on 10 June 1906, in Prague. The couple visited the U.S. from 1906 to 1910, during which time their daughter, Jaroslava, was born in New York City. They also had a son, Jiří, (born 12 March 1915 in Prague; died 5 April 1991 in Prague) who later became a well known journalist, writer, screenwriter, author of autobiographical novels and studies of the works of his father. In the U.S. Alphonse expected to earn money to fund his nationalistic projects to demonstrate to Czechs that he had not "sold out". He was supported by millionaire Charles R. Crane, who used his fortune to help promote revolutions and, after meeting Thomas Masaryk, Slavic nationalism. Alphonse and his family returned to the Czech lands and settled in Prague, where he decorated the Theater of Fine Arts, contributed his time and talent to create the murals in the Mayor's Office at the Municipal House, and other landmarks around the city. When Czechoslovakia won its independence after World War I, Mucha designed the new postage stamps, banknotes, and other government documents for the new state.

Le Pater

Mucha considered Le Pater his printed masterpiece, and referred to it in the 5 January 1900 issue of The Sun Newspaper (New York) as the thing he had "put [his] soul into". Printed on 20 December 1899, Le Pater was Mucha's occult examination of the themes of The Lord's Prayer and only 510 copies were produced.

The Slav EpicMain article: The Slav Epic

The Mucha stained glass in Prague's St. Vitus Cathedral was designed in the early 1930sMucha spent many years working on what he considered his life's fine art masterpiece, The Slav Epic (Slovanská epopej), a series of twenty huge paintings depicting the history of the Czech and the Slavic people in general, bestowed to the city of Prague in 1928. He had dreamt of completing a series such as this, a celebration of Slavic history, since he was young. Since 1963 the series has been on display in the chateau in Moravský Krumlov the South Moravian Region in the Czech Republic.

Death

The rising tide of fascism in the late 1930s led to Mucha's works, as well as his Slavic nationalism, being denounced in the press as 'reactionary'. When German troops marched into Czechoslovakia in the spring of 1939, Mucha was among the first persons to be arrested by the Gestapo. During the course of his interrogation, the aging artist fell ill with pneumonia. Though eventually released, he never recovered from the strain of this event, or from seeing his homeland invaded and overcome. He died in Prague on 14 July 1939, of a lung infection, and was interred there in the Vyšehrad cemetery.

Legacy


At the time of his death, Mucha's style was considered outdated. His son, author Jiří Mucha, devoted much of his life to writing about him and bringing attention to his art. In his own country, the new authorities were not interested in Mucha. His Slav Epic was rolled and stored for twenty-five years before being shown in Moravsky Krumlov and only recently has a Mucha museum appeared in Prague, run by his grandson, John Mucha.

Mucha's work has continued to experience periodic revivals of interest for illustrators and artists. Interest in Mucha's distinctive style experienced a strong revival in the 1960s (with a general interest in Art Nouveau and is particularly evident in the psychedelic posters of Hapshash and the Coloured Coat, the collective name for two British artists, Michael English and Nigel Waymouth, who designed posters for groups such as Pink Floyd and The Incredible String Band.

It is a strongly acknowledged influence for Stuckist painter Paul Harvey whose subjects have included Madonna and whose work was used to promote The Stuckists Punk Victorian show at the Walker Art Gallery during the 2004 Liverpool Biennial.

The Japanese manga artist Naoko Takeuchi released a series of official posters depicting five of the main characters from her manga series Sailor Moon mimicking Mucha's style.Another manga artist, the 1962 born Masakazu Katsura has also mimicked Mucha's style several times. Comic book artist and current Marvel Comics Editor in Chief Joe Quesada also borrowed heavily from Mucha's techniques for a series of covers, posters, and prints.

The band Soilent Green used a picture by Mucha for the cover of their album Sewn Mouth Secrets.One of Mucha's paintings, Quo Vadis or alternately Petronius and Eunice, was the subject of a legal dispute in 1986. The judgment handed down by Richard Posner describes parts of Mucha's life and work biographically.

Among his many other accomplishments, Mucha was also the restorer of Czech Freemasonry.

On January 1, 2010, his published works went out of copyright and entered the public domain.

On 24 July 2010, he was honored with a Google Doodle in memory of his 150th birthday.

