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The 129 of Lucas Cranach The Elder

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of Charles VPortrait of Charles VLucas Cranach The Elder

The sitter is Charles V who, far from being idealized, is shown in a way which exaggerates his pronounced lower jaw. He is depicted as Emperor, wearing around his neck a heavy gold chain with the Order of the Golden Fleece. The image is very austere and was probably completed with the aid of assista...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Venus and CupidVenus and CupidLucas Cranach The Elder

This is the earliest of Cranach's mythological paintings and the first in Germany depicting Venus and Cupid. At the top a poem in Latin explains the meaning of the picture. The composition is strongly influenced by Dürer.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Judith VictoriousJudith VictoriousLucas Cranach The Elder

The Jagdschloss Grunewald is a relatively modest hunting lodge in Berlin begun by the Kurfurst Joachim II of Brandenburg in the early sixteenth century. It is located in the woods, close to the city's suburbs. Many Dutch, Flemish, and German painting - mostly dating between the sixteenth and early e...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Katharina von BoraKatharina von BoraLucas Cranach The Elder

Katharina von Bora (1499-1552) was a German Catholic nun. She was a significant participant in the Protestant Reformation, and later became the wife of Martin Luther. It in now in the Staatliche Museen, Berlin.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The CrucifixionThe CrucifixionLucas Cranach The Elder

This is the earliest known painting of Cranach, executed for the Schottenkirche in Vienna. Cranach's style was fully formed and underwent little development after about 1515, and the highly finished, mass-produced paintings after that date suffer by comparison with the more individual works he paint...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Apollo and Diana in the Wood 1Apollo and Diana in the Wood 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach, like his contemporary Albrecht Dürer, was a dominant figure in German Renaissance painting. The influence of both artists was pervasive, although Cranach had the advantage of outliving Dürer by as much as thirty years. At the start of his career he was active in Munich and Vienna, but in 15...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Rest on the Flight into EgyptThe Rest on the Flight into EgyptLucas Cranach The Elder

The Virgin has settled down to rest in a meadow on the edge of a forest. Supported by her, the child Jesus reaches out for the strawberries which an angel is offering him. Another angel is drawing water from a spring, a third is bringing a bird, while others sit in the grass and make music. Joseph, ...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of Dr. Johannes CuspinianPortrait of Dr. Johannes CuspinianLucas Cranach The Elder

Johannes Spiessheimer (Cuspinian) was a scholar in the court of the Emperor Maximilian I, himself a writer, who made Vienna, through its chancellery and university, the leading humanist city in Germany. This oil on wood painting (59 x 45 cm) is now in the Oscar Reinhardt Collection, Winterthur.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of Frau ReussPortrait of Frau ReussLucas Cranach The Elder

The sitter of this portrait is the wife of a Vienna University law professor. The pendant of this painting, representing the professor, is in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg. Husband and wife are each flanked a sprouting and a dying tree. Significantly, the two healthy trees face each o...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Housealtar of Count William II of HessenHousealtar of Count William II of HessenLucas Cranach The Elder

This altarpiece was produced for the Kassel court, but it cannot be said with certainty whether it was indeed commissioned by Landgrave Wilhelm II of Hesse, an ally of the Emperor Maximilian and for a time one of the most powerful princes of the Holy Roman Empire. On the central panel we see the ris...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Venus Standing in a LandscapeVenus Standing in a LandscapeLucas Cranach The Elder

The provenance of this picture is unknown. It is one of a series of paintings in various sizes, representing Venus or a female nude, turned out in quantities by Cranach and his studio; these were popular among the clientele of humanists for whom he worked. However, this conception of Venus belongs t...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Fountain of YouthThe Fountain of YouthLucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach's painting is about the human yearning for immortality and eternal youth. Human beings dream of being young again, of leaving the worn outer shell and exchanging it for a new one. The notion of the cleansing power of the elements, especially of water, is as old as humankind itself. The centr...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Christ and the AdulteressChrist and the AdulteressLucas Cranach The Elder

Recently some scholars attributed the painting to Hans Cranach, son of Lucas Cranach the Elder. Since the style of father and son was very close to each other it is very difficult to differentiate between them. Now in the collection of the Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Young Mother with ChildYoung Mother with ChildLucas Cranach The Elder

Young Mother with Child is an oil on wood painting by the German Renaissance painter Lucas Cranach the Elder. The painting (60 x 37 cm) is now in the collection of the Wartburgstifung, Eisenach.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Virgin and Child with a Bunch of GrapesVirgin and Child with a Bunch of GrapesLucas Cranach The Elder

The Virgin is holding a bunch of grapes which the Infant Christ is eating. Behind the figures lies an extensive mountainous landscape and above it a brilliant blue sky. The mountains in the background take on a blue hue, a device used to represent the effects of atmosphere on a distant landscape. Th...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Hunt in Honour of Charles V at the Castle of TorgauHunt in Honour of Charles V at the Castle of TorgauLucas Cranach The Elder

Lucas Cranach and his workshop painted several versions of this subject. This painting is highly characteristic of the style of Lucas Cranach. The painting (114 x 175 cm) is in the Museo del Prado, Madrid.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Venus and Cupid 1Venus and Cupid 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

Renaissance scholars attributed to Theocrites, the 3rd century BC Greek poet, the fable that recounts how Cupid, having been stung by bees when stealing honey, complained to his mother Venus about the pain produced by such small animals. To which she replied that he too was small and that the wounds...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Virgin and Child under an Apple TreeVirgin and Child under an Apple TreeLucas Cranach The Elder