[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 11Ko]
Alfons Maria Mucha (Alphonse Mucha), né à Ivančice (ville de Moravie qui faisait alors partie de l'Empire d'Autriche, aujourd'hui sise en République tchèque) le 24 juillet 1860 et mort à Prague le 14 juillet 1939, est un peintre tchèque, fer-de-lance du style Art nouveau. Les débuts Deuxième enfant de Ondřej Mucha, huissier de justice, son aptitude...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 11Ko]
Alfons Maria Mucha ( Aussprache?/i, * 24. Juli 1860 Ivančice in Mähren &dagger 14. Juli 1939 in Prag) war ein tschechischer Plakatkünstler, Grafiker, Illustrator, Maler und Kunstgewerbler, der als einer der herausragenden Repräsentanten des Jugendstils gilt. Er begann seine Laufbahn als Autodidakt. Da er von der Prager Akademie abgelehnt wurde, b...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 11Ko]
Alfons Maria Mucha (Ivančice, 24 luglio 1860 - Praga, 14 luglio 1939) è stato un pittore e scultore ceco. Il suo nome viene spesso traslitterato in inglese come Alphonse Mucha. È stato uno dei più importanti artisti dell'Art Nouveau. Biografia Alfons Maria Mucha nasce a Ivancice, in Moravia (una regione dell'odierna Repubblica Ceca, allora facente ...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 10Ko]
Alfons Maria Mucha ['alfɔns 'marɪja 'muxa] (24 de julio de 1860 - 14 de julio de 1939) fue un pintor y artista decorativo checo, ampliamente reconocido por ser uno de los máximos exponentes del Art Nouveau. Biografía Nació en la ciudad de Ivancice (Moravia, Imperio austríaco) el 24 de julio de 1860. Sus habilidades para el canto le permitieron cont...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 4Ko]
Альфонс Мария Муха, имя из Чешской Альфонс (24 июля 1860 - 14 июля 1939), был чешский искусства модерна художник и художник-декоратор, самый известный за его особый стиль и его представления о женщинах. Он создал много картин, иллюстраций, рекламных объявлений, открытки и конструкций. Биография Ранние годы Альфонс Мария Муха родился в городе Иванчи...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 9Ko]
阿尔方玛丽亚木栅,从捷克阿尔方(1860年7月24日 - 1939年7月14日)的第一个名字,是一个捷克新艺术风格的画家和装饰艺术家,最响誉为他独特的风格和他的女性图像。他产生了许多画,插图,广告,明信片和设计。 传记 早年 出生于阿尔方玛丽亚木栅Ivančice,摩拉维亚(今捷克共和国地区)镇。 ,虽然他的歌声能力让他继续他的教育,通过高中Brünn(今日布尔诺)摩拉维亚资本,绘画是他自幼热爱。他曾在摩拉维亚的装饰画的工作,大多是画剧场风景。 1879年,他移居到维也纳维也纳舞台设计公司为一家领先的工作,而非正式地推进他的艺术教育。当一场大火烧毁他的雇主的业务于1881年,他返回到摩拉维亚,做自由职业者的装饰性和肖像画。伯爵卡尔Khuen的Mikulov聘请木栅Hru&scaron ova...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 4Ko]
Alphonse Maria Mucha, primeiro nome do Alfons Checa (24 de julho de 1860 - 14 de Julho de 1939), foi um pintor checo Nouveau e artista decorativo, mais conhecido por seu estilo distinto e as suas imagens de mulheres. Ele produziu muitas pinturas, ilustrações, anúncios, cartões postais e desenhos. Biografia Primeiros anos Alphonse Maria Mucha nasceu...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 11Ko]
アルフォンスマリアミュシャ、チェコアルフォンス(1860年7月24日 - 1939年7月14日)から最初の名前は、最高の彼の独特のスタイルと女性の彼のイメージのために知られている、チェコのアールヌーボーの画家や装飾的なアーティストだった。彼は多くの絵画、イラスト、広告、ポストカード、およびデザインを制作。 バイオグラフィー 初期の年 アルフォンスマリアミュシャはIvančice、モラビア(チェコ共和国の今日の地域)の町で生まれた。彼の歌う能力は彼がブルンのモラヴィア地方の首都(今日のブルノ)に高等学校を通して彼の教育を継続して許可されていますが、描画は子供の頃から彼の初恋をしていた。彼は主に演劇の風景を描く、モラビアの装飾画の仕事で働いていた。非公式に彼の芸術教育を促進しながら、1879年に...
[Biography - Alphonse Maria Mucha - 5Ko]
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