The Child Christ helds bread and apple in his hands. The apple is the symbol of the original sin, the bread (the body of Christ) of the redemption. The Virgin is considered to be the second Eve redempting the sin of the first.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of Anna CuspinianPortrait of Anna CuspinianLucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach composed the portraits Dr. Cuspinian and his wife as a pair. This is apparent in the continuity of the landscape behind the elegantly dressed couple. The trees at the edges of the painting, on the left and right of the figures, are placed so that their branches form an arch, imparting an air...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Elector John the Constant of SaxonyElector John the Constant of SaxonyLucas Cranach The Elder

John the Constant (1468—1532) was a member of the Ernestine line of the House of Wettin. During the lifetime of his brother, Elector Frederick the Wise, he became involved in the business of government. After his brother's death in 1525, John the Constant inherited the position of Elector and became...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Head of Christ Crowned with ThornsHead of Christ Crowned with ThornsLucas Cranach The Elder

Head of Christ Crowned with Thorns ( 1510) ,(Oil on lime panel, 28 x 21 cm) is now in Private collection. The type of image derives from Early Netherlandish painting (Jan van Eyck and Dirk Bouts the Elder).

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portraits of Martin LutherPortraits of Martin LutherLucas Cranach The Elder

Lucas Cranach appeared in Wittenberg in 1505 as the court artist of Frederick the Wise. Wittenberg, a university town which became the greatest and most authoritative centre for the preparation of the Reformation, favoured Cranach's contacts and relations with men of culture, like Martin Luther and ...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Venus and Cupid with a HoneycombVenus and Cupid with a HoneycombLucas Cranach The Elder

Around 1525, Cranach (a leading painter of the German Renaissance, who had trained in Flemish studios) painted a Venus draped in a transparent veil gazing directly at the spectator, whose refined flowing lines are far-removed from the style of ancient statues. The fine brushwork captures every wrink...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Mystic Marriage of St CatherineThe Mystic Marriage of St CatherineLucas Cranach The Elder

Signed at bottom left with a winged serpent, the artist's sign. The works of Lucas Cranach the Elder are as varied and full of incident as was his career as an artist. As a young man, he lived and worked in Vienna from 1500 to 1503, the period when he came in contact with the Danube School, whose de...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Salome with the Head of St John the BaptistSalome with the Head of St John the BaptistLucas Cranach The Elder

Salome with the Head of St John the Baptist (Panel) is in the Bob Jones University Collection, Greenville. It shows Salome standing with the Head of St John in a plate.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Annunciation to JoachimThe Annunciation to JoachimLucas Cranach The Elder

The Annunciation to Joachim (1516-18), (Oil on panel, 60,5 x 51 cm) is now in Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest. The landscape plays an important role in this scene of joyful spirit in which the angel announces to Joachim that Anne, his wife, will conceive and that the child will be the mother of Jesus...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Adam and EveAdam and EveLucas Cranach The Elder

To the rigorous, perfectly Renaissance Dürer, troubled by the question of the proportions of the human body, Cranach, in his nudes, responds by freeing himself from every rule and from any observation of anatomical accuracy. His figures are elongated out of all proportion, seem boneless and are show...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Martyrdom of St Catherine 1The Martyrdom of St Catherine 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

The central panel of a triptych, the side wings representing 3 female saints each. The painting depicts to moments of the martyrdom, one when the lightning destroys the wheel and the other the beheading. The two equestrian men at the left are Frederic the Wise and John the Steadfast.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of a Young Woman 1Portrait of a Young Woman 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

The unidentified sitter is represented three-quarter length, as a court beauty, wearing a red cap and a green dress trimmed with gold, her décolletage bedecked with gold chains.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - A Prince of SaxonyA Prince of SaxonyLucas Cranach The Elder

There is a companion piece showing a princess. The two children, dressed in characteristic Saxon costumes of the finest type, have been thought to be brother and sister, perhaps the children of Duke George the Bearded. The crown worn by the boy, however, signifies his engagement to be married, and t...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - St. ChristopherSt. ChristopherLucas Cranach The Elder

These two panels, painted on both sides, depict a total of four saints. The panels are probably the wings of a triptych whose central panel is now lost. It was commissioned by the Duke of Saxony, who is portrayed with his wife in the lower half of the panels. One of the inside panels depicts St Eliz...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Self-PortraitSelf-PortraitLucas Cranach The Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, 4 October 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of th...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - LucretiaLucretiaLucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach painted many slant-eyed, narrow-waisted, high-breasted nudes with highly charged eroticism. These nudes - depicted to order or almost mass-produced - came in life-size as this Venus and Cupid, or practically pocket-size.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portraits of Catherine BorePortraits of Catherine BoreLucas Cranach The Elder

Lucas Cranach appeared in Wittenberg in 1505 as the court artist of Frederick the Wise. Wittenberg, a university town which became the greatest and most authoritative centre for the preparation of the Reformation, favoured Cranach's contacts and relations with men of culture, like Martin Luther and ...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - CharityCharityLucas Cranach The Elder

The nude Caritas, or Charity, is surrounded by three children. In this way, the protestant Cranach imbued his subject with a quality of motherly love, despite the fact that he is more concerned with the female body than the emblematic aspect of the subject. Cranach's nudes are immediately recognisab...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of a WomanPortrait of a WomanLucas Cranach The Elder

The woman on the painting shows similarity to both Catherina von Bora, Luther's wife, and Sybilla, Princess of Saxony for whom Cranach had great respect. The same figure and face was used in the 1520s on several representations of Judith and Salome by Cranach.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Judgment of Paris 1The Judgment of Paris 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach was one of the most versatile artists of the Northern Renaissance, a staunch patron of the Reformation, and a close friend of Martin Luther. He painted didactic religious paintings, but he also produced his own erotic ideal of the female nude. Although his style, unlike that of Dürer, borrow